P

Definitions

  • Two men pull on a tree branch and form a letter P
    Two men pull on a tree branch and form a letter P
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n P the 16th letter of the Roman alphabet
    • n p the 16th letter of the Roman alphabet
    • n P a multivalent nonmetallic element of the nitrogen family that occurs commonly in inorganic phosphate rocks and as organic phosphates in all living cells; is highly reactive and occurs in several allotropic forms
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: A dentist from Buffalo New York named Alfred P. Southwick invented the electric chair.
    • P the sixteenth letter of the English alphabet, is a nonvocal consonant whose form and value come from the Latin, into which language the letter was brought, through the ancient Greek, from the Phœnician, its probable origin being Egyptian. Etymologically P is most closely related to bf, and v; as hobble, hopple; father, paternal; recipient, receive. See B F, and M.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The dioxin 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin is 150,000 times deadlier than cyanide.
    • p The sixteenth letter and twelfth consonant of the English alphabet, having a corresponding position in other alphabets. The scheme of parallel forms, as given in the case of the other letters (see especially A), is as follows: The usual Greek II was made by extending the originally short second perpendicular limb; the Latin (whence our) P, by curving the same around to meet the perpendicular (see R). P in all these alphabets stands for the same unvarying sound: namely, for the surd labial mute (corresponding to b as sonant, and m as nasal), made with closure of the lips, during the maintenance of which closure there is complete silence, its character being brought to light by explosion upon the following sound. The p-sound is in English much less common (below a third) than the t-sound, and slightly less common (about four fifths) than the k-sound. The character p has no varieties or irregularities of pronunciation in English save as it is silent at the beginning of a few Greek words, as psalm, pneumatic, pteropod, and, much more rarely, elsewhere, as in receipt, accompt. It enters into one important digraph, namely ph, found in numerous words of classical origin, and pronounced as f (but originally as written, or as an aspirated p, a p with an audible h after it, as in our compound uphill). (See ph.) According to the general law of correspondence, a p in the Germanic part of our language should represent an original b; but b appears to have been almost altogether wanting in the primitive language of our family; and hence our p, when not of classical origin, or borrowed from elsewhere, is the result of some irregular process.
    • p As a medieval numeral, 400; with a dash over it , 400,000.
    • p As a symbol: In chem., the symbol for phosphorus.
    • p In mathematics, the Greek capital II denotes a continued product.
    • p Thus for which Π (1 + m) is also written, denotes the product (1 + m) m (m − 1) … 3.2.1. The small Greek letter π denotes the ratio of the circumference to the diameter, or 3.14159265359 + . This notation was introduced by Euler. The other form of the Greek minuscule, ω%26, denotes in astronomy the longitude of the perihelion.
    • p An abbreviation: Of post in P. M., post meridiem, afternoon, and P. S., postscript.
    • p [lowercase] Of page (past participle standing for pages).
    • p [lowercase] In music, of piano, softly (past participle standing for pianissimo, very softly)
    • p [lowercase] In a ship's log-book, of passing showers.
    • p [lowercase] In zoology: Of partim. In dental formulas, same as pm. In ichthyology, of pectoral (fin). In echinoderms, of polyplacid.
    • p In medicine, of (Optic) papilla; pupil; pugillus, handful.
    • n p An abbreviation of participial adjective, employed in this dictionary.
    • n p An abbreviation of the Latin partes æquales, equal parts.
    • n p An abbreviation of Pharmacopœia Britannica, British Pharmacopœia.
    • n p An abbreviation of Privy Councilor; of police constable.
    • n p An abbreviation of Pharmacopœia Dublinensis, Dublin Pharmacopœia.
    • n p An abbreviation of Pharmacopœia Edinensis, Edinburgh Pharmacopœia; of Protestant Episcopal.
    • n p An abbreviation: of post meridiem, ‘after noon or midday’ (also P. M., p. m.): frequently used as synonymous with afternoon or evening;
    • n p of postmaster;
    • n p of peculiar meter.
    • n p An abbreviation: of post-office;
    • n p (nautical) of petty officer.
    • n p An abbreviation of postscript; (theatrical) of prompt-side.
    • p The initial of pressure, used in formulæ for fluid pressure, as of liquids or gases upon an area. In British and American writings it is usually expressed in pounds per square inch or pounds per square foot, the zero of pressures being the vacuum line as given by the barometer, or about 14.7 pounds below the pressure of the atmosphere. In metric units it is usually expressed in kilograms per square centimeter.
    • p In mechan., a symbol for power.
    • p In psychophysics, the symbol for the Fechnerian time-error.
    • p An abbreviation: Of population.
    • p Of the Latin pars, apart.
    • p [lowercase or cap.] Of participle.
    • p [lowercase or cap.] Of past.
    • p Of the Latin pater, father.
    • p [lowercase or cap.] Of penny.
    • p [lowercase or cap.] Of pint.
    • p [lowercase or cap.] Of pipe.
    • p [lowercase or cap.] Of pole.
    • p Of the Latin pondere, by weight.
    • p In electro-technics, of power.
    • p Of president.
    • p Of prince.
    • p Of professor.
    • p An abbreviation of Post Adjutant.
    • p An abbreviation of particular average, a term used in marine-insurance policies. See average, n., 1. .
    • n p An abbreviation of the Latin Philosophiæ Baccalaureus, Bachelor of Philosophy;
    • n p of Primitive Baptist.
    • n p An abbreviation of the Latin Patres Conscripti, Conscript Fathers;
    • n p of Perpetual Curate;
    • n p [lowercase] of the Latin per centum, by the hundred;
    • n p of the Latin pondus civile, avoirdupois weight;
    • n p of Post Commander;
    • n p [lowercase] of post- or postal-card;
    • n p [lowercase] of the Latin post consulatum, after the consulship;
    • n p of Principal Conductor;
    • n p of Privy Council.
    • n p An abbreviation of potential difference;
    • n p of the Latin Philosophiæ Doctor, Doctor of Philosophy.
    • n p An abbreviation of Presiding Elder.
    • n p An abbreviation of the Italian piu forte, a little louder
    • n p [caps.] of Procurator-Fiscal.
    • n p An abbreviation of Past Grand
    • n p of the Latin Pharmacopœia Germanica, German Pharmacopœia.
    • n p In ceramics, the abbreviation of ‘Paris granite,’ a trade-name.
    • n p An abbreviation of Philippine Islands.
    • n p An abbreviation of Justice of the Peace
    • n p of Police Justice
    • n p of Presiding Judge
    • n p of Probate Judge.
    • n p An abbreviation of Paradise Lost
    • n p of Poet Laureate
    • n p [lowercase or cap.] in psychology, of partial limen.
    • p An abbreviation of Pacific Mail
    • p of Past Master
    • p of Past Midshipman
    • p of Paymaster.
    • n p An abbreviation of Postal Order
    • n p of Province of Ontario.
    • n p An abbreviation of Parish Priest;
    • n p of the Latin Paler Patriæ, Father of his Country;
    • n p [lowercase] in law, of per procuration, done by proxy;
    • n p of the Latin punctum proximum, nearest point (namely, of accommodation to which the eye can adjust itself).
    • n p An abbreviation of Previous Question;
    • n p of Province of Quebec.
    • n p An abbreviation of the Latin Populus Romanus, the Roman People;
    • n p of Porto Rico;
    • n p of the Latin punctum remotum, farthest point (namely, of accommodation to which the eye can adjust itself).
    • p An abbreviation [lowercase] of passed School of Instruction (of Officers);
    • p [capitalized] of Permanent Secretary;
    • p [capitalized] of Privy Seal.
    • p An abbreviation [lowercase or cap.] of post-town
    • p of pupil-teacher.
    • n p An abbreviation of post-village.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The A & P was the first chain-store business to be established. It began in 1842.
    • P the sixteenth letter of our alphabet, its sound the sharp labial mute, interchanging with other labials, esp. with b, the flat labial mute: P=400; the chemical symbol for phosphorus: (math.) the Greek Π=a continued product, while small π denotes the ratio of the circumference to the diameter.—Mind one's p's and q's (see Mind).
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Quotations

  • Ken Blanchard
    Ken Blanchard
    “HELP = H(umor), E-go, edging God out, L-istening, P-urpose”
  • T. Boone Pickens
    T. Boone Pickens
    “Far too many executives have become more concerned with the four P's -- pay, perks, power and prestige -- rather than making profits for shareholders.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Luck is a very good word if you put a P before it.”
  • Donald Trump
    Donald%20Trump
    “I'm a bit of a P. T. Barnum. I make stars out of everyone.”
  • Aneurin Bevan
    Aneurin%20Bevan
    “You're not an M.P., you're a gastronomic pimp.”

Idioms

Mind Your P's and Q's - If you are careful about the way you behave and are polite, you mind Your P's and Q's.
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Usage

In literature:

So late, in fact, that J. P. had gone.
"The End of the Rainbow" by Marian Keith
REIMER, E.P.D., p. 31.
"Gems (?) of German Thought" by Various
Ephraim P. Bradford, Nathaniel A.
"The History of Dartmouth College" by Baxter Perry Smith
AYRES, W. P., on bud-variation in pelargoniums, i.
"The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, Volume II (of 2)" by Charles Darwin
There are only two edible species, P. retirugis and P. solidipes.
"The Mushroom, Edible and Otherwise" by M. E. Hard
The incident narrated above occurred about one P.M. on Sunday, May 3.
"War from the Inside" by Frederick L. (Frederick Lyman) Hitchcock
The cast at Philadelphia was P. Richings, Ed.
"Annals of Music in America" by Henry Charles Lahee
You'll be equipped with P-51 ships and have a flight of three.
"A Yankee Flier Over Berlin" by Al Avery
P. (G. P.) on the editor of Prideaux's Doctrine of Conscience, 273.
"Notes and Queries, Index of Volume 5, January-June, 1852" by Various
III, p. 112; 1882, Id., p. 237; 1884, present volume, Chap.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume IV" by Various
Among the largest pledges were those of Miss Kate Gleason of Rochester, N.Y., for $1,200; Mrs. Oliver H.P.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume V"
President Wilson sent an urgent telegram to Speaker H. P. Merritt.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume VI" by Various
This I have already alluded to (p. 3).
"Needlework As Art" by Marian Alford
It was after 2 o'clock P.M. before the purpose to evacuate the city was announced; and the government had gone at 8 P.M.!
"A Rebel War Clerk's Diary at the Confederate States Capital" by John Beauchamp Jones
P takes P (or PxP) 6.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 1" by Various
Panch Phul Rani, p. 140, shines in the dark jungle like a star.
"Indian Fairy Tales" by Anonymous
Evan turned around and smiled at the expression of A. P.'s face.
"A Canadian Bankclerk" by J. P. Buschlen
Waterman's list (1920. p. 206); t. Waterman's text (1920); M. Merriam's village lists; p, an estimate.
"The Aboriginal Population of the North Coast of California" by Sherburne Friend Cook
Should Black play 4...P - Kt 3, then R P x P, P x P; P - B 6 ch with the same result.
"Chess Fundamentals" by José Raúl Capablanca
HACHET-SOUPLET, P. See 110, p. 91.
"Clever Hans" by Oskar Pfungst
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In poetry:

P was a little Pig,
Went out to take a walk;
Papa he said, 'If Piggy dead,
He'd all turn into Pork!'
"Nonsense Alphabet" by Edward Lear
Trumpeter, what are you scrounging now;
Is it the call I'm seeking?
The dinner smells good, p'rhaps it's suetty pud,
Or they're bringing the bubble-an'-squeak in.
"The Trumpeter" by Billy Bennett
He pointed a blind where strange shadows were seen—
Wild pantomime hinting of revels within—
‘We’ll drop on M‘Fly, if you’ll listen to me,
‘And prove we are right to O’Hara, J. P.’’
"O'Hara, J.P." by Henry Lawson
Fleeting years fulfil Fate's sentence,
Eyes must dim, and hair turn gray,
Age bring wrinkles, p'rhaps repentance;
Youth shall quickly hie away,
And that time when youth has went hence,
We - and love - have had our day.
"While Yet We May" by Harry Breaker Morant
I want to see Marindy and he'p her with her sewin',
And hear her talk so lovin' of her man that's dead and gone,
And stand up with Emanuel to show me how he's growin',
And smile as I have saw her 'fore she putt her mournin' on.
"Griggsby's Station" by James Whitcomb Riley
At Whitehall, London, mothers and fathers did call,
And the pitiful scene did the spectators' hearts appal;
But the most painful case was the mother of J. P. Scarlet,
Who cried, "Oh, Heaven, the loss of my son I'll never forget."
"The Loss of the 'Victoria'" by William Topaz McGonagall

In news:

Fran Hildwine, BS, NREMT-P, CCEMT-P Thursday, November 12, 2009.
ANDREW DARLEY, A TECH AT MERCY MEDICAL CENTER, USED C-P-R TO REVIVE AN UNCONSCIOUS PERSON ON AUGUST 26TH DARLEY SAYS C-P-R IS A SKILL EVERYONE SHOULD LEARN.
Monday 9 am - 9 p.m. Tuesday 9 am - 9 p.m.
Seventh Son Termite and Pest Management , Inc. Monday 8 am - 5 p.m. Tuesday 8 am - 5 p.m.
Janesville Parker at Middleton girls basketball - 7:30 p.m. Madison Memorial at Sun Prairie boys basketball - 7:30 p.m.
Tuesday 9 am - 6 p.m. Wednesday 9 am - 6 p.m.
Sun, Nov 25: 12:10 pm 3:15 pm 6:20 pm 9:25 p.m. Mon, Nov 26: 12:10 pm 3:15 pm 6:20 pm 9:25 p.m.
Tuesday 9 am - 8 p.m. Wednesday 9 am - 8 p.m.
The hands on project was part of the P.R.E.P.
9 am to 9 p.m. 9 am to 8 p.m. Attraction/restaurant closures: Indiana Jones Adventure.
Monday 7 am - 11 p.m. Tuesday 7 am - 11 p.m.
Former Sen George Mitchell, negotiator in Northern Ireland Peace Accord, will give his insight on the role of the negotiator in business, politics and peace tonight (Thursday) at the University of San Diego from 7 p.m.-8:30 p.m.
No 18 New Mexico vs Valparaiso, 8 p.m. No 24 Wichita State vs Northern Colorado, 7 p.m. Memphis Commercial Appeal.
Mon­day, August 6 at 1 pm Golfers should report by 12:30 p.m. Tues­day, August 7 at 3 pm Golfers should report by 2:30 p.m.
30 pm to 10 p.m. Monday 4 pm to 10 p.m. Tuesday 4 pm to 10 p.m.
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In science:

Lemma 4 For p ∈ P (TρP × T ∗ρ P ), the covariance matrix of p is described as fol lows: m (p) = ZTρP ZT ∗ ρ P kX k2x ⊗ x p( dx, dX ).
A Linear Programming Approach to Attainable Cram\'{e}r-Rao type Bounds and Randomness Condition II
Since P + f (P ) is a finitely generated submodule of G, there exists a submodule P ′ of G with P + f (P ) ⊆ P ′ such that P ′/P belongs to t.
Infinite dimensional representations of canonical algebras
Recall that c = p/[p, p] for each p ∈ B and that c is independent on the choice of p, up to a canonical isomorphism, ˙g → c, (x, p) 7→ x + [p, p] is smooth.
Induced and simple modules of double affine Hecke algebras
Consequently the probability distribution, P (p), is transformed into ˜P ( ˜p) = P (1− p) and the random system is self-dual, if the probability distribution is symmetric: P (p) = P (1 − p) and thus the average value of p is given by hpi = pc = 1/2.
Percolation in random environment
P , Q ∧ R]] = [[P , Q]] ∧ R + (−1)q(p+1)Q ∧ [[P , R]], (−1)pr [[[[P , Q]], R]] + (−1)qr [[[[R, P ]], Q]] + (−1)pq [[[[Q, R]], P ]] = 0, for X ∈ Γ(A), f ∈ C ∞(M , R), P ∈ Γ(∧pA), Q ∈ Γ(∧qA) and R ∈ Γ(∧rA) (see ).
Jacobi groupoids and generalized Lie bialgebroids
Let Q be a quantale. A nonempty set P ⊆ Q − {1} is cyclic, iff P ∪ {1} is residual ly closed, t = V P = 1 → p ← 1 for every p ∈ P , and every element p ∈ P can be recovered from t, i.e., p = a → t ← b for some a, b ∈ Q.
On simple and semisimple quantales
Given is a symplectic manifold (P, ω ), a left Lie group action of G on P that admits a momentum map J : P → g∗ , that is, XJξ = ξP , for any ξ ∈ g, where Jξ (p) := hJ(p), ξ i, p ∈ P , is the ξ–component of J.
Symmetry breaking for toral actions in simple mechanical systems
By the very arguments of the proof of Lemma 4.13, it follows immediately that φP corresponds to the identity isomorphism of P ; namely, ∀p ∈ P ; φP(p, ep)−1 e = φP(p, ep)−1 , ∀(p, ep) ∈ P ⊙ P.
Holonomy and parallel transport in the differential geometry of the space of loops and the groupoid of generalized gauge transformations
Definition 2 Hom [P , G] is the set of al l functors from the groupoid P to the group G, i.e. is the set of al l maps ¯A : P → G such that ¯A(p′p) = ¯A(p′ ) ¯A(p) and ¯A(p−1 ) = ¯A(p)−1 .
On the structure of the space of generalized connections
G Proof of Proposition 3.8 The variational distance for p, p′ ∈ PY is defined as kp − p′k = Py |p(y) − p′ (y)| and extended to conditional pmf ’s p, p′ ∈ PY |X as kp − p′k = maxx Py |p(y |x) − p′ (y |x)|.
Capacity and Random-Coding Exponents for Channel Coding with Side Information
Let Hom [P , G] denote the set of functors from the groupoid P to the group G, i.e. the set of maps ¯A : P → G such that ¯A(p′p) = ¯A(p′ ) ¯A(p) and ¯A(p−1 ) = ¯A(p)−1 .
Functorial Aspects of the Space of Generalized Connections
PρPβ + Pβ Pρ ) + K ρ [ bJαβ , bC ] = −K ρ β (PρPα + PαPρ ) The r-h-s is not zero in general but it is zero trivially if the space-time is an Einstein space.
Isometry germs and related structures
The bounds R†+ (1|p) and R‡+ (1|p) are shortest among the above bounds because R(ǫ|p), R† (ǫ|p), R‡ (ǫ|p), ˜R(ǫ|p), ˜R† (ǫ|p), and ˜R‡ (ǫ|p) are not de fined for epsilon = 1.
Second order asymptotics in fixed-length source coding and intrinsic randomness
S (ǫ, a|p) = R† (1 − ǫ, a|p) = R‡ (1 − ǫ, a|p) = H (ǫ, a|p), S † (ǫ, a|p) = S ‡ (ǫ, a|p) = R(1 − ǫ, a|p) = H (ǫ, a|p).
Second order asymptotics in fixed-length source coding and intrinsic randomness
For instance, {p, ¬p, q} |∼ p and {p, ¬p, q} |∼ ¬p and {p, ¬p, q} |∼ q and {p, ¬p, q} 6|∼ ¬q .
Preferential and Preferential-discriminative Consequence relations
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