• WordNet 3.6
    • n Pithecanthropus former genus of primitive apelike men now Homo erectus
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Pithecanthropus A genus consisting of an extinct primate (Pithecanthropus erectus) apparently intermediate between man and the existing anthropoid apes, known from bones first found in Javahence called Java man) in 1891-92, and other bones found later. The species was renamed Homo erectus around 1960. The Javan bones are believed to be from 1.6 to 1.9 million years old, and include a thigh bone of the human type, two molar teeth intermediate between those of man and the anthropoids, and the calvaria of the skull, indicating a brain capacity of about 900 cubic centimeters, and resembling in form that of the Neanderthal man. Additional specimens of what are considerd as variants of the species have been found in China Africa, and Europe. Homo erectus is currently believed to have evolved in Africa from Homo habilis, the first member of the genus Homo. Anatomically and physiologically, Homo erectus resembles contemporary humans except for having a stouter bone structure.
    • Pithecanthropus A hypothetical genus of primates intermediate between man and the anthropoid apes.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n pithecanthropus A hypothetical genus proposed by Haeckel to fill the gap between the anthropoid apes and man.
    • n pithecanthropus An extinct hominiform animal approaching the human type more closely than any of the anthropoid apes. The genus is based only on two molar teeth, an incomplete calvarium, and a diseased femur found in central Java, in a deposit of volcanic ash said to be of Pliocene age. The capacity of the calvarium is about two thirds the average of that of the human skull. It is characterized by a low forehead and prominent supra-orbital ridges. The femur measures 455 millimeters in length, is straight, and indicates by its shape that the animal walked erect. The name Pithecanthropus erectus was given to it by the discoverer Dubois) “in order to furnish with a definite habitation and a name the theoretical Pithecanthropus of Haeckel.” Beddard, Mamm., p. 584.
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
NL.; Gr. pi`qhkos ape + 'a`nqrwpos man


In literature:

One said it was the dryopithecus of Java, the other said it was pithecanthropus.
"The Lost World" by Arthur Conan Doyle
Dubois, E., on Pithecanthropus.
"Darwin and Modern Science" by A.C. Seward and Others
If an ape, Pithecanthropus had an enormous brain; if a man, he must have verged on what we should consider idiocy.
"Anthropology" by Robert Marett
We should have stayed at home and faced the crude jokes that haven't changed since Pithecanthropus first discovered that sex was funny.
"Highways in Hiding" by George Oliver Smith
Nevertheless, even in Pithecanthropus, the brute is passing into the man.
"Progress and History" by Various
This so-called "Java find" is known in science by the name of Pithecanthropus, which means the ape-man.
"The Meaning of Evolution" by Samuel Christian Schmucker
Age of Pithecanthropus 500,000 years = twenty hours.
"History of Human Society" by Frank W. Blackmar

In science:

On the advancing edge of humanity, we note (l) Pithecanthropus erectus, whose name (vs.
Astrophysics in 2006