nOsmanthuswidely distributed genus of evergreen shrubs or trees of southern United States and Middle East and China and Japan
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
nosmanthusA genus of shrubs and trees of the gamopetalous order Oleaceæ and the tribe Oleineæ, known by the imbricated corolla-lobes, and thick, hard, woody endocarp. There are about 8 species, natives of North America, eastern Asia, and the Pacific. They bear opposite evergreen undivided leaves, and small flowers in axillary clusters, followed by woody or stony roundish drupes. The highly fragrant flowers of O. fragrans, an evergreen shrub of China and Japan, afford a perfumers' oil, and are used by the Chinese to scent tea. O. Americanus, of the southeastern United States, is called devil-wood.
Osmanthus Aquifolium purpureus, the hardiest of the Osmanthus.
"Trees and Shrubs for English Gardens" by Ernest Thomas Cook
Researchers at National Chi Nan University have reported that Osmanthus fragrans inhibits the action of tyrosinase.