• Orthographic projection
    Orthographic projection
  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Orthograph (Arch) An orthographic projection, sometimes partly in section, esp. of a building.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n orthograph An orthographic projection; specifically, an orthographic drawing exhibiting a structure in external or internal elevation. The internal orthograph is usually called a vertical section, and sometimes a sciagraph.
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Ortho-, + -graph,


In literature:

I have no dictionary, and I do not want one; I can select words by the sound, or by orthographic aspect.
"The $30,000 Bequest and Other Stories" by Mark Twain
OWYHEE, or Hawaii, as it is written by more exact orthographers, is the largest of the cluster, ten in number, of the Sandwich Islands.
"Astoria Or, Anecdotes Of An Enterprise Beyond The Rocky Mountains" by Washington Irving
But the terrible Nemesis of an un-Spanish, American provincial speech avenged the orthographical outrage at once.
"A Millionaire of Rough-and-Ready" by Bret Harte
At first Miss Cramp's "giving out" of the words was like repeated volleys of small-arms in this orthographical battle.
"Ruth Fielding of the Red Mill" by Alice B. Emerson
Tribes, V, 487, 1855 (gives Kane's list but with many orthographical changes).
"Indian Linguistic Families Of America, North Of Mexico" by John Wesley Powell
Very few working-people write readily; and writing orthographically is beyond the powers even of many "educated" persons.
"The Condition of the Working-Class in England in 1844 with a Preface written in 1892" by Frederick Engels
Dr Hodgson accuses himself of being the originator of the orthographic variation.
"Mrs. Piper & the Society for Psychical Research" by Michael Sage
But who could possibly have supposed an orthographer loose!
"The Gentle Art of Making Enemies" by James McNeill Whistler
Eighteenth-century orthographic practice would have permitted such spellings.
"Atalantis Major" by Daniel Defoe
Its use as a sign of quantity then, would be an orthographical expedient, or an inconvenient conventional mode of spelling.
"A Handbook of the English Language" by Robert Gordon Latham
It is of particular value in interpreting orthographic drawing.
"College Teaching" by Paul Klapper
He cannot write a note without orthographical errors; he reads only a sporting paper; he was the booby of Stilbro' grammar school!
"Shirley" by Charlotte Brontë
The mechanical work of the drawing office is confined strictly to orthographic projections and sections of objects.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 7" by Various
The English language abounds in orthographical expedients; the mode of expressing the quantity of the vowels being particularly numerous.
"The English Language" by Robert Gordon Latham
MULCASTER attempts orthographical reform, 385; his praise of the English language, 386.
"Amenities of Literature" by Isaac Disraeli
It is therefore often called drawing in plan and elevation, and sometimes simply orthographic projection.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 11, Slice 6" by Various
He then presents us with the Lord's Prayer, the Creed, the Decalogue, &c., as orthographical theses.
"Schools, School-Books and Schoolmasters" by W. Carew Hazlitt
Only orthographic further variations.
"The Complete Works of Richard Crashaw, Volume I (of 2)" by Richard Crashaw
We frequently see individuals who, although they are generally correct orthographers, cannot sometimes spell a simple conjunction.
"Curiosities of Medical Experience" by J. G. (John Gideon) Millingen
They are not theoretical, but orthographical.
"Piano Playing" by Josef Hofmann

In news:

For drawing (EDRW) files, the Play button operates similarly, except that the 2D dimensions are overlaid on the model at each orthographic view stop.
This means they represented the variety of English associated with such media — generally formal, edited prose using the grammatical and orthographic conventions of 'standard English'.
Previous lessons have covered the three types of formal drawing one might encounter in woodworking, as well as the Orthographic Projection system of drawing for representing the design of a project.
With the first half of this weekend's Spokane Is Spelling event looming -- the Kids' Spelling Bee, on Saturday afternoon at River Park Square -- it's clear that these kids have orthographical skills they just can't wait to display.
Get ready to flex some mental muscle and scarf down some tasty word salad with these stimulating gaming apps for the orthographically inclined.

In science:

The task we address in this paper consists of generating phonemic representations reflecting the Flemish and Dutch pronunciations of a word on the basis of its orthographic representation (which in turn is based on the actual speech recordings).
Meta-Learning for Phonemic Annotation of Corpora
As available speech recognition technology is not yet up to generating this annotation automatically, it has to be produced from the (manually transcribed) orthographic transcription.
Meta-Learning for Phonemic Annotation of Corpora
In this section we reported research on the generation of a maximally accurate phonemic representation for both Dutch and Flemish reflecting the pronunciation of a given word on the basis of its orthographic representation.
Meta-Learning for Phonemic Annotation of Corpora
It is drawn into an orthographical projection of the sky with celestial coordinates for declination and hour angle, for a location at 28.5◦N (Tenerife). T he two overlapping squares indicate the 28◦ × 28◦ views of the cameras, which range from declinations of 45◦ to over 70◦ .
A Prototype for the PASS Permanent All Sky Survey
On the other range of the spectrum, variable independence (defined in terms of orthographic dimension) gives rise to a less expressive data model which has the advantage of a lower complexity of query evaluation [Grumbach et al. 1998; Libkin 2000].
First-order Complete and Computationally Complete Query Languages for Spatio-Temporal Databases
Whether because of the quality of paper, the nature of the font, the orthographic variations or the actual blurred transitions between the various fields of the dictionary, it can appear to be quite complex to organise the initial material as a real structured object which can be precisely queried and cross-linked.
Stabilizing knowledge through standards - A perspective for the humanities
For example, for orthographic cameras in space, m = 3 cameras and n = 3 points lead to a locally unique reconstruction .
A structure from motion inequality
Special cases are weak perspective cameras and more specially orthographic affine cameras, where the image is the orthogonal pro jection of space onto the retinal plane. A weak perspective camera is an orthogonal pro jection onto a plane combined with an additional scaling in that plane.
A structure from motion inequality
One can think of orthographic cameras as pinhole cameras with the center of pro jection C is at infinity.
A structure from motion inequality
In the orthographic affine 3D case for example, the location of 4 points determines any other point by linearity.
A structure from motion inequality
In the affine orthographic 3D case, the classical Ullman theorem states that 4 points suffice to reconstruct points uniquely up to a reflection.
A structure from motion inequality
In dimension d, an affine orthographic camera is determined by f = dim(SOd ) + Rd−1 = d(d − 1)/2 + (d − 1) parameters and a point by d parameters.
A structure from motion inequality
For m = 2 orthographic cameras in space and arbitrarily many points, there are always deformation ambiguities.
A structure from motion inequality
Figure 2 The forbidden region in the (n, m) plane for affine orthographic cameras.
A structure from motion inequality
The map Q is the orthographic pro jection of a point P onto S = S (Q).
A structure from motion inequality