Pluteus

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Pluteus a large genus of fungi belonging to the family Pluteaceae; the shape of the cap resembles a roof; often abundant early in the summer
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Pluteus (Zoöl) The free-swimming larva of sea urchins and ophiurans, having several long stiff processes inclosing calcareous rods.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n pluteus In anc. Rom. arch., a barrier, as any construction of boards, osiers, grating, or other light work, placed between the columns of a portico; a light wall occupying the lower part of an intercolumniation; a balustrade or parapet crowning a building or a part of a building; also, a shelf fixed to the wall; the headboard of a bed.
    • n pluteus In ane. Rom. milit. engin.: Boards or planks placed on the fortifications of a camp, or on movable towers or other military engines, to form a kind of roof or shed for the protection of the soldiers
    • n pluteus A movable gallery on wheels, shaped like an arch-covered wagon, in which a besieging party made their approaches.
    • n pluteus In zoology, a larval stage of the echinopædia of certain echinoderms, as a holothurian, ophiurian, or echinid. it is known as the painter's-easel larva, from its shape, and was originally described as a distinct genus by Muller in 1846. Compare cuts under Bipinnaria and echinopædium.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L., a shed

Usage

In literature:

Driesch has found that a tropism underlies the arrangement of the skeleton in the pluteus larvae of the sea-urchin.
"Darwin and Modern Science" by A.C. Seward and Others
Growing from the side of a stump, the stem of the fawn-colored pluteus bends upwards to the light.
"Some Summer Days in Iowa" by Frederick John Lazell
Gills free, rounded behind, cohering at first, Pluteus.
"Among the Mushrooms" by Ellen M. Dallas and Caroline A. Burgin
Pluteus (Plu'te-us), 138. cervinus (cer-vi'nus), 138, 139, fig.
"Studies of American Fungi. Mushrooms, Edible, Poisonous, etc." by George Francis Atkinson
It grew abundantly there, along with Lepiota Americana and Pluteus cervinus.
"The Mushroom, Edible and Otherwise" by M. E. Hard
The recorded edible species are found in Volvaria, Clitopilus, and Pluteus.
"Student's Hand-book of Mushrooms of America, Edible and Poisonous" by Thomas Taylor
Thus the larvae of the starfishes were called Bipinnaria, the larvae of the sea-urchins Pluteus, and so on.
"Elementary Zoology, Second Edition" by Vernon L. Kellogg
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