Pterocarpus

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Pterocarpus genus of tropical trees or climbers having usually broadly winged pods
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n pterocarpus A genus of leguminous trees of the tribe Dalbergieæ, type of the subtribe Pterocarpeæ. It is characterized by a broad or nearly orbicular and oblique pod, which is tipped by a lateral style, is flattened around the edges into a thin coriaceous or membranous wing, and contains in its hard thickened center one, two, or three seeds separated by woody partitions. The 18 species are all tropical, and natives of Asia, Africa, and America. They are large thornless trees, bearing alternate pinnate leaves, and yellow papilionaceous flowers, often showy and sometimes variegated with white or violet, forming racemes or loose panicles. In general they produce hard and valuable timber, and also gum-resins, some very important. For P. Marsupium, the bija or bastard teak or Amboyna kino-tree, see kino and tinder teak. For P. Indicus, the padouk, lingo-tree, Burmese rosewood, or Andaman redwood, see kiabooca-wood and under redwood. P. erinaceus is the molompi, Gambia kino-tree, cornwood, or African rosewood. For P. Draco, see dragon's-blood. P. santalinus is the red sandalwood, red sanders-wood, ruby-wood, or East Indian redwood, affording an important dye-stuff.
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Usage

In literature:

The bamboo continues common, as well as Pandanus, Pterocarpus marsupium, Bombax, Diospyros ebenum, which are the most common trees.
"Journals of Travels in Assam, Burma, Bhootan, Afghanistan and TheNeighbouring Countries" by William Griffith
One tree of which bark cloth is made, pterocarpus, is abundant.
"The Last Journals of David Livingstone, in Central Africa, from 1865 to His Death, Volume I (of 2), 1866-1868" by David Livingstone
At Tirupati, a number of Balijas are engaged in the red sanders (Pterocarpus santalinus) wood-carving industry.
"Omens and Superstitions of Southern India" by Edgar Thurston
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