Prakrit

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Prakrit any of the vernacular Indic languages of north and central India (as distinguished from Sanskrit) recorded from the 3rd century BC to the 4th century AD
    • n Prakrit any of the modern Indic languages
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Prakrit Any one of the popular dialects descended from, or akin to, Sanskrit; -- in distinction from the Sanskrit, which was used as a literary and learned language when no longer spoken by the people. Pali is one of the Prakrit dialects.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n Prakrit The collective name of those dialects which succeed the Sanskrit in the historical development of the language of India. They assumed a literary position first in the Sanskrit dramas, where female characters and the lower male characters are introduced as speaking Prakrit instead of the Sanskrit used by kings, noblemen, and priests.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Prakrit prä′krit the collective name of those languages or dialects which are immediately derived from, or stand in an immediate relation to, Sanskrit
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Skr. prākṛta, original, natural, usual, common, vulgar
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Sans. prākrita, the natural—prakriti, nature.

Usage

In literature:

PRAKRIT, name given to a group of Hindu languages based on Sanskrit.
"The Nuttall Encyclopaedia" by Edited by Rev. James Wood
Kanha, the phonetic equivalent of Krishna in Prakrit.
"Hinduism And Buddhism, Volume II. (of 3)" by Charles Eliot
The discovery near Khotan of official documents written in Prakrit makes colonization as well as religious missions probable.
"Hinduism and Buddhism, An Historical Sketch, Vol. 3 (of 3)" by Charles Eliot
In The Little Clay Cart, as in other Indian dramas, some of the characters speak Sanskrit, others Prakrit.
"The Little Clay Cart" by (Attributed To) King Shudraka
The fashion is to write the body of the work in Sanskrit and Prakrit, but the songs in Maithili.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Slice 7" by Various
In the articles INDO-ARYAN LANGUAGES and PRAKRIT the history of the earlier stages of the Indo-Aryan vernaculars is given at some length.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 12, Slice 6" by Various
In the article PRAKRIT it is shown that the same construction is obtained in that language.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 13, Slice 4" by Various
With a Brief Sketch of Scenic Prakrit.
"The Life of a Conspirator" by Thomas Longueville
We have seen that the word "Prakrit" means "natural" or "vernacular," as opposed to the "purified" literary Sanskrit.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 14, Slice 4" by Various
It is a Prakritic language.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 15, Slice 6" by Various
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