Privative

Definitions

  • French dogs loaned by private families
    French dogs loaned by private families
  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Privative (Gram) A privative prefix or suffix. See Privative a., 3.
    • Privative (Logic) A term indicating the absence of any quality which might be naturally or rationally expected; -- called also privative term.
    • Privative Causing privation; depriving.
    • Privative Consisting in the absence of something; not positive; negative. "Privative blessings, blessings of immunity, safeguard, liberty, and integrity."
    • Privative (Gram) Implying privation or negation; giving a negative force to a word; as, alpha privative; privative particles; -- applied to such prefixes and suffixes as a-Gr.), un- non- -less.
    • Privative That of which the essence is the absence of something. "Blackness and darkness are indeed but privatives ."
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Additional illustrations & photos:

Private Stayer will not be able to sing Private Stayer will not be able to sing

Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In 1865, several veterans of the Confederate Army formed a private social club in Pulaski, Tennessee, called the Ku Klux Klan.
    • privative Causing privation or destitution.
    • privative Depending on or consisting in privation in the logical sense.
    • privative In grammar: Changing the sense of a word from positive to negative: as, a privative prefix; ἀ- or ἀν- privative.
    • privative Predicating negation: as, a privative word.
    • n privative That which depends on, or of which the essence is, the absence of something else, as silence, which exists by the absence of sound.
    • n privative In grammar: A prefix to a word which changes its signification and gives it a contrary sense, as un- in unwise, in- in inhuman, an- in anarchy, a- in achromatic.
    • n privative A word which not only predicates negation of a quality in an object, but also involves the notion that the absent quality is naturally inherent in it, and is absent through loss or some other privative cause.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The first-lady of the U.S. is considered a private citizen.
    • adj Privative causing privation: consisting in the absence of something
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Quotations

  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph%20Waldo%20Emerson
    “Every reform was once a private opinion, and when it shall be a private opinion again, it will solve the problem of the age.”
  • Mark Twain
    Mark%20Twain
    “In his private heart no man much respects himself.”
  • Sir William Blackstone
    Sir William Blackstone
    “The public good is in nothing more essentially interested, than in the protection of every individual's private rights.”
  • Samuel Johnson
    Samuel%20Johnson
    “The highest panegyric, therefore, that private virtue can receive, is the praise of servants.”
  • Sir Richard Steele
    Sir%20Richard%20Steele
    “Zeal for the public good is the characteristic of a man of honor and a gentleman, and must take the place of pleasures, profits and all other private gratification.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “The reason there are so few good talkers in public is that there are so few thinkers in private.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. privativus,: cf. F. privatif,. See Private
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L.; cf. Private.

Usage

In literature:

Why should we be plagued with private houses?
"The Whirlpool" by George Gissing
I mean, a kind of private paper, don't you know, of his private life.
"Ulysses" by James Joyce
The landlady let her out by the private door, and Ackroyd went with her.
"Thyrza" by George Gissing
In the afternoon Dyce was summoned to a private interview with Lady Ogram.
"Our Friend the Charlatan" by George Gissing
For private reasons I should like to know something about him.
"The Town Traveller" by George Gissing
Those ladies had a private sitting-room, and thither, in the course of the evening, Clifford Marsh repaired.
"The Emancipated" by George Gissing
The words 'it is not business' had moved even the Board; privately everyone felt that indeed it was not.
"The Forsyte Saga, Complete" by John Galsworthy
Whether it can be hoped that private persons will not indulge this folly, unless restrained by the public?
"The Querist" by George Berkley
I've left now; I'm to have a private tutor.
"The Newcomes" by William Makepeace Thackeray
Alas, however, for its private evils!
"Devereux, Complete" by Edward Bulwer-Lytton
These more private rooms Lionel was not permitted to enter.
"What Will He Do With It, Complete" by Edward Bulwer-Lytton
The privateer Superior was commanded by a brave and energetic Frenchman, who took a singular pleasure in inflicting injuries on British commerce.
"Jack in the Forecastle" by John Sherburne Sleeper
There was a small private entrance in this lane, which was very convenient.
"The Three Cities Trilogy, Complete Lourdes, Rome and Paris" by Emile Zola
It is difficult, if not impossible, to determine the moral title to private property in anything.
"British Socialism" by J. Ellis Barker
Ugolini's cabinet, his private workroom, was at the end of the corridor, where it turned a corner.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
At present that monarchy has nearly 16,400 miles of railway, 8,600 of which are owned by private companies.
"The Railroad Question" by William Larrabee
W. RODERICK, second lieutenant, mustered in Aug. 14, 1862; promoted from private; mustered out with company.
"War from the Inside" by Frederick L. (Frederick Lyman) Hitchcock
There were four officers, seven sergeants, four drummers, and 80 privates.
"Norfolk Annals A Chronological Record of Remarkable Events in the Nineteeth Century, Vol. 1" by Charles Mackie
Twice I have danced at private parties and received large fees.
"Her Royal Highness" by William Le Queux
He had a spacious suite of offices in one of the most private-looking houses in Dover Street.
"Whither Thou Goest" by William Le Queux
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In poetry:

Apart, with thee to press
A private business; -
Whence,
Deign me audience.
"To The Dead Cardinal Of Westminster" by Francis Thompson
What's that, Central?
You say you don't care
Nothing about my
Private affair?
"Madam And The Phone Bill" by Langston Hughes
On altar of the public weal
Must private griefs expire,--
Her tender grief exhaled to Heaven
On wings of patriot fire.
"A Ballad Of 1812" by Sarah Anne Curzon
For I see the end too plainly of the golden-headed star
Who is smiling like an angel in the gilded private bar—
Drifting to the third-rate houses, drifting, sinking lower down
Till she raves in some foul parlour with the women of the town.
"The Women of the Town" by Henry Lawson
So a bier of sticks was most willingly and quickly made,
Then the body was most tenderly upon it laid;
And they bore the corpse and laid inside the Bishop's private chapel,
Then the party took one sorrowful look and bade the corpse, farewell.
"The Tragic Death of the Rev. A.H. Mackonochie" by William Topaz McGonagall
She milked the cow - at least, she said she did.
There was the milk in proof; and God forbid
That I should doubt the statement in the least,
(I sympathised in private with the beast
Who said - but still, what does it matter now?)
She milked the cow.
"The Martyr of Bovinia" by C J Dennis

In news:

Los Angeles-based aircraft charter and management firm Jet Edge was named "Private Jet Services Company 2012" yesterday by the Institute of Transport Management.
Boomerang Kids, Anxious Parents, and the Private Toll of Global Competition.
In a real departure from history, the current cabinet has almost no private- sector experience.
President Obama continues to get hoots and hollers over his statement the private economy is doing fine.
And America's most expensive private development – a new hotel and casino complex on the Strip – is getting LEED certified.
Aiming to make government privatization really private.
California's stem cell agency has awarded two private biotech companies, ViaCyte Inc and Bluebird Bio, nearly $20 million toward the development of treatments for diabetes and for a sometimes fatal genetic blood disorder .
In April 2011, the board hired a private group to investigate the possibilities of sending Bloomsbury students to North Hunterdon, Voorhees or Delaware Valley high schools.
'Private Practice' Bloopers : The Cast Plays 'What's That Line'.
Blinder's premise is true that a private-sector CEO is a poor candidate for president, then by the same token the president should quit trying to be a businessman and keep his nose out of the private sector.
As a push toward a bustling downtown and a wager against a rocky economy, the private side of Sherwood's ambitious public-private project remains tentative.
A private paradise Little Whale Cay , as a private island, is as spacious a place as any 12 travelers could dream of.
A&P has agreed to receive $490 million of debt and equity financing from private investors that will enable the beleaguered grocer to emerge from bankruptcy as a privately held company early next year.
The dorm could be run by UW-Rock or a private operation, Wilson said, or it could be a public-private partnership.
A security researcher intercepted thousands of private e-mail messages sent by foreign embassies and human rights groups around the world by turning portions of the Tor internet anonymity service into his own private listening post.
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In science:

In such case the Bock et al. parameterization is the private case for some fixed the e/h ratio.
Hadron Energy Reconstruction for the ATLAS Barrel Prototype Combined Calorimeter in the Framework of the Non-parametrical Method
As Peter Walley [private communication, ] points out, this example is somewhat misleading.
Conditional Plausibility Measures and Bayesian Networks
Rigopoulou, private communication) seem also to indicate a modest incidence of AGN, which would imply that the overall AGN contribution to the bolometric CIRB is likely around 10% or so.
High-Redshift Galaxies: The Far-Infrared and Sub-Millimeter View
Chandra X-ray Center 2000, private communication).
The Chandra Deep Survey of the Hubble Deep Field North Area. IV. An Ultradeep Image of the HDF-N
Windhorst 2001, private communication; but also see §2.2 of Barger, Cowie, & Richards 2000); we shall adopt this redshift throughout the rest of the discussion below as the other redshift possibilities appear less likely.
The Chandra Deep Survey of the Hubble Deep Field North Area. IV. An Ultradeep Image of the HDF-N
Thus the spin at site i behaves as if it is in its private heat bath constructed by its nearest neigbbours! Let us now cast the Glauber algorithm in the language of the heat-bath algorithm employing pi .
An Introduction to Monte Carlo Simulation of Statistical physics Problem
CO(3–2) observations of 50 galaxies from the SLUGS IRAS sample are in progress which should allow us to make a better estimate of the contamination in the future (Seaquist, private communication).
The SCUBA Local Universe Galaxy Survey II. 450 micron data - evidence for cold dust in bright IRAS Galaxies
Raux, private communication to be published.
Comments on "A Supernova Brane Scan"
It is suspected to have a symbiotic binary nucleus (Balick, private comm.).
Planetary nebula or symbiotic Mira? Near infrared colours mark the difference
Councils acknowledged the private sector as the primary creator of the Information Highway.
National Information Infrastructure Development in Canada and the U.S.: Redefining Universal Service and Universal Access in the Age of Techno-Economic Convergence
Priezzhev, privat communication. The maximum degree scales with the network size qmax ∼ N D ≈ N 1/τ . A different mechanism of desease spreading on hierarchical graphs was considered in Ref. R.
Adaptive Random Walks on the Class of Web Graph
Durrett (1996, private communication), who also suggested the term “frog model”.
The shape theorem for the frog model with random initial configuration
Voit, M., & Donahue, M. 1999, private communication.
Multi-wavelength Surveys for Distant Clusters
Scott Carter and Dan Silver (private conversation).
Bi-oriented Quantum Algebras, and a Generalized Alexander Polynomial for Virtual Links
Skrutskie, private communication). A high fraction of the measured stars have C-type spectra, with significant contamination by highly reddened (E(B−V) > 2) M supergiants and OH/IR stars.
An Upper Limit to the Age of the Galactic Bar
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