• Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Puncheon A cask containing, sometimes 84, sometimes 120, gallons.
    • Puncheon A figured stamp, die, or punch, used by goldsmiths, cutlers, etc.
    • Puncheon (Carp) A short, upright piece of timber in framing; a short post; an intermediate stud.
    • Puncheon A split log or heavy slab with the face smoothed; as, a floor made of puncheons .
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n puncheon A perforating- or stamping-tool; a punch. An iron instrument with a sharp steel point, used in marble-working: as, a dog's-tooth or gradin puncheon; a stone-cutters' puncheon. E. H. Knight.
    • n puncheon In carpentry: A short upright piece of timber in framing; a dwarf post, stud, or quarter.
    • n puncheon A slab of split timber with the face smoothed with an adz or ax, sometimes used for flooring or bridge-boards in the absence of sawed boards.
    • n puncheon One of the small quarters of a partition above the head of a door.
    • n puncheon A cask; a liquid measure of from 72 to 120 gallons: as, a puncheon of wine. The puncheon of beer in London contained 72 beer-gallons; that of wine, 84 wine-gallons. The latter value was legalized in 1423.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Puncheon punsh′un a steel tool with a die or a sharp point at one end for stamping or perforating metal plates: a short post or slab of wood with the face smoothed.
    • n Puncheon punsh′un a cask: a liquid measure of from 72 or 84 to 120 gallons.
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. poinçon, awl, bodkin, crown, king-post, fr. L. punctio, a pricking, fr. pungere, to prick. See Pungent, and cf. Punch a tool, Punction
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. poinson, a cask; perh. from the above.


In literature:

Around the house were standing some large puncheons and there were heaps of seal, bear, and walrus bones.
"Celebrated Travels and Travellers" by Jules Verne
Rhodie Polhemus who lived on Bear Fork of Puncheon Creek was one who believed in signs.
"Blue Ridge Country" by Jean Thomas
The furniture seemed all pegs and puncheons.
"In The Boyhood of Lincoln" by Hezekiah Butterworth
A wide puncheon was fastened just below this for the writers, with a seat to correspond.
"Autobiography of Frank G. Allen, Minister of the Gospel" by Frank G. Allen
This trigger was a part of the prop under the puncheon and gave way at the slightest jar.
"Far Past the Frontier" by James A. Braden
Back and forth in the puncheon-floored kitchen trudged old Dilsey Rust's heavy-shod foot, carrying her upon the appointed tasks of the day.
"Judith of the Cumberlands" by Alice MacGowan
As cautiously as possible we removed several of the puncheon slabs next to the wall.
"A Virginia Scout" by Hugh Pendexter
Before an hour's out, I'll stove in your old blockhouse like a rum puncheon.
"Treasure Island" by Robert Louis Stevenson
The floor was of puncheons split from oak logs, and laid loosely on rough-hewn joists.
"The Boy Settlers" by Noah Brooks
Others again, more handy with tools, made the benches out of split logs, or, as we called them, puncheons.
"Ox-Team Days on the Oregon Trail" by Ezra Meeker
If barrels or puncheons are used as containers, they are placed on skids and firmly wedged to prevent movement.
"Manual of American Grape-Growing" by U. P. Hedrick
Before an hour's out, I'll stove in your old block-house like a rum-puncheon.
"The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson" by Robert Louis Stevenson
Suddenly Juve pointed to an enormous empty puncheon that had just rolled beside them.
"The Exploits of Juve" by Pierre Souvestre and Marcel Allain
Our tent was floored with puncheons, and the racket which they kicked up was something marvelous.
"In The Ranks" by R. E. McBride
One uv the puncheons in the floor hed been left loose a purpus, an' they took it up without mekin' any noise.
"Crestlands" by Mary Addams Bayne
When the puncheon was turned up it revealed a pit beneath, from which she lifted a large jug of whisky.
"Si Klegg, Book 3 (of 6) Si And Shorty Meet Mr. Rosenbaum, The Spy, Who Relates His Adventures" by John McElroy
They found a puncheon laid to cross the ditch, ran over it, and mounted the rifle-pit.
"Si Klegg, Book 4 (of 6) Experiences Of Si And Shorty On The Great Tullahoma Campaign" by John McElroy
Do you see that the only bars to the windows are puncheon planks?
"The Minute Boys of York Town" by James Otis
The king had seven puncheons of brandy, and other articles in the same proportion, for his dash; which was immediately put on shore.
"Wilson's Tales of the Borders and of Scotland" by Various
An hour later we came upon a small log cabin, having a roof of spruce bark, no floor, but a puncheon door and one window.
"Muskrat City" by Henry Abbott

In poetry:

Oh some are fond of dancing, and some are fond of dice,
And some are all for red lips, and pretty lasses’ eyes;
But a right Jamaica puncheon is a finer prize
To the old bold mate of Henry Morgan.
"Captain Stratton’s Fancy" by John Masefield
"Down the stony steps of the house-fronts white
We rolled rich puncheons of Spanish grape,
Till at length, with the fire of the wine alight,
I saw at a doorway a fair fresh shape—
A woman, a sylph, or sprite.
"San Sebastian" by Thomas Hardy

In news:

Christopher Docherty-Puncheon denied shooting Lt Col Robert "Riley" Workman at his Furneux Pelham home in 2004 but was convicted by a majority verdict.