Prytaneum

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Prytaneum (Gr. Antiq) A public building in certain Greek cities; especially, a public hall in Athens regarded as the home of the community, in which official hospitality was extended to distinguished citizens and strangers.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n prytaneum A public hall in ancient Greek states and cities, housing and typifying the common ritual or official hearth of the community. That of Athens is especially famous. In it the city extended hospitality both to her honored citizens and to strangers. The prytanes, or presidents of the senate, were entertained in it at the public charge, together with those who, on account of personal or ancestral services, were entitled to this honor.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Prytaneum prit-an-ē′um the town-hall of an ancient Greek city where ambassadors were received, and citizens who had deserved well of the state were sometimes allowed to dine at the public expense.
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L., fr. Gr. , fr. prytanis
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr.,—prytanis, a presiding magistrate.

Usage

In literature:

Instead of a fine, he asserted that he ought to be maintained in the Prytaneum at the public expense, as a public benefactor.
"A Smaller History of Greece" by William Smith
TRYGAEUS You shall no longer be fed at the Prytaneum; the war done, oracles are not wanted.
"Peace" by Aristophanes
The Senate invites the King's Eye to the Prytaneum.
"The Acharnians" by Aristophanes
And he took the Sappho from the Prytaneum, the work of Silanion!
"Life of Cicero" by Anthony Trollope
When the Fourth Assembly again met, strong efforts were made to fill the Prytaneum at a very early hour with the friends of Pericles.
"Philothea" by Lydia Maria Child
Another peculiarity of Solon's laws was the public dining-table in the prytaneum.
"Plutarch's Lives, Volume I (of 4)" by Plutarch
The honor of dining at the table of the Prytaneum was maintained throughout as a valuable reward at the disposal of the government.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Vol. 1" by Various
The proper reward is that I should be maintained in the Prytaneum as a public benefactor.
"The World's Greatest Books--Volume 14--Philosophy and Economics" by Various
The Colacretae, who had done this work before, remained in authority over the internal expenses of the Prytaneum.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 4" by Various
According to Cicero, a bronze statue of Sappho, made by Silanion, stood in the prytaneum at Syracuse, and was stolen by Verres.
"Greek Women" by Mitchell Carroll
His official residence was the Prytaneum where he presided over all questions of family, e.g.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 4" by Various
Here in the Prytaneum (Rolland's life is full of such mystical word plays) the young man found a friend.
"Romain Rolland" by Stefan Zweig
Thus the prytaneum grew into a religious institution.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 10, Slice 4" by Various
The court in the precincts of the Prytaneum, to the north of the Acropolis, was only of ceremonial importance.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 12, Slice 5" by Various
As Hestia had her home in the prytaneum, special temples dedicated to her are of rare occurrence.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 13, Slice 4" by Various
The Prytaneum, where the written laws of Solon were kept, however, was not in the Acropolis, but in a lower part of the city.
"Ruins of Ancient Cities (Vol. I of II)" by Charles Bucke
On the evening of the day of assembly a great banquet was held in the Prytaneum, or Town-hall of Athens.
"Callias" by Alfred John Church
***

In poetry:

As (the form requires the myth)
A Greek girl stood once in the prytaneum
Of Carneades, hearing mouthings of Probability,
Then mindful of love dashed her brain on a megalith
"Horatian Epode To The Duchess Of Malfi" by Allen Tate