Pathogene

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Pathogene (Biol) Any microorganism which causes disease; a pathogenic organism; an infectious microorganism; a bacterium, virus, or other agent which can cause disease by infection; -- opposed to zymogene. The spelling pathogene is now archaic.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n pathogene A disease-producing micrococcus. See Micrococcus.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
See Pathogenic

Usage

In literature:

The lodgment in the system of a pathogenic germ, and the multiplication of that germ.
"The Doctor's Dilemma" by George Bernard Shaw
Certain species, however (termed pathogenic), are always associated with certain diseased conditions.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 787, January 31, 1891" by Various
The pathogenic, or disease producing, power may be increased by similar, though not identical, alterations.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 810, July 11, 1891" by Various
Among the free-living non-pathogenic forms much larger examples are found.
"Disease and Its Causes" by William Thomas Councilman
Also, sometimes, various kinds of pathogenic micro-organisms, such as staphs, streps, viruses, spiros, and so on.
"The Galaxy Primes" by Edward Elmer Smith
The Biologist was foremost among the contenders; he seemed worried about the possibility of the alien Earthmen carrying pathogenic bacteria.
"Islands of Space" by John W Campbell
Here surely, I thought, was the beginning of conditions which, carried a little further, must become pathogenic.
"Masterpieces of Mystery In Four Volumes" by Various
No, I cannot credit the idea of a pathogenic organism too seriously.
"The Electronic Mind Reader" by John Blaine
The second kind of bacteria are known as pathogenic; that is, are the direct cause of disease when taken into the human system.
"Rural Hygiene" by Henry N. Ogden
Experimentally it has been proved pathogenic for rabbits and white mice.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
Introduction to the Study of Pathogenic Fungi, Slime Fungi, Bacteria and Algae.
"Twentieth Century Inventions" by George Sutherland
Spore formation, however, occurs in only a very few varieties of pathogenic bacteria.
"American Red Cross Text-Book on Home Hygiene and Care of the Sick" by Jane A. Delano
INFECTION OF MILK WITH PATHOGENIC BACTERIA.
"Outlines of dairy bacteriology" by H. L. Russell
The consensus among psychiatrists and psychologists was that the condition stemmed from pathogenic causes.
"Mate in Two Moves" by Winston Marks
Inoculation experiments showed it to be pathogenic for a number of animal species.
"Food Poisoning" by Edwin Oakes Jordan
In such cases an essential part of the life cycle of the pathogenic organism is undergone in the insect.
"Handbook of Medical Entomology" by William Albert Riley
GIARD, A.: 1890, Nouvelles recherches sur les bacteries lumineuses pathogenes.
"The Nature of Animal Light" by E. Newton Harvey
A final important test in identification is that of pathogenicity.
"Contagious Abortion of Cows" by Ward J. MacNeal
That the bacillus is the true pathogenic element is proved by the following facts: 1st.
"A System of Practical Medicine by American Authors, Vol. I" by Various
The infective origin of puerperal mania is undoubted, though, as yet, no special pathogenic organism has been isolated.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 14, Slice 5" by Various
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In news:

Microbial Pathogen that Causes Lyme Disease Identified through qPCR Testing.
Dedicated to food safety and protection with science-powered innovations for pathogen detection and microbial monitoring that help food, pharmaceutical and personal care companies protect their products, productivity and brands.
Guideline will help better determine health risks from food and waterborne pathogens.
New pathogen could be another culprit.
When her friend returns from Africa with a strange skin condition, a doctor suspects a pathogen from out of the past.
The illness is a potentially fatal pathogen transmitted by rodents.
A new study has found that a zombifying ant fungus can be kept at bay by another pathogen.
FDA Buys MiSeq Systems for Food- Borne Pathogen Sequencing.
The virus indicates the presence of human pathogens associated with sewage contamination .
What is the safety standard for bloodborne pathogens.
Industrial livestock production means that it's not just a farm family that may be sickened by pathogens from a pig or cow , but potentially hundreds or thousands who consume meat or other products from those animals.
Hardy spores from two strains of the pathogen caused a global epidemic from 2002 to 2006, researchers said Sunday.
A fabric with the power to ward off pathogens.
Finding could also fight other pathogens before they develop resistance to antibiotics.
View full size William Keene/Oregon Public Health Raw milk samples from a Wilsonville farm tested positive for E. H7, a particularly aggressive pathogen that sickened nearly 20 people last month.
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In science:

Pourbohloul, B., Meyers, L., Skowronski, D., Krajden, M., Patrick, D., Brunham, R.: Modeling control strategies of respiratory pathogens.
Optimal Interdiction of Unreactive Markovian Evaders
Morphological complexity brings an inherent heterogeneity in populations and affects the dynamics of pathogen spread in such systems.
Complexity and anisotropy in host morphology make populations safer against epidemic outbreaks
One of the main quantities involved in the SIR process is the transmissibility Tij defined as the probability that the pathogen is transmitted from an infected host at node i to infect a susceptible host located at node j during the life-time, τ , of the infected node.
Complexity and anisotropy in host morphology make populations safer against epidemic outbreaks
This broadening mimics the (diffusive) spreading of the pathogen around the host.
Complexity and anisotropy in host morphology make populations safer against epidemic outbreaks
Gibson, G. J., Gilligan, C. A. & Kleczkowski, A. 1999 Predicting variability in biological control of a plant- pathogen system using stochastic models.
Complexity and anisotropy in host morphology make populations safer against epidemic outbreaks
By contrast, malicious attacks describe situations in which pathogens or toxins interfere with high degree hubs of the network.
Protein Interaction Networks are Fragile against Random Attacks and Robust against Malicious Attacks
Further applications include inference for recombination rates (Padhukasahasram et al., 2006), evolution of pathogens (Wilson et al., 2009) and evolution of protein networks (Ratmann et al., 2009).
Constructing Summary Statistics for Approximate Bayesian Computation: Semi-automatic ABC
Rapid evolution and the importance of recombination to the gastro-enteric pathogen campylobacter jejuni.
Constructing Summary Statistics for Approximate Bayesian Computation: Semi-automatic ABC
Examples will be presented from pathogen structure, metabolic networks, gene networks, and protein-protein interaction networks.
The Emergence of Modularity in Biological Systems
Studies show that pathogens not only are very modular but also that this modularity enhances their evolvability by allowing them to vary mutation rates between different parts of their genome.
The Emergence of Modularity in Biological Systems
It was also shown that bacteria occupying a limited number of niches have less modular metabolic networks than species occupying a greater variety of niches and pathogens that alternate between hosts have more modular metabolic networks than do single-host pathogens .
The Emergence of Modularity in Biological Systems
Pattini, et al., 2011 Signatures of Environmental Genetic Adaptation Pinpoint Pathogens as the Main Selective Pressure through Human Evolution.
Robust identification of local adaptation from allele frequencies
Newman, Threshold Effects for Two Pathogens Spreading on a Network, Phys.
Connection probability for random graphs with given degree sequence
Furthermore, the number of infection events is directly relevant when considering the probability of a mutation of the pathogen, as mutations are most probable during the exponential growth phase following a new infection.
Epidemic Size in the Sis Model of Endemic Infec- Tions
These mutations are implicated in the conversion of a sub-threshold weakly transmittable pathogen into a superthreshold variety capable of inducing a ma jor epidemic.
Epidemic Size in the Sis Model of Endemic Infec- Tions
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