• Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n. pl Quadrumana (Zoöl) A division of the Primates comprising the apes and monkeys; -- so called because the hind foot is usually prehensile, and the great toe opposable somewhat like a thumb. Formerly the Quadrumana were considered an order distinct from the Bimana, which last included man alone.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • quadrumana An order of Mammalia named by Blumenbach in 1791, including all kinds of apes, monkeys, and lemurs; the quadrumanous mammals: so called because their hind as well as fore feet can be used as hands. The term is scarcely used now, being superseded by Primates; but Primates includes both the Bimana (man alone) and the Quadrumana of the earlier systems. When the name was in vogue the Quadrumana were usually divided into Catarrhini, Old World apes and monkeys; Platyrrhini, New World monkeys; and Strepsirrhini, lemurs.
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
NL. See Quadrumane


In literature:

This monkey, which was of a large size, evidently belonged to the first order of the quadrumana.
"The Mysterious Island" by Jules Verne
The Quadrumana or monkey tribe form one of the most characteristic features of this region.
"The Malay Archipelago" by Alfred Russell Wallace
Batchian is remarkable as being the most eastern point on the globe inhabited by any of the Quadrumana.
"The Malay Archipelago" by Alfred Russell Wallace
But, besides all these, we are here presented with representatives of the order of Quadrumana, or four-handed animals.
"The Prehistoric World" by E. A. Allen
That the third lobe is neither peculiar to, nor characteristic of, man, seeing that it exists in all the higher quadrumana.
"Lectures and Essays" by T.H. Huxley
The Coitas, or spider-monkeys, are the highest of American quadrumana.
"The Andes and the Amazon" by James Orton
Quadrupeds and quadrumana appear.
"The Rifle Rangers" by Captain Mayne Reid
It is in equatorial Africa that the most powerful of all the Quadrumana live, far exceeding the Oran Outang, and even the Pongo of Borneo.
"Anecdotes of the Habits and Instinct of Animals" by R. Lee
This would make the Ruminants and Ungulata higher than the Quadrumana or the Carnivora.
"Contributions to the Theory of Natural Selection" by Alfred Russel Wallace
But most of the Quadrumana (including the anthropoids) are still able to do so.
"Darwin, and After Darwin (Vol. 1 and 3, of 3)" by George John Romanes