Raskolnik

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Raskolnik răs*kŏl"nĭk The name applied by the Russian government to any subject of the Greek faith who dissents from the established church. The Raskolniki embrace many sects, whose common characteristic is a clinging to antique traditions, habits, and customs. The schism originated in 1667 in an ecclesiastical dispute as to the correctness of the translation of the religious books. The dissenters, who have been continually persecuted, are believed to number about 20,000,000, although the Holy Synod officially puts the number at about 2,000,000. They are officially divided into three groups according to the degree of their variance from orthodox beliefs and observances, as follows: I. “Most obnoxious.” the Judaizers; the Molokane, who refuse to recognize civil authority or to take oaths; the Dukhobortsy, or Dukhobors, who are communistic, marry without ceremony, and believe that Christ was human, but that his soul reappears at intervals in living men; the Khlysty, who countenance anthropolatory, are ascetics, practice continual self-flagellation, and reject marriage; the Skoptsy, who practice castration; and a section of the Bezpopovtsy, or priestless sect, which disbelieve in prayers for the Czar and in marriage. II. “Obnoxious:” the Bezpopovtsy, who pray for the Czar and recognize marriage. III. “Least obnoxious:” the Popovtsy, who dissent from the orthodox church in minor points only.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n raskolnik In Russia, a schismatic; a dissenter. There are many sects of Raskolniks, most of them differing from the Orthodox Church by even greater conservatism in ritual, etc. Some sects retain the office of priest, while others are Presbyterian or Independent in polity; others, again, are of wildly fanatical and antinomian character.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Raskolnik ras-kol′nik in Russia, a schismatic, a dissenter from the orthodox or Greek Church.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Russ. raskol'nik, dissenter, fr. raskol, dissent

Usage

In literature:

Since the reform the Church chants the Hallelujah thrice, the Raskolniks only twice.
"Lippincott's Magazine Of Popular Literature And Science, April 1875, Vol. XV., No. 88" by Various
The Raskolniks, or Old Believers, profess to be the real Church; yet the simplest civic rights were always denied to them.
"The Contemporary Review, Volume 36, September 1879" by Various
It is chiefly Little Russian (85.6%); but Great Russians (6.1%), mostly Raskolniks, i.e.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 1" by Various
The traveller records in his note-book that the Raskolniks are stupid and unhappy, and smell of leather.
"The Green Book" by Mór Jókai
Even the Raskolnik is more tolerable.
"Ghetto Tragedies" by Israel Zangwill
Why, he's a raskolnik.
"Tales From Jókai" by Mór Jókai
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