Ophidia

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Ophidia snakes
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • prop. n. pl Ophidia (Zoöl) The suborder of reptiles which includes the serpents; called also Serpentes .☞ The most important divisions are: the Solenoglypha, having erectile perforated fangs, as the rattlesnake; the Proteroglypha, or elapine serpents, having permanently erect fang, as the cobra; the Asinea, or colubrine serpents, which are destitute of fangs; and the Opoterodonta, or Epanodonta, blindworms, in which the mouth is not dilatable.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • Ophidia An order of the class Reptilia, without developed limbs, with mobile quadrate bone and separate mandibular rami; the snakes or serpents. The name was introduced to replace Serpentes of Linnæus, and at first included not only serpents in a proper sense, but certain footless lizards, and even the amphibians of the family Cæciliidæ. In Ophidia proper there is never any trace of fore limbs, and at most very rudimentary hind limbs, represented externally by mere anal spurs or processes of the integument. There is no sternum. The ribs are very numerous, and are so arranged as to become indirect organs of locomotion by their action upon the skin and so on the scales of the belly. The vertebræ are procœlous, very numerous, not united in any sacrum, and bearing no chevron-bones. The skull has no quadratojugal arch nor parietal foramen; the lower jaw is articulated with a movable quadrate bone, and its rami are connected only by fibrous tissue. The bones of both jaws are generally freely movable, so that the mouth is enormously distensible. The tongue is slender, forked, and protrusile, subserving a tactile office. Teeth are present in one or both jaws, usually in both; they are numerous and sharp, and in venomous Ophidia some of the upper ones, usually a single pair, are eularged, hooked, grooved, or apparently perforate, and thus converted into poison-fangs. The eyes have no movable lids, the cuticle extending directly over the eyeball. The cuticle is scaly, forming many very regularly arranged rows of scales on the upper parts, and usually larger modified scutes on the under side, called gastrosteges and urosteges, serving to some extent for locomotion. There is a pair of extracloacal penes in the male; the female is oviparous or ovoviviparous. Ophidia are variously subdivided — by Duméril and Bibron into Opoterodonta, Aglyphodonta, Proteroglypha, and Solenoglypha, an arrangement substantially now current, though with sorrre modifications. Cope's latest arrangement is Epanodonta, Catodonta, Tortricina, which are opoterodont, Asinea, which are aglyphodont, Proteroglypha, and Solenoglypha. There are 20 families and about 300 genera, of which more than 200 belong to the family Colubridæ alone. See also cut under Python.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
NL., fr. Gr. , dim. of 'o`fis a snake

Usage

In literature:

Notes on Mexican snakes (Ophidia).
"The Amphibians and Reptiles of Michoacán, México" by William E. Duellman
Herpetomorpha include Lacertilia, Homoeosauria, Dolichosauria, Chameleonoidea, Ophidia, Pythonomorpha.
"Dragons of the Air" by H. G. Seeley
OPHIDIA, sexual differences of, ii.
"The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex" by Charles Darwin
Common primary form of Serpents (Ophidia); 52.
"The History of Creation, Vol. II (of 2)" by Ernst Haeckel
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In news:

Learning Flame-Free Poi at Ophidia Studio.
But the tennis staples take on a different purpose in poi classes at Ophidia Studio.
Get a (near) Cirque-worthy workout at Ophidia Studio.
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