• WordNet 3.6
    • n Phasianus type genus of the Phasianidae: the typical pheasants
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n phasianus The typical genus of the family Phasianidæ and subfamily Phasianinæ, formerly nearly conterminous with the family, now restricted to such forms as Phasianus colchicus, the common pheasant, long domesticated in Europe. They have a much-lengthened tail, with long acuminate middle feathers, and the head crestless but provided with lateral tufts. At least 16 species are commonly referred to this genus (in several sections, ranked by some authors as genera). One of the most remarkable is P. (Syrmaticus) reevesi, of northern China, in which the tail reaches the maximum length of 5 or 6 feet. The plumage is beautifully varied with black, white, chestnut, and golden yellow. P. (Catreus) wallichi is the cheer, or Wallich's pheasant, of the Himalayas, with a long, broad tail and much-varied plumage. P. (Graphophasianus) soemmeringi is Sommering's pheasant, of Japan, with coppery-metallic plumage and very long tail. P. (Calophasis) ellioti is a gorgeously colored pheasant of the mountains near Ningpo, in China. Certain green-breasted pheasants, as P. versicolor of Japan and P. elegans of China, form a small group. Ring-necked pheasants, as P. insignia and P. mongolicus, have a white ring around the neck. The above-named approach more and more nearly to the ordinary pheasant as domesticated in Euvope, of which the Turkestan P. shawi is a near relative. The silver and golden pheasants, though long-tailed, are now placed in other genera (Euplocamus and Thaumalea). See further under pheasant.
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In literature:

The Centropus phasianus Tem.
"Narrative of a Survey of the Intertropical and Western Coasts of Australia" by Phillip Parker King
Polophilus phasianus, Leach, Zool.
"Narrative of a Survey of the Intertropical and Western Coasts of Australia] [Volume 2 of 2]" by Phillip Parker King
Centropus phasianus 1 2 3.
"Voyage Of H.M.S. Rattlesnake, Vol. 2 (of 2)" by John MacGillivray
Apparently a new subgenus of Phasianus.
"Journals of Travels in Assam, Burma, Bhootan, Afghanistan and TheNeighbouring Countries" by William Griffith
The large bird which was the most abundant here was the Cuculus phasianus or pheasant cuckoo.
"Journals Of Two Expeditions Of Discovery In North-West And Western Australia, Vol. 1 (of 2)" by George Grey
Phasianus, fertility of hybrids, 253.
"On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection" by Charles Darwin
The true pheasants (Phasianus) are wholly Palaearctic, except one species in Formosa, as are several genera of wading birds.
"Island Life" by Alfred Russel Wallace

In science:

Nilsson. A gynandromorph of the mallophagan goniodes colchici from phasianus colchicus.
A Developmental Network Theory of Gynandromorphs, Sexual Dimorphism and Species Formation