nPaludamentum(Rom. Antiq) A military cloak worn by a general and his principal officers.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
npaludamentumThe cloak worn by an ancient Roman general commanding an army, his principal officers, and his personal attendants, in contradistinction to the sagum of the common soldier, and the toga or garb of peace. It was sleeveless, open in front, reached down to the knees, and hung loosely over the shoulders, being fastened at the neck, in front or (more typically) on one side, with a clasp.
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
nPaludamentumpā-lū-da-men′tum a military cloak worn by a Roman Imperator, or by members of his staff
Caesar's red paludamentum marked him out a conspicuous figure for the aim of the missiles, but he bore a charmed life.