Salep

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Salep săl"ĕp The dried tubers of various species of Orchis, and Eulophia. It is used to make a nutritious beverage by treating the powdered preparation with hot water.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n salep A drug consisting of the decorticated and dried tubers of numerous orchidaceous plants, chiefly of the genus Orchis. It is composed of small hard, horny bodies, oval or ovoid in form or sometimes palmate, in different degrees translucent, and nearly scentless and tasteless. Orchis Morio and O. mascula are perhaps the leading species yielding the rounded kinds, and O. latifolia the chief source of the palmate. Species of Eulophia are assigned as sources of salep in India. The salep of the European market is prepared chiefly in Asia Minor, and in small quantities in Germany; that of the Indian market is from Persia and Tibet, or local. Salep contains 48 per cent. of mucilage and 30 per cent. of starch; it is largely insoluble in water, but swells up when steeped. In the East it is highly esteemed as a nervine restorative and fattener; but it appears to have no other properties than those of a nutrient and demulcent. In Europe it is chiefly used in making a variously seasoned demulcent drink. It is a suitable food for convalescents, etc., like tapioca and sago. It is prepared for use by pulverizing and boiling. In America it is but little known.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Salep sal′ep the dried tubers of Orchis mascula: the food prepared from it
    • Salep Also Sal′op
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Ar. sahleb, perhaps a corruption of an Arabic word for fox, one Ar. name of the orchis signifying literally, fox's testicles: cf. F. salep,

Usage

In literature:

Oriental salep is procured from other orchideoe.
"The Commercial Products of the Vegetable Kingdom" by P. L. Simmonds
Salep is now almost entirely disused in Great Britain; but we remember many saloop-stalls in our streets.
"Club Life of London, Volume II (of 2)" by John Timbs
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