Orthoptera

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Orthoptera grasshoppers and locusts; crickets
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • prop. n. pl Orthoptera (Zoöl) An order of mandibulate insects including grasshoppers, locusts, cockroaches, mantids, crickets, katydids, etc. See Illust. under Insect.☞ The anterior wings are usually thickened and protect the membranous posterior wings, which are larger and fold longitudinally like a fan. They also have chewing mouth parts. The Orthoptera undergo no metamorphosis.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • Orthoptera An order of the class Insecta proposed by Olivier in 1789 for certain straight-winged insects which Linnæus had placed in Hemiptera, and to which De Geer in 1773 had restricted the order Hemiptera, placing the true bugs in a new order Dermaptera. The order as now understood contains insects in which metamorphosis is incomplete and wings are almost always present, of which the hinder pair are dilated, folded from the base, and of membranous texture, while the fore pair are more or less coriaceous, usually narrow and straight (but variable in this respect), and thickly veined. These insects are active and capable of feeding in all stages from birth to death. Seven families — or, as some consider, tribes or supcrfamilies — are now recognized. These are the Blattidæ, or cockroaches; Mantidæ, or praying-insects; Phasmidæ, or walking-sticks; Gryllidæ, or crickets; Locustidæ, or long-horned grasshoppers or katydids; and Acrididæ, or short-horned grasshoppers or true locusts, including the migratory species. (See locust for an explanation of the fact that the Locustidæ are not locusts.) The Orthoptera are in the main herbivorous, but the Mantidæ are carnivorous, and some of the Blattidæ are omnivorous. They are found all over the world, but most numerously in the tropics, where among them are the largest known representatives of the whole insect class. All the known species are terrestrial or arboreal, no aquatic forms having been discovered; and according to their habitual mode of progression the families have been grouped by Westwood as Cursoria, Raptoria, Ambulatoria, and Suliatoria. The Orthoptera are among the earliest forms of insect life to appear in geologic time, and the Blattidæ in particular are very numerous in some geological formations. The main characters used in classifying the Orthoptera are derived from the modifications of the genitals, mouth-parts, and antennæ. See cuts under Blattidæ, Gryllidæ, Insecta, katydid, locust, and Mantis.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Orthoptera or-thop′tėr-a an order of insects with wing-covers, that overlap at the top when shut, under which are the true wings, which fold lengthwise like a fan
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
NL., fr. Gr. 'orqo`s straight + feather, wing
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. orthos, straight, ptera, pl. of pteron, wing.

Usage

In literature:

But do look at these delicate orthoptera!
"Middlemarch" by George Eliot
Please to tell me where I can find any account of the auditory organs in the Orthoptera.
"The Life and Letters of Charles Darwin, Volume II (of II)" by Charles Darwin
Please to tell me where I can find any account of the auditory organs in the orthoptera?
"More Letters of Charles Darwin Volume II" by Charles Darwin
To my own knowledge, my part of the country possesses five species, one and all addicted to a diet of Orthoptera.
"More Hunting Wasps" by J. Henri Fabre
Results of Yale Peruvian Expedition of 1911, Orthoptera (Addenda to the Acridiidae).
"Inca Land" by Hiram Bingham
Orthoptera, 408. the soothsayer, leaf-insect, 410.
"Sketches of the Natural History of Ceylon" by J. Emerson Tennent
The Orthoptera, of which the Mantes form a branch, are the first-born of the insect world.
"Social Life in the Insect World" by J. H. Fabre
They all belong to one large family or order, the ORTHOPTERA.
"The Insect Folk" by Margaret Warner Morley
Of insects it prefers spiders and the Orthoptera; eggs and small birds are also eagerly devoured.
"Natural History of the Mammalia of India and Ceylon" by Robert A. Sterndale
Ambulatoria: that series of Orthoptera in which the legs are fitted for walking only; Phasmids.
"Explanation of Terms Used in Entomology" by John. B. Smith
ORTHOPTERA, regeneration of hind legs in the, ii.
"The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, Volume II (of 2)" by Charles Darwin
I have but little more to say on the Orthoptera.
"The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex, Vol. I (1st edition)" by Charles Darwin
SIEBOLD, C. T. von, on the auditory apparatus of the stridulant orthoptera, i.
"The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex" by Charles Darwin
ORTHOPTERA Grasshoppers, Crickets, Cockroaches, &c. 6.
"On the Origin and Metamorphoses of Insects" by Sir John Lubbock
I saw very few flies, butterflies, or bees, and no crickets or Orthoptera.
"On the Variation of Species, with Especial Reference to the Insecta ; Followed by an Inquiry into the Nature of Genera" by Thomas Vernon Wollaston
There are no aquatic Orthoptera.
"Directions for Collecting and Preserving Insects" by C. V. Riley
This has been found to be the case in insects so widely different as Orthoptera and Aculeate Hymenoptera.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 13, Slice 4" by Various
Orthoptera (Cockroach, Mantis, the most part undergoing { Mole-cricket, Grasshopper, Katydid, etc.).
"Taxidermy and Zoological Collecting" by William T. Hornaday
Orthoptera, 192; sound-making of, 193.
"Elementary Zoology, Second Edition" by Vernon L. Kellogg
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