Positive crystals

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Positive crystals (Opt) a doubly refracting crystal in which the index of refraction for the extraordinary ray is greater than for the ordinary ray, and the former is refracted nearer to the axis than the latter, as quartz and ice; -- opposed to negative crystal, or one in which this characteristic is reversed, as Iceland spar, tourmaline, etc.
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Usage

In literature:

Balzac's clericalism and royalism, which ultimately became so crystallized, were at this date in a position of unstable equilibrium.
"Balzac" by Frederick Lawton
The bands or rays observed through the same crystal have, in the spectrum, fixed positions, their intensity alone varying.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 586, March 26, 1887" by Various
When the crystal faded, it was put into its box in the proper position and the electric light turned on.
"Tales of Space and Time" by Herbert George Wells
The tendency for crystals of lead to "tree" over from the negative to the positive plates is well known.
"The Automobile Storage Battery" by O. A. Witte
With stately tread he retired to a position behind the crystal globe.
"The Cry at Midnight" by Mildred A. Wirt
The difference in form of the ray-surface for positive and negative crystals is shown in figs.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 7" by Various
Engine-turned pickles, submerged in carbolic acid and frosted with vitriol crystals; positively antiscorbutic.
"The Army Mule and Other War Sketches" by Henry A. Castle
Occultists, as will readily be understood, set great store by crystal-gazing, finding in it positive proof of spirit action.
"Adventurings in the Psychical" by H. Addington Bruce
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In news:

Three days before the public announcement that Georgie Perkins won a Crystal Apple Educator Award for her work as an instructional assistant at Peabody Charter School, she was notified that her position had been cut.
When the head changes position , these crystals shift.
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In science:

V γ ’s, following (multiple) Compton scattering, was measured by triggering with a 4 ” Na(Tl) crystal on the second 511 keV emitted in the op posite direction, and on the 1275 keV γ .
Search for WIMPs in liquid argon
In the cases of U = 9 and 10, Econd was found to have finite positive bulk-limit values and sharply increase with increasing U, as expected. The Econd of the experimental size is obtained with U ~ 9. This illustrates that U depends on the crystal structure.
Superconducting Condensation Energy of the Two-Dimensional Hubbard Model in the Large-Negative-t' Region
Finally, for sufficiently large positive values of crystal field, magnetization curves always saturate at m = 1 and the system always undergoes a second order phase transition from a ferromagnetic phase to a paramagnetic phase with increasing temperature, which can be seen in Fig. (2f ) with D/J = 10.0.
Critical behavior and phase diagrams of a spin-1 Blume-Capel model with random crystal field interactions: An effective field theory analysis
From Fig. (5a), we see that as △/J increases then the tricritical point and first order transitions disappear, and the first order reentrance turns into double reentrance with three transition temperatures of second order, and phase transition lines shift to positive crystal field direction without changing their shapes.
Critical behavior and phase diagrams of a spin-1 Blume-Capel model with random crystal field interactions: An effective field theory analysis
The representation of position operator in terms of the Bloch states of a crystal is intimately related to the BC, and it thus appeared in the works of Adams and Blount on the topic much earlier than the rigorous formulation by Berry .
Optical injection and terahertz detection of the macroscopic Berry curvature
The verticality of the lattice planes is established from the image position of the crystal obtained when it is rotated at left and right direction.
Laue lenses for hard X-/soft Gamma-rays: new prototype results
The frame is positioned and stuck on the entire set of crystals.
Laue lenses for hard X-/soft Gamma-rays: new prototype results
Figure 8 shows the deviation occured for each crystal, from their expected perfect position.
Laue lenses for hard X-/soft Gamma-rays: new prototype results
The dashed and dotted white curves in Fig. 4 represent the position of the phase mismatch vector q2 calculated for two arbitrary chosen wavelengths of the fundamental wave: λ=1.2 µm (dashed line), and λ=1.73 µm (dotted line) using reported refractive index of LiNbO3 crystal .
Parametric wave interaction in quadratic crystal with randomized distribution of ferroelectric domains
The crystal limit also establishes a one-to-one correspondence between members of a basis Pw0 and the vertices of B (∞). A PBW monomial is defined by an N -tuple of positive integers, where N is the number of positive roots in the root system associated to D .
On crystal operators in Lusztig's parametrizations and string cone defining inequalities
We find ion equilibrium positions that deviate from a perfect triangular lattice near the crystal periphery and which have an overall ellipticity due to Vwal l .
Engineered 2D Ising interactions on a trapped-ion quantum simulator with hundreds of spins
A schematic of such a smectic liquid crystal cell is illustrated in Fig. 1, with a “dirty” front substrate imposing two types of surface disorders: surface random orientational pinning of local nematic order and surface random positional pinning of smectic layers.
Smectic order, pinning, and phase transition in a smectic liquid crystal cell with a random substrate
I λ x,y while scanning the excitation and collection ob jective along the photonic-crystal waveguide at each spatial position (x, y) with a spatial binning size of 0.25 µm and at different wavelengths with a binning size of 1 nm.
An Anderson-localized random nanolaser
In the insulating regime the eigenvalues “crystallize” at equally spaced average positions, with small Gaussian fluctuations around the average (curve a).
Random-Matrix Theory of Quantum Transport
In order to get any structural information about proteins, it is necessary to crystallize the proteins so as to freeze the positions of the atoms.
Protein folding and heteropolymers
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