Sanhedrim

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Sanhedrim (Jewish Antiq) the great council of the Jews, which consisted of seventy members, to whom the high priest was added. It had jurisdiction of religious matters.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n sanhedrim The supreme council and highest ecclesiastical and judicial tribunal of the Jewish nation. It consisted of 71 members, composed of the chief priests, elders, and scribes, and held daily sessions, except on sabbaths and festivals: specifically styled the great sanhedrim, to distinguish it from the lesser or provincial sanhedrim of 23 members appointed by the great sanhedrim, and having jurisdiction over minor civil and criminal cases. Such lesser tribunals were set up in towns and villages having not fewer than 120 representative men, including a physician, a scribe, and a schoolmaster. The great sanhedrim is said in the Talmud to have had its origin in the appointment by Moses of 70 elders to assist him as magistrates and judges (Num. xi. 16). The Greek origin of the name, however, seems to indicate that the thing originated during the Macedonian supremacy in Palestine. The name was dropped under the presidency of Gamaliel IV. (a. d. 270-300), while the institution itself became extinct on the death of its last president, Gamaliel VI. (425).
    • n sanhedrim By extension, some similar assembly; a parliament.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Sanhedrim san′hē-drim the supreme ecclesiastical and judicial tribunal of the Jews down to 425 A.D.: any similar assembly, a parliament.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Heb. sanhedrīn, fr. Gr. ; with + a seat, fr. to sit. See Sit
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Heb. sanhedrin—Gr. synedrionsyn, together, hedra, a seat.

Usage

In literature:

It might be, perhaps, in the room of the great sanhedrim, where they assembled in a semi-circular form.
"Female Scripture Biographies, Vol. II" by Francis Augustus Cox
If St. Paul had escaped the Sanhedrim at Jerusalem, he would have been torn to pieces by the silversmiths at Ephesus.
"The Best of the World's Classics, Restricted to Prose, Vol. VI (of X)--Great Britain and Ireland IV" by Various
Stephen was arrested and led into the presence of the Sanhedrim.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Volume 03" by Various
CHRIST IN GETHSEMANE, AND BEFORE THE SANHEDRIM.
"The New Testament" by Various
Decisions taken by this assembly were to be submitted to a general Sanhedrim of all Europe.
"The Life of Napoleon Bonaparte" by William Milligan Sloane
Upon the order of Pilate the Sanhedrim met and cited Jesus to appear before its tribunal.
"The Unknown Life of Jesus Christ" by Nicolas Notovitch
Had he not feared exposure, he would have marched his cohort across the square and cleared it of the mob and defied the Sanhedrim.
"The Expositor's Bible: The Gospel of St John, Vol. II" by Marcus Dods
Refusal might be punished with stripes at the hand of the Sanhedrim.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 8" by Various
Finding it in Judas, he took him before the Sanhedrim.
"On the Cross" by Wilhelmine von Hillern
It was built at the instance of the Sanhedrim and the priests, to whom an abundance of water was a prime necessity.
"The Cradle of the Christ" by Octavius Brooks Frothingham
We sent him to the Sanhedrim at Fehervar, where, failing to stand the water test, he was burnt alive.
"'Midst the Wild Carpathians" by Mór Jókai
Thou must leave Judea, for the arm of the Sanhedrim is long.
"Saul of Tarsus" by Elizabeth Miller
The first was the strongest sect, and composed the majority in the Sanhedrim.
"Ancient Faiths And Modern A Dissertation upon Worships, Legends and Divinities" by Thomas Inman
But in later times the power of the Sanhedrim was undoubtedly great.
"Legal Lore" by Various
It appears that the Sanhedrim was divided on his account.
"Ecce Homo!" by Paul Henry Thiry Baron d' Holbach
The coward who had shrunk from before a maiden got courage to defy a whole Sanhedrim.
"The Expositor's Bible: The First Book of Samuel" by W. G. Blaikie
Let Sanhedrims be taught to give their own.
"The Age of Dryden" by Richard Garnett
THE SANHEDRIM AT JERUSALEM.
"Curiosities of Christian History" by Croake James
In Mark the charges before the Sanhedrim are the same as in Matthew with some slight verbal changes (Mark XIV:53-66).
"The Real Jesus of the Four Gospels" by J. B. Atwater
He took upon himself to reduce the power of Hyrcanus, and made new arrangements relating to the Sanhedrim or Jewish Senate.
"Synopsis of Jewish History" by Henry A. Henry
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