Roman calendar


  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Roman calendar the lunar calendar in use in ancient Rome; replaced by the Julian calendar in 46 BC
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Roman calendar The calendar of the ancient Romans, from which our modern calendars are derived. It is said to have consisted originally of ten months, Martius Aprilis Maius Junius Quintilis Sextilis, September, October, November, and December, having a total of 304 days. Numa added two months, Januarius at the beginning of the year, and Februarius at the end, making in all 355 days. He also ordered an intercalary month, Mercedinus, to be inserted every second year. Later the order of the months was changed so that January should come before February. Through abuse of power by the pontiffs to whose care it was committed, this calendar fell into confusion. It was replaced by the Julian calendar. In designating the days of the month, the Romans reckoned backward from three fixed points, the calends, the nones, and the ides. The calends were always the first day of the month. The ides fell on the 15th in March, May, July (Quintilis), and October, and on the 13th in other months. The nones came on the eighth day (the ninth, counting the ides) before the ides. Thus, Jan. 13 was called the ides of January, Jan. 12, the day before the ides, and Jan. 11, the third day before the ides (since the ides count as one), while Jan. 14 was the 19th day before the calends of February.
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In literature:

A curious confirmation of the same astronomical connection is afforded by the Roman Catholic Calendar.
"Pagan & Christian Creeds" by Edward Carpenter
SEPTEMBER, the ninth month of the year, so called as having been the seventh in the Roman calendar.
"The Nuttall Encyclopaedia" by Edited by Rev. James Wood
Where Midsummer was already observed, the influence of the Roman calendar would confirm that observance.
"The Religion of the Ancient Celts" by J. A. MacCulloch
Roman calendar, described, 332.
"Ten Great Religions" by James Freeman Clarke
Marcellinus and Petrus, or by those of any other saints in the Roman Calendar.
"Collected Essays, Volume V" by T. H. Huxley
Marcellinus and Petrus, or by those of any other saints in the Roman Calendar.
"Lectures and Essays" by Thomas Henry Huxley
The civil calendar of all European countries has been borrowed from that of the Romans.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Part 4" by Various
He fixed their calendar so that it was much more reliable than either the Greek or the Roman.
"South American Fights and Fighters" by Cyrus Townsend Brady
Roman Calendar, with dates of the chief historical events, xx.-xxv.
"The Student's Companion to Latin Authors" by George Middleton
This is the calendar which was {183} introduced from Egypt into the Roman Empire by Julius Caesar.
"History of Human Society" by Frank W. Blackmar
It was designed to commemorate the reformation of the Roman calendar by Julius Caesar.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 3" by Various
"Notes and Queries, Number 239, May 27, 1854" by Various
Marcellinus and Petrus, or by those of any other saints in the Roman Calendar.
"Essays Upon Some Controverted Questions" by Thomas H. Huxley
With a Dictionary of Proper Names, and Tables of the Roman Calendar, Measures, Weights, and Moneys.
"The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex, Vol. I (1st edition)" by Charles Darwin
In the ancient Roman calendar the first day of every month was invariably called the calends.
"Our Calendar" by George Nichols Packer
The Roman calendar was even more complicated than the Greek, and not so good.
"Astronomical Myths" by John F. Blake
With Tables of the Roman Calendar, Measures, Weights, and Money.
"The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex" by Charles Darwin
In the church calendar this day is the festival of the Circumcision; in the Roman church it is the day of no fewer than seven saints.
"Lancashire Folk-lore" by John Harland

In news:

A quick search of Wikipedia reveals that the name means "seventh" and that September originally was the seventh month of the Roman calendar.