Salmon

Definitions

  • Doran-donn brings the salmon to Covan the Brown-haired
    Doran-donn brings the salmon to Covan the Brown-haired
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj salmon of orange tinged with pink
    • n salmon any of various large food and game fishes of northern waters; usually migrate from salt to fresh water to spawn
    • n salmon a pale pinkish orange color
    • n salmon flesh of any of various marine or freshwater fish of the family Salmonidae
    • n Salmon a tributary of the Snake River in Idaho
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Atlantic salmon can jump as high as 4.5 meters out of the water
    • Salmon A reddish yellow or orange color, like the flesh of the salmon.
    • Salmon (Zoöl) Any one of several species of fishes of the genus Salmo and allied genera. The common salmon (Salmo salar) of Northern Europe and Eastern North America, and the California salmon, or quinnat, are the most important species. They are extensively preserved for food. See Quinnat.
    • a Salmon Of a reddish yellow or orange color, like that of the flesh of the salmon.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: A salmon with two mouths, two sets of teeth and two tongues was caught by Bob Bateman of Canada
    • n salmon A fish of the genus Salmo (S. salar), found in all the northern parts of Europe, America, and Asia. The salmon is both a marine and a fresh-water fish. Its normal locality may be said to be off the mouth or estuary of the larger rivers, whence, in the season of sexual excitement, it ascends to the spawning-beds, which are frequently far inland, near the head-waters of the rivers. On reaching the spawning-station, the female by means of her tail makes a furrow in the gravelly bed of the river, in which she deposits her spawn or eggs, numbering many thousands, which, when impregnated by the male accompanying her, she carefully covers up by rapid sweeps of her tail. At this season the snout of the male undergoes a strange transformation, the under jaw becoming hooked upward with a cartilaginous excrescence, which is used as a weapon in the combats which are frequent when two or more males attach themselves to one female. In this condition he is known as a kipper. The time occupied in spawning is from three to twelve days, and the season extends from the end of autumn till spring. After spawning, the salmon, both male and female, die or go to sea under the name of spent fish, foul fish, or kelts, the females being further distinguished as shedders or baggits. In from 80 to 140 days the young fish hatches from the egg. Then it is about five eighths of an inch long. In this embryonic state it is nourished from a vitellicle, or umbilical vesicle, suspended under the belly, containing the red yolk of the egg and oil-globules, to be absorbed later. When about fifty days old it is about an inch in length, and becomes a samlet or parr (see cut under parr.) It continues in the shallows of its native stream till the following spring, when it is from 3 to 4 inches long and is known as the May parr. It now descends into deeper parts of the river, where the weaker fish remain till the end of the second spring, the stronger ones till the end of the first spring only. When the season of its migration arrives, generally the month of May or June, the fins have become darker, and the fish has assumed a silvery hue. It is now known as a smolt or salmon-fry. The smolts now congregate into shoals and proceed leisurely seaward. On reaching the estuary they remain in its brackish water for a short time, and then proceed to the open sea. Of their life there nothing is known, except that they grow with such rapidity that a fish which reaches the estuary weighing, it may be, not more than 2 ounces, may return to it from the sea, after a few months, as a grilse, weighing 8 or 10 pounds. A grilse under 2 pounds is called a salmon-peal. In between two and three years the grilse becomes a salmon. The salmon returns in preference to the river in which it passed its earlier existence. It has been known to grow to the weight of 83 pounds; more generally it weighs from 15 to 25 pounds. It furnishes a delicious dish for the table, and is an important article of commerce. Its flesh is of a pinkish-orange color. The synonyms of salmon are very numerous. Nearly or quite exact local ones are mort, simen, sprod. Salmon under two years old, which have not entered the sea, are generally called parr, pink, and smolt, or, more locally, black-fin, brandling, brood, cocksper, fingerling, ginkin, graveling, gravel-laspring, hepper, jerkin, laspring, salmon-fry, salmon-spring, samlet, skegger, skerling, smelt, sparling, sprag. One which has returned from the sea a second time is a gerling; one which has remained in fresh water during summer is a laurel; a milter, or spawning male, may be called a gib-fish or summer-cock. In the Ribble, in Willughby's time, a two-year old salmon was called sprod; a supposed three-year fish mort, or perhaps pug; a four-year fish, a forktail; a five-year fish, a half-fish, and a six-year one, a salmon specifically.
    • n salmon One of various fishes of the same family as the above, but of different genera. Some of these species are recognizable by an increased number of the anal rays (14 to 20), and by the fact that the jaws in the males at the breeding-season become peculiarly developed and hooked. They form the genus Oncorhynchus, and are collectively called Pacific salmon. Five such species occur in the North Pacific.
    • n salmon One of various fishes, not of the family Salmonidæ, suggestive of or mistaken for a salmon. A sciænoid fish, Cynoscion maculatus. See squeteague.
    • n salmon The upper bricks in a kiln, which in firing receive the least heat: so called from their color.
    • salmon To sicken or poison with salmon, as dogs.
    • n salmon See sauqui.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The only three non-Presidents pictured on U.S. paper money are: Alexander Hamilton on the $10 bill, Benjamin Franklin on the $100 bill, and Salmon Chase on the $10,000 bill.
    • n Salmon sam′un a large fish, brownish above, with silvery sides, the delicate flesh reddish-orange in colour—ascending rivers to spawn: the upper bricks in a kiln which receive the least heat
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. saumoun, salmon, F. saumon, fr. L. salmo, salmonis, perhaps from salire, to leap. Cf. Sally (v.)
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. saulmon—L. salmo, from salīre, to leap.

Usage

In literature:

The salmon fishery commences about the middle of July, and ceases in October.
"Handbook to the new Gold-fields" by R. M. Ballantyne
Eleven and a half pounds of fighting salmon!
"Journeys Through Bookland, Vol. 7" by Charles H. Sylvester
His modesty forbade him to hint "a salmon," even to himself.
"Freaks on the Fells" by R.M. Ballantyne
He cut the top from a can of salmon and thawed out his bread on the top of the dirty stove.
"The Promise" by James B. Hendryx
Salmon Roe is such a destructive bait for nearly all kinds of fish, and Trout in particular, that I know nothing comparable to it.
"The Teesdale Angler" by R Lakeland
They leaped well, those little salmon, flashing clean out of the water again and again with silvery gleams.
"Days Off" by Henry Van Dyke
The name of the man was Small Salmon.
"A Treasury of Eskimo Tales" by Clara Kern Bayliss
The salmon- or sea-trout will be dealt with under salmon.
"Amateur Fish Culture" by Charles Edward Walker
Thor, not noticing that what he did was unbecoming to a refined maiden, ate eight salmon right away.
"The Children of Odin" by Padraic Colum
Canned salmon is the largest fish export of the United States.
"Commercial Geography" by Jacques W. Redway
For I am not a fish; I am no salmon of the Northern Seas, but Youkahainen's youngest sister.
"Finnish Legends for English Children" by R. Eivind
No, there she comes; it's the first salmon run, and they're all hungry for fish.
"The Young Alaskans" by Emerson Hough
A large salmon swimming by snapped him up in a minute.
"Children's Literature" by Charles Madison Curry
And when the daylight came, Tom found himself out in the salmon river.
"The Water-Babies" by Charles Kingsley
As he would have slit the salmon.
"Kalevala, Volume I (of 2)" by Anonymous
The old gentleman held the bird for us himself, and I promised him a dried salmon.
"Hopes and Fears scenes from the life of a spinster" by Charlotte M. Yonge
Well, that didn't save the salmon.
"The Young Alaskans on the Missouri" by Emerson Hough
The salmon weir at Galway is worth a long journey to see.
"Ireland as It Is" by Robert John Buckley (AKA R.J.B.)
H. (T. H.) on salmon fisheries, 343.
"Notes and Queries, Index of Volume 5, January-June, 1852" by Various
The regular menu at all meals was bacon, salmon, bread, and coffee.
"The Cariboo Trail" by Agnes C. Laut
***

In poetry:

A cunning woman lived hard by,
A sorceressing dame,
MACCATACOMB DE SALMON-EYE
Was her uncommon name.
"The Cunning Woman" by William Schwenck Gilbert
Silent it sleeps now;
Great ships shall seek it,
Swarming as salmon;
Noise of its numbers
Two seas shall hear.
"The Voyage To Vinland: Bioern's Beckoners" by James Russell Lowell
You make the bright sun bless my head,
Put ice beneath my feet,
Send salmon swarming in the tides,
Give crops of wheat.
"Christ's Bounty" by Anonymous Irish
I have dreams of a sliding river--
Shannon--under the stars and sun;
I have dreams how the oar-blades quiver,
And the silvery salmon run.
"The Cripple" by Clinton Scollard
There the trout do sport and play
During the live-long summer day;
Also plenty of salmon are there to be seen,
Glittering like silver in the sun's sheen.
"Beautiful Balmoral" by William Topaz McGonagall
From sea to stream the salmon roam;
Sing heigh-ho!
From sea to stream the salmon roam;
Each finds a mate, and leads her home;
Sing heigh-ho, and heigh-ho!
Young maids must marry.
"Sing Heigh-Ho!" by Charles Kingsley

In news:

Tom Healy holds the 41-pound, 7-ounce, 43.75-inch-long brown trout he caught while fishing for salmon on the Manistee River on Wednesday.
Lake Michigan's Chinook salmon are doing so well that Michigan has decided to sharply reduce its stocking of the popular game fish.
Local News Chinook Salmon Management in Similkameen River By NCBI Sep 24, 2012, 13:42.
Still pulling in chinook salmon on the Klamath.
Lake Michigan fishermen reeling in Chinook salmon at high rate.
Chinook salmon may have record run on the Klamath.
Kenai River Chinook Salmon Fishery Closure Begins Monday.
The US Fish and Wildlife service has announced all subsistence fishing on the Kenai river for Chinook salmon will close on Monday.
The crew was setting up a weir, or submerged fence, to divert salmon past underwater cameras so they could be counted.
Ayakulik River Chinook Salmon 20+ pounds caught on.
My grandson, 7 year old Damon, went fishing with his grandpa (my husband) Frank Harper and reeled in his first ever Chinook Salmon last weekend.
Dismantling of dam on White Salmon River moves toward target of Aug 31.
Rafters use a rebuilt take-out ramp from the White Salmon River on Wednesday at Northwestern Lake Park, a few miles upstream of Condit Dam.
Salmon fillet, poached 1½ cups fresh asparagus sliced into 1-inch pieces 1 cup fresh blueberries ½ cup almonds or walnuts, toasted as needed for garnish, lemon zest.
1 (11/2 -pound) salmon fillet, skin on and pinbones removed.
***

In science:

In 1862, Salmon ([20, §543]) showed that, over C, the corresponding cubic surface is smooth if and only if a certain polynomial discs (a, b, c, d, e) ∈ A is non-zero.
The discriminant and the determinant of a hypersurface of even dimension
In the case where the characteristic of k is not 3, this is equivalent to [11, Theorem 2.12] which is stated in terms of the Salmon discriminant discsf .
The discriminant and the determinant of a hypersurface of even dimension
While the Weyl generator itself certainly is not good enough as a RNG meeting today’s standards, one might wonder whether there are better generators based on the same idea. A number of functions designed along these lines have been recently discussed by Salmon et al. in Ref. .
Random number generators for massively parallel simulations on GPU
Salmon, W. C. [1989]: Four Decades of Scientific Explanation.
Causes and Explanations: A Structural-Model Approach. Part II: Explanations
Its tree algorithm is designed for fast traversal on parallel systems (Warren & Salmon 1993,1995) and has been shown to scale well up to high processor number on a wide variety of computer architectures.
SNSPH: A Parallel 3-D Smoothed Particle Radiation Hydrodynamics Code
Salmon & Warren (1994) analyzed the worst-case behavior of several different MACs and developed a technique to determine a strict upper limit on the errors in each acceleration calculation.
SNSPH: A Parallel 3-D Smoothed Particle Radiation Hydrodynamics Code
Here we discuss just the basic computational issues, focusing on our tree algorithm (see also Warren & Salmon 1993, 1995) and the basic parallelization issues arising from use of this tree.
SNSPH: A Parallel 3-D Smoothed Particle Radiation Hydrodynamics Code
Warren & Salmon 1993, 1995), in which each node in the tree can have up to eight “daughter” nodes below it.
SNSPH: A Parallel 3-D Smoothed Particle Radiation Hydrodynamics Code
The SNSPH code is built upon the parallel tree code of Warren & Salmon (1993,1995).
SNSPH: A Parallel 3-D Smoothed Particle Radiation Hydrodynamics Code
Salmon, R.: Lectures on Geophysical Fluid Dynamics.
Recent Developments in Understanding Two-dimensional Turbulence and the Nastrom-Gage Spectrum
We mention that (20)-(21) may be viewed as an one-dimensional “wave-advection” extension of the Lorenz-96 model under a quasi-geostrophic scaling regime with ε being proportional to the Rossby number and Bu = α2 being the Burger number (Salmon, 1999).
A mollified Ensemble Kalman filter
It is then classical (see for instance Salmon [Sal]) that Qp is the polar conic of p with respect to E - recall that if p = (x0 ; y0 ; z0 ) ∈ E then the polar conic of p with respect to E is given by the equation x0Ex + y0Ey + z0Ez = 0. 4.14.
Formulas for the arithmetic geometric mean of curves of genus 3
Salmon : A treatise on the higher plane curves, troisi`eme ´edition, Chelsea, (1879).
Formulas for the arithmetic geometric mean of curves of genus 3
The simulation volume is bisected recursively along orthogonal directions, each bisection is carried out in such a way that the computational load is equal on both sides(Salmon, 1991; Dubinski, 1996; Springel, Yoshida, and White, 2001).
A Parallel TreePM Code
Bisection of the simulation volume is carried out in a method similar to that outlined by Salmon (1991).
A Parallel TreePM Code
***