Sambucus

Definitions

  • Sambucus Canadensis, L
    Sambucus Canadensis, L
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Sambucus elder; elderberry
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Sambucus (Bot) A genus of shrubs and trees; the elder.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n sambucus A genus of gamopetalous trees and shrubs, the elders, type of the tribe Sambuceæ, order Caprifoliaceæ, the honey-suckle family. It is characterized by corymbose or thyrsoid flowers having wheel-shaped corollas, five entire stamens, and an ovary with three, four, or five cells, each with a single pendulous ovule, followed in fruit by a berry-like drupe with three, four, or five small stones. It is distinguished from the related genus Viburnum by its more fleshy fruit, with more than one seed, and by its pinnately divided leaves. It includes 10 or 12 species, natives of temperate regions (except South Africa), also found upon mountains within the tropics. They are shrubs or trees, rarely perennial herbs, with rather thick and pithy branches, opposite pinnate leaves with toothed leaflets, and small white, yellow, or pinkish flowers in flat corymbs or in dense rounded masses. Among the large species is S. glauca of the western United States, a tree 25 feet high, the large blue-black fruit edible; also S. Mexicana of the southwest, 18 feet high. The flowers of Sambucus Canadensis are excitant and sudorific, the berries diaphoretic and aperient; the inspissated juice is used in rheumatism and syphilis, and as a laxative; the inner bark and juice of root is a hydragogue cathartic, emetic in large doses; the young leaf-buds are a violent purgative. For common species of the genus, see elder, elderberry, Judas-tree, 3, and danewort; see also bloodwort, bour-tree, and hautboy, 2.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Sambucus sam-bū′kus a genus of gamopetalous trees and shrubs of the honeysuckle family—the elders.
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L., an elder tree
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L.

Usage

In literature:

The symbol of I. Kevenheder, a Carinthian baron, saith Sambucus.
"The Anatomy of Melancholy" by Democritus Junior
I observed likewise an arborescent Sambucus, a Bonnaya, a huge Begonia: Coix was seen cultivated.
"Journals of Travels in Assam, Burma, Bhootan, Afghanistan and TheNeighbouring Countries" by William Griffith
Saw an elder tree (sambucus) near Nice, fifteen inches in diameter, and eight feet stem.
"Memoir, Correspondence, And Miscellanies, From The Papers Of Thomas Jefferson" by Thomas Jefferson
Sambucus Ebulus (Dwarf Elder) .
"Handbook to the Severn Valley Railway Illustrative and Descriptive of Places along the Line from Worcester to Shrewsbury" by J. Randall
Even the native elderberry, Sambucus canadensis, was killed back in many cases.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the Twenty-Fifth Annual Meeting" by Northern Nut Growers Association
Sambucus nigra pendula (Weeping Elder).
"Trees and Shrubs for English Gardens" by Ernest Thomas Cook
The sap of May was flowing in the reeds and rushes, in the sambucus and tamarisk.
"King of Camargue" by Jean Aicard
Sambucus Canadensis L. Honey suckle family.
"Texas Honey Plants" by C. E. Sanborn
***