Pronaos

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Pronaos (Arch) The porch or vestibule of a temple.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n pronaos In architecture: An open vestibule or portico in front of the naos or cella of a temple. See naos, 2.
    • n pronaos Same as narthex, 1.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Pronaos prō-nā′os the open porch in front of a temple.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L., fr. Gr. ; before + temple
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr., pro, before, naos, a temple.

Usage

In literature:

First, the pronaos, where we still see clearly, between pillars carved with hieroglyphs.
"Egypt (La Mort De Philae)" by Pierre Loti
The pronaos is supported by two, three, or even four rows of columns, according to the size of the edifice.
"Manual Of Egyptian Archaeology And Guide To The Study Of Antiquities In Egypt" by Gaston Camille Charles Maspero
Ligorio describes the structure as a round temple, with a pronaos of six columns of the composite order.
"Pagan and Christian Rome" by Rodolfo Lanciani
A, Peristyle; B, Pronaos; C, Naos; D, Opisthodomus; E, Base of statue of Hermes.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 4" by Various
They entered the pronaos and secos.
"The Tour" by Louis Couperus
The pronaos and opisthodomos were each bounded by two Doric columns between antae, surmounted by metopes.
"A Catalogue of Sculpture in the Department of Greek and Roman Antiquities, British Museum, Volume I (of 2)" by A. H. Smith
The pronaos rests upon sixteen granite columns, with marble Corinthian bases and capitals.
"Old Rome" by Robert Burn
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In science:

Recent results from the submm balloon experiment PRONAOS (Dupac et al. 2001) find tentative evidence for an inverse dependence of β on T but the result is largely based on one cloud (OMC-1) having a lower β and higher temperature than the others.
The SCUBA Local Universe Galaxy Survey II. 450 micron data - evidence for cold dust in bright IRAS Galaxies
High frequency measurements were also made with the balloon-borne PRONAOS (Lamarre et al. 1998) - the first detection of the S-Z effect from the stratosphere - and ground-based MITO (De Petris et al. 2002) experiments.
The Sunyaev-Zeldovich Effect
The DIABOLO experiment has been used to measure the SZ effect in this cluster at millimetric wavelengths (Desert et al. 1998), and PRONAOS measured the sub-mm SZ effect for the first time in Abell 2163 (Lamarre et al. 1998).
A study of the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich increment using archival SCUBA data
FIR observations of a filament in Taurus by the PRONAOS balloon-borne experiment suggest that at the highest densities, the population of smallest grains disappears and the submillimeter emissivity increases by a factor of about 3, as expected by models of dust coagulation into fluffy grains (Stepnik et al. 2003).
Cold Dark Clouds: The Initial Conditions for Star Formation
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