Presumption of fact


  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Presumption of fact (Law) an argument of a fact from a fact; an inference as to the existence of one fact not certainly known, from the existence of some other fact known or proved, founded on a previous experience of their connection; supposition of the truth or real existence of something, without direct or positive proof of the fact, but grounded on circumstantial or probable evidence which entitles it to belief.
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In literature:

Superstition, selfishness in a thousand forms, the presumption of the schools, laid hold of unconnected facts.
"The Black Death, and The Dancing Mania" by Justus Friedrich Karl Hecker
Such facts as I have reported are of public notoriety, but to exceed them would be an unwarranted presumption.
"The Valley of Decision" by Edith Wharton
This was the clear fact: so why shouldn't the presumptions be in favour of every result of it?
"Louisa Pallant" by Henry James
It is useless for you to fume and rage in vain effort to disprove either of these presumptive facts.
"The Postmaster's Daughter" by Louis Tracy
A presumption against secrecy arises from the known fact that evil-doers of all kinds resort to secrecy.
"Secret Societies" by David MacDill, Jonathan Blanchard, and Edward Beecher
In fact, the mere presence of a man before me charged with murder must be taken as a strong presumption of his guilt.
"The Status Civilization" by Robert Sheckley
It would be the presumption of a fact, the contrary of which was known to all to be the truth.
"Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 56, Number 349, November, 1844" by Various
It may be said, however, that we have not done full justice to the presumption raised by the broad facts of evolution.
"Evolution" by Frank B. Jevons
So that, in fact, we have in geology a presumption in favor of, rather than against, such a deluge.
"The Religion of Geology and Its Connected Sciences" by Edward Hitchcock
The presumption, where the facts are equivocal, is in favour of absence of intention.
"Marriage and Divorce Laws of the World" by Hyacinthe Ringrose
But a legal presumption, or, as it is sometimes called, a presumption of law, as distinguished from a presumption of fact, is something more.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 10, Slice 1" by Various
Thus my justification of the seeming presumption of defending myself was the fact that no counsel would defend us without compromising us.
"Bygones Worth Remembering, Vol. 2 (of 2)" by George Jacob Holyoake
In Direct Evidence there is the presumption of the truth of the proposition, statement, or conclusion from the proven facts.
"The Gunpowder Plot and Lord Mounteagle's Letter" by Henry Hawkes Spink Jr.
These facts about the distribution in time of the cone-like bodies afford a strong presumptive evidence of a change in the manner of nuclear increase.
"The Works of Francis Maitland Balfour, Volume 1" by Francis Maitland Balfour

In science:

In the defeasible theory, p is a fact, and so the presumption of ¬p is defeated.
Interdefinability of defeasible logic and logic programming under the well-founded semantics