• WordNet 3.6
    • adj Roman of or relating to or derived from Rome (especially ancient Rome) "Roman architecture","the old Roman wall"
    • adj Roman relating to or characteristic of people of Rome "Roman virtues","his Roman bearing in adversity","a Roman nose"
    • adj Roman of or relating to or supporting Romanism "the Roman Catholic Church"
    • adj Roman characteristic of the modern type that most directly represents the type used in ancient Roman inscriptions
    • n roman a typeface used in ancient Roman inscriptions
    • n Roman a resident of modern Rome
    • n Roman an inhabitant of the ancient Roman Empire
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

The Roman Road at Ockley The Roman Road at Ockley
In an old Roman cellar In an old Roman cellar
Reproach. Old Roman Reproach. Old Roman
The Roman soldiers massacre the druids The Roman soldiers massacre the druids
Roman mask Roman mask

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Roman emperor Commodus was at one time going to change the name of Rome to Colonia Commodiana
    • Roman A native, or permanent resident, of Rome; a citizen of Rome, or one upon whom certain rights and privileges of a Roman citizen were conferred.
    • Roman (Print) Expressed in letters, not in figures, as I., IV., i., iv., etc.; -- said of numerals, as distinguished from the Arabic numerals, 1, 4, etc.
    • Roman Of or pertaining to Rome, or the Roman people; like or characteristic of Rome, the Roman people, or things done by Romans; as, Roman fortitude; a Roman aqueduct; Roman art.
    • Roman Of or pertaining to the Roman Catholic religion; professing that religion.
    • Roman Roman type, letters, or print, collectively; -- in distinction from Italics.
    • Roman (Print) Upright; erect; -- said of the letters or kind of type ordinarily used, as distinguished from Italic characters.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Ancient Romans at one time used human urine as an ingredient in their toothpaste
    • roman Of or pertaining to ancient or modern Rome, or the people, institutions, or characteristics of Rome.
    • roman Hence Having some attribute deemed especially characteristic of the ancient Romans; noble; distinguished; brave; hardy; patriotic; stern.
    • roman Pertaining to Rome ecclesiastically; of or pertaining to the Church of Rome; papal.
    • roman [lowercase or cap.] Noting a form of letter or type of which the text of this book is an example. It is the form preferred for books and newspapers by the Latin races and by English-speaking peoples. Three series are used conjointly in printing: capitals, which are copies of Old Latin lapidary letters; small capitals, a medieval Italian fashion, first made in type by Aldus Manutius in 1501; and minuscule or lower-case letters, first made in type by Sweinheim and Pannartz at Subiaco in 1465, and afterward, of better form, by Jenson at Venice in 1471.
    • roman Synonyms Roman, Latin. Roman naturally applies to that which is especially associated or connected with the city, Rome; Latin to that which similarly belongs to the district, Latium. Hence, we speak of Roman power, fortitude, administration; the Roman church; the Latin language. Nearly all the use of Latin has grown out of its application to the language: as, Latin grammar; a Latin idiom; the Latin Church. The words are not interchangeable.
    • n roman A native or an inhabitant of Rome, the capital of Italy, and chief city of the ancient Roman empire.
    • n roman A person enjoying the freedom or citizenship of ancient Rome.
    • n roman A member or an adherent of the Church of Rome; a Romanist.
    • n roman [lowercase] A roman letter or type, in distinction from an italic.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Romans, in the third century, believed that the lemon was an antidote for all poisons
    • adj Roman rō′man pertaining to Rome or to the Romans: pertaining to the Roman Catholic religion, papal:
    • n Roman a native or citizen of Rome: a Romanist in religion: a Roman letter or type
    • v.i Roman to conform to Roman Catholic opinions or practices: to print in Roman letters
    • adj Roman rō′man (print.) noting the letters commonly used, as opposed to Italics: written in letters (as IV.), not in figures (as 4)
    • ***


  • Bible
    “For the good that I would I do not: but the evil which I would not, that I do. [(Romans 7:19]”
  • Bible
    “For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made... [Romans 1:20]”
  • Thomas Jefferson
    “I think with the Romans, that the general of today should be a soldier tomorrow if necessary.”
  • Bible
    “None of us liveth to himself, and no man dieth to himself. [Romans 14:7]”
  • John Greenleaf Whittier
    “Here Greek and Roman find themselves alive along these crowded shelves; and Shakespeare treads again his stage, and Chaucer paints anew his age.”
  • Bible
    “Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. [Roman 13:9]”


When in Rome, do as the Romans do - This idiom means that when you are visiting a different place or culture, you should try to follow their customs and practices.


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. Romanus, fr. Roma, Rome: cf. F. romain,. Cf. Romaic Romance Romantic
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. RomanusRoma, Rome.


In literature:

Gibson, also, bears his testimony to the stimulus of the Roman environment.
"Italy, the Magic Land" by Lilian Whiting
I employ ten people, all Roman Catholics, some of them with me for twenty-five years.
"Ireland as It Is" by Robert John Buckley (AKA R.J.B.)
"Architecture" by Thomas Roger Smith
Probably the ancient frescoes which served as models were originally painted by Greek artists and their Roman imitators.
"Needlework As Art" by Marian Alford
It became a Roman colony in 78 B.C., and many Roman fragments have been found which attest its splendour and prosperity under the Empire.
"The Shores of the Adriatic" by F. Hamilton Jackson
The Greek and Roman family was strongly organized.
"History of Human Society" by Frank W. Blackmar
The Roman blood, then, in Britain seems to have been inconsiderable, even when we class as Roman everything which was other than British.
"The Ethnology of the British Islands" by Robert Gordon Latham
Speculative politics had no attraction for the grim and practical genius of the Romans.
"The History of Freedom" by John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton
The reader cannot fail to remark the resemblance of these ideas to some of those of the Roman Church.
"History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, Volume I (of 2)" by John William Draper
He then professed that he died a Roman Catholic, and begged all Roman Catholics present to pray for him.
"Old and New London" by Walter Thornbury

In poetry:

My name is Finis,
Finis, Finis,
I am Finis,
Six, five, four, three, two,
One Roman,
"Tenuous and Precarious" by Stevie Smith
Clap on clap, down-crashing,
Clatter crowd on crowd,
From Venetia's dungeons,
From the Roman shroud;
"Invocation" by Mathilde Blind
Virginius, the Roman Father,
With beating heart, though brave,
Beheld his fair Virginia doomed,
To be a tyrant's slave.
"Liberty Or Death" by James Madison Bell
There be more things within that far-off breast,
Whereon the flowers grow
Of the boy poet, in his Roman rest,
Than hearts like ours can know.
"John Keats" by Alexander Anderson
Then, 'twas before my time, the Roman
At yonder heaving hill would stare;
The blood that warms an English yeoman,
The thoughts that hurt him, they were there.
"XXXI: Wenlock Edge" by A E Housman
You who are close to my heart always,
I welcome you, ancient coffins of stone,
which the cheerful water of Roman days
still flows through, like a wandering song.
"The Sonnets To Orpheus: X" by Rainer Maria Rilke

In news:

Wythe Hotel Open May 1 Andrew Tarlow, of Marlow & Sons and Roman's, has set out to prove he's more than a restaurateur with this 72-room waterfront textile factory turned hotel.
Roman Brackman is a New York-based historian and political commentator.
RSS Feeds for Roman Brackman .
In the second century A.D. A le gion of Roman men disap peared in northern Britannia -- yet "The Eagle" is not about their mysterious defeat.
That's the new theory of how Romans died in tunnels in A.D 256.
Your very own Roman holiday.
The nation's Roman Catholic bishops lashed out at Vice President.
The nation's Roman Catholic bishops lashed out at Vice President Joe Biden on Friday, saying he was wrong in the way he described a healthcare mandate that would require contraceptive services for employees of some Catholic institutions.
It's looks like Roman is taking a holiday.
LAYTON — City leaders have agreed to buy back property near Layton High School that was sold to the Roman Catholic Church in 1968 to build a structure for religious education.
The answer begins with the Romans (4:48).
The answer begins with the Romans.
"He had a little cough last week and a little cough this morning, so we're going to play it safe," trainer Dale Romans said.
The " Fortnight to Freedom" protest is being organized by Roman Catholic Church officials and members.

In science:

The investigation of the Roman ring of traversable wormhole in also find that the vacuum fluctuation can be made arbitrarily small.
Chronology Protection in Generalized Godel Spacetime
Romans, “Selfduality for interacting fields: covariant field equations for six-dimensional chiral supergravities,” Nucl.
Generalized dimensional reduction of supergravity with eight supercharges
Marek Biskup, Roman Koteck´y, and Senya Shlosman kindly proposed the proof of the continuity at βc of the Ising magnetization.
Random even graphs
Petrykowski, and Roman Wencel, for their detailed reading of parts of the manuscript and for pointing out errors, gaps, and possible improvements.
On NIP and invariant measures
Roman Ger, Stability of polynomial mappings controlled by n-convex functionals, Inequalities and applications, World Sci.
Some properties of generalized higher-order convexity