Root and branch

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Root and branch every part; wholly; completely; as, to destroy an error root and branch .
    • Root and branch totally, wholly.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Root and branch thoroughly—used also adjectively, as in a 'root-and-branch' policy
    • Root and branch completely
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Quotations

  • Bhagavad Gita
    Bhagavad Gita
    “Sages speak of the immutable Tree of Life, with its tape root above and its branches below.”

Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Scand.; Ice. rót; Dan. rod; Goth. waurts, A.S. wyrt.

Usage

In literature:

Contrive to spoil it, root and branch.
"A Hundred Fables of La Fontaine" by Jean de La Fontaine
It really seemed that our business was establishing itself root and branch.
"New Treasure Seekers" by E. (Edith) Nesbit
Nay, in each tree, root, trunk, branch, all will be Proud to serve him and his posterity.
"On the Portraits of English Authors on Gardening," by Samuel Felton
Mill would cut down the moral sense root and branch.
"The English Utilitarians, Volume II (of 3)" by Leslie Stephen
They will then notice the branching roots of some plants and the long conical roots of others.
"Ontario Teachers' Manuals: Nature Study" by Ontario Ministry of Education
I want to dig up the rotten municipal control of this city, root and branch.
"The Making of Bobby Burnit" by George Randolph Chester
The whole is covered with branches, straw, and roots of the Agave tree.
"Travels in Peru, on the Coast, in the Sierra, Across the Cordilleras and the Andes, into the Primeval Forests" by J. J. von Tschudi
His trees seem to have roots, and their branches to be full of sap.
"Luca Signorelli" by Maud Cruttwell
Then I went back and piled into a pyramid every fragment of root and trunk and broken branch.
"Wild Life on the Rockies" by Enos A. Mills
Then the tempest raged in his brain as a cyclone rages through the trees, twisting off the branches and pulling up the roots.
"A Man's Value to Society" by Newell Dwight Hillis
Cut them off root and branch who have despoiled thy people Israel.
"Sir Henry Morgan, Buccaneer" by Cyrus Townsend Brady
He had a bold, forward-looking mind, and was in favour of root-and-branch changes.
"War Letters of a Public-School Boy" by Henry Paul Mainwaring Jones
By her side lay a branch with beautiful ripe berries and a bundle of sweet-tasting roots.
"Boys and Girls Bookshelf (Vol 2 of 17)" by Various
As no fertilisers are used, these roots and branches at best make a very poor substitute.
"The Story of the Cotton Plant" by Frederick Wilkinson
On the other hand, to destroy them root and branch may be leaving Scotland naked to her enemy.
"A Prince of Good Fellows" by Robert Barr
I plow deep, and plant large two-year-old trees, shallow, and mound up; shorten roots and branches.
"The Apple" by Various
If all the Borsons, root and branch, were gone to their father the devil, it would be a pleasure to me.
"Prisoners of Conscience" by Amelia Edith Huddleston Barr
Every fagot in the pile had taken root and shot out branches, and a great high hedge of red roses had arisen.
"Favorite Fairy Tales" by Various
Numbers of young trees had been torn up by the roots, and great branches twisted off the larger trees.
"The Young Colonists" by G.A. Henty
Say it is a lie; stamp it out, root and branch; that is what you want to do.
"The Overcoming Life" by Dwight Moody
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In poetry:

I gave my heart to a woman –
I gave it her, branch and root.
She bruised, she wrung, she tortured,
She cast it under foot.
"I Gave My Heart To A Woman" by William Ernest Henley
The deep roots whisper,
The branches say:—
"Love to-morrow,
And love to-day,
And till Heaven's day,
And till Heaven's day."
"The Spice-Tree" by Vachel Lindsay
And lo! he vanished from the ground,
Destroyed by hands unseen;
Nor root, nor branch, nor leaf was found
Where all that pride had been.
"Psalm 37 part 3" by Isaac Watts
Yet, even in genial sun and rain,
Root, branch, and leaflet fail and fade;
The wanderer on its lonely plain
Erelong shall miss its shade.
"My Thanks," by John Greenleaf Whittier
Fair Branch, ordained of old to shoot
From David's stock, from Jacob's root;
Himself a noble vine, and we
The lesser branches of the tree.
"Psalm 80" by Isaac Watts
Woodpigeons cooed there, stockdoves nestled there;
My trees were full of songs and flowers and fruit,
Their branches spread a city to the air
And mice lodged in their root.
"From House To House" by Christina Georgina Rossetti

In news:

Galls are tumorous growths on leaves, stems, branches, trunks, and roots caused, sometimes, by other plants.
The Gun and the Olive Branch: The Roots of Violence in the Middle East by David Hirst Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 367 pp.
The game is similar to field hockey and entails whacking around a ball-like knob of apricot root with long wooden branches.
We have a moment in time in which it is possible to demonstrate, starkly, that statism does not work, and therefore that it ought to be removed root and branch .
Johnson & Johnson dumped Aegis Group's Carat as it began a root-and-branch review of its media planning and buying assignments, according to Advertising Age.
'Root & Branch' at Princeton explores a fundamental shape in art and life: Trees.
The addition to Forestville-Mystery Cave State Park and the South Branch of the Root River, looking east.
As they move, they push over trees to get to their branches and roots, helping maintain the grasslands, and they use their tusks and trunks to dig for water, creating pools that many other animals need to survive.
Sully Erna, best known as singer and main songwriter of acclaimed rock band Godsmack, is branching out from his rock roots this year with his debut solo album, Avalon, which is set for release on Universal Records September 14th, 2010.
With Roots Above and Branche.
SAN CARLOS, CA (BRAIN)—Ritchey Design is branching out from its cross-country and racing roots with a new line of cockpit components designed for longer-travel trail bikes.
Do we need a root-and-branch reform of healthcare in America.
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In science:

We observe that Bm β ,n,x is a function of the branching random walk killed below V (wl ) and therefore is independant of the subtree rooted at wtl .
Convergence in law for the branching random walk seen from its tip
The branching random walk rooted at x ∈ Ω(ωl ) has the same law under P and Q.
Convergence in law for the branching random walk seen from its tip
Moreover, X ∗n + 1 represents the number of cuts that appears on the reduced tree Tn until a mark appears on the branch attached to the root which reduces the tree to a trivial one consisting of the root and a single branch attached to it.
Record process on the Continuum Random Tree
Now, let T be a rooted tree, G = Aut(T ), and B be the set of all cofinal branches in T .
Rooted trees, strong cofinality and ample generics
Again, the roots µ are functions of ω and we can calculate the branches δ(ω) = − ln |µ(ω)| + ln r, where ψ and φ drop out.
Synchronizability of networks with strongly delayed links: A universal classification
Then X + q contains the root of the original branching process with probability 1 − λ, and is empty otherwise.
The Diameter of Weighted Random Graphs
We provide analytical solutions for two types of random walk: generic random walk (GRW) and maximal entropy random walk (MERW) on a Cayley tree with arbitrary branching number, root degree, and number of generations.
Exact Solution for Statics and Dynamics of Maximal Entropy Random Walk on Cayley Trees
In general, we find that there are three regimes of a tree structure resulting in different statics and dynamics of MERW; these correspond to strongly, critically, and weakly branched roots.
Exact Solution for Statics and Dynamics of Maximal Entropy Random Walk on Cayley Trees
The branches of the square roots and other noninteger powers here are assumed to have cuts looking in negative direction along the real line.
Asymptotics of Random Lozenge Tilings via Gelfand-Tsetlin Schemes
The Bellman-Harris branching process is called critical indecomposable if the Perron root of M (i.e. eigenvalue having the maximal modulus) equals 1 and for some integer n all elements of M n are positive (see, e.g., , Ch.4, Sec.6 and 7).
Asymptotic Behavior of Local Particles Numbers in Branching Random Walk
We study affine extension of splint root system of simple Lie algebra and obtain relations on theta and branching functions.
On affine extension of splint root systems
Galois conjugation by ν (cid:48) -roots of unity and hence it is a convergent series in C{x, y}, that is, a union of branches.
Kummer covers and braid monodromy
Indeed, we can see in Fig. 4A that activation can propagate from the root over the subtrees with the small branching factors, but the front fails to propagate through the subtrees with node degrees 5 and 6.
Traveling and pinned fronts in bistable reaction-diffusion systems on network
The magic ball becomes the root and every branch of the tree is what in Hoppe’s urn model is the colour.
Hoppe trees, random recursive sets and their barycentre
The transition function has to be altered to cope with unbounded branching, and the acceptance condition needs to take account of the sequence of states in the roots of all the trees in the forest.
Wreath Products of Forest Algebras, with Applications to Tree Logics
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