n. plPodophthalmia(Zoöl) The stalk-eyed Crustacea, -- an order of Crustacea having the eyes supported on movable stalks. It includes the crabs, lobsters, and prawns. Called also Podophthalmata, and Decapoda.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
podophthalmiaA division of malacostracous Crustacea, having the eyes borne upon movable eye-stalks or opnthalmites, and the cephalothorax forming a carapace; the stalk-eyed crustaceans: distinguished from Edriophthalmia. The group is divisible into two orders, Stomatopoda and Decapoda, the latter containing the most familiar crustaceans, as prawns, shrimps, crawfish, lobsters, and crabs. See also cuts under Astacidæ, Astacus, Copepoda, copepodstage, endopodite, lobster, prawn, and stalk-eyed.