Sakharov

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Sakharov Soviet physicist and dissident; helped develop the first Russian hydrogen bomb; advocated nuclear disarmament and campaigned for human rights (1921-1989)
    • ***

Usage


In news:

Russian rights activist and widow of Andrei Sakharov was 88.
People & Events Andrei Sakharov , (1921 - 1989).
A lawyer and a film director -- were awarded the 2012 Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought.
Iranian lawyer and filmmaker win EU's Sakharov Prize.
Two Iranian dissidents _ a lawyer and a film director _ were awarded the 2012 Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought.
Russia's Pussy Riot picked as finalist for Sakharov EU human rights prize.
BRUSSELS – The European Parliament has included the Russian punk band Pussy Riot among its finalists for the European Union's annual Sakharov human rights prize.
STRASBOURG, France—Two Iranian dissidents—a lawyer and a film director—were awarded the 2012 Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought.
Andrei Sakharov is often called the "father of the Soviet hydrogen bomb," but most people know him as one of the twentieth century's most ardent and unrelenting champions of human rights and freedoms.
Gorbachev, the most powerful symbol of authority in the Soviet Union, met in the Kremlin today with Andrei D Sakharov , the Nobel laureate once made an outcast here for defending the rights of the individual.
Lech Walesa and Andrei D Sakharov, two Nobel Peace Prize laureates from Communist Europe, arrived here today to join in commemorating the 40th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of the Rights of Man.
There would be a Hall of Infamy with a piece of the Berlin wall, a re-creation of the gulag and a Hall of Heroes with statues of anti-Communists like Ronald Reagan and Andrei D Sakharov.
A pair of Iranian dissidents—a jailed human rights lawyer and a banned filmmaker - were named winners Friday of the European Parliament 's prestigious Sakharov Prize.
Iranian dissidents win 2012 Sakharov Prize .
The European Parliament awarded the Sakharov prize Friday to Nasrin Sotoudeh and Jafar Panahi.
***

In science:

Sakharov, Violation of CP Invariance, c Asymmetry, and Baryon Asymmetry of the Universe, Pisma Zh.
Chern-Simons Modified General Relativity
For baryogenesis one needs the three famous Sakharov conditions: B violation, CP violation and no thermal equilibrium.
Status of Neutrino Masses and Mixing in 2010
Visser, Sakharov’s induced gravity: a modern perspective Mod.
Physics as quantum information processing
During this non-equilibirum process, all Sakharov conditions are fulfilled: Baryon number is violated by SM sphalerons , and the oscillations amongst the sterile neutrinos violate CP .
Dark Matter, Baryogenesis and Neutrino Oscillations from Right Handed Neutrinos
During the resulting freezeout the Sakharov conditions are again fulfilled and a new asymmetries are generated.
Dark Matter, Baryogenesis and Neutrino Oscillations from Right Handed Neutrinos
Sakharov, Violation of CP Invariance, c Asymmetry, and Baryon Asymmetry of the Universe, Pisma Zh.
Dark Matter, Baryogenesis and Neutrino Oscillations from Right Handed Neutrinos
Because of the sphaleron processes, lepton number violation can replace baryon number violation in Sakharov’s conditions for baryogenesis.
Leptogenesis: Theory and Neutrino Masses
This makes N1 , the lightest of them, an ideal candidate for baryogenesis, in accord with Sakharov’s condition of departure from thermal equilibrium.
Leptogenesis: Theory and Neutrino Masses
The standard model possesses 2 of the Sakharov conditions necessary for baryogenesis: it violates C and CP and it violates baryon number, B.
Summary Talk at the 3rd KEK Topical Conference on CP Violation
Such Ma jorana masses change lepton number by two units and therefore are ideal for generating a lepton asymmetry if Sakharov’s other two conditions are met.
Present and Future Aspects of CP Violation
Thorn, “Reformulating String Theory with the 1/N Expansion,” in Sakharov Memorial Lectures in Physics, Ed. L. V.
Bits of String and Bits of Branes
Sakharov 1 on baryon asymmetry of the universe.
Baryogenesis, 30 Years after
The work by Sakharov remained unnoticed for several years, except for a paper by Kuzmin 2 in 1970, where a somewhat different realization of the Sakharov’s ideas was considered.
Baryogenesis, 30 Years after
In the next four Sections the general picture and the three Sakharov’s conditions are discussed.
Baryogenesis, 30 Years after
Fursaev, Mechanism of Generation of Black Hole Entropy in Sakharov’s Induced Gravity, Phys.
Black Hole Thermodynamics Today
***