Occamism

Definitions

  • Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Occamism ok′am-mizm the doctrine of the nominalist schoolman, William of Occam or Ockham (c. 1270-1349)
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Usage

In literature:

In honour of his maternal grandfather, Sir Hercules Occam of Bishop's Occam, he was christened Hercules.
"Crome Yellow" by Aldous Huxley
Dan Occam thought of that, invincible doctor.
"Ulysses" by James Joyce
He studied in Paris under William of Occam.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Part 4" by Various
The cause of the Nominalists was almost desperate, till Occam in the fourteenth century revived the dying embers.
"Curiosities of Literature, Vol. 1 (of 3)" by Isaac D'Israeli
For Occam's sake, be specific!
"Planet of the Damned" by Harry Harrison
Occam's razor always points the way.
"The Misplaced Battleship" by Harry Harrison (AKA Henry Maxwell Dempsey)
Occam's razor has no answer for hallucinations.
"Card Trick" by Walter Bupp AKA Randall Garrett
Occam, leader of scholasticism, 122.
"History of Education" by Levi Seeley
Occam, William of, 379.
"History of Human Society" by Frank W. Blackmar
His work consists in the systematic development of the views of his master, William of Occam.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Slice 7" by Various
For Occam's sake be specific!
"Sense of Obligation" by Henry Maxwell Dempsey (AKA Harry Harrison)
They accomplish the transition from S. Thomas and Occam to Bacon, Descartes and Spinoza.
"Renaissance in Italy: Italian Literature" by John Addington Symonds
Hence, in accordance with Occam's razor, we shall do well to abstain from either assuming or denying points and instants.
"Our Knowledge of the External World as a Field for Scientific Method in Philosophy" by Bertrand Russell
In this Leibniz repeated an argument used by the ancient Arabs, Roger Bacon, and William of Occam.
"The philosophy of B*rtr*nd R*ss*ll" by Various
Melanchthon read the writings of WILLIAM OCCAM, an old scholastic, with great zeal.
"The Life of Philip Melanchthon" by Karl Friedrich Ledderhose
He likewise carefully studied the theologians, Occam and Gerson, who both express themselves so freely on the authority of the popes.
"History of the Reformation in the Sixteenth Century (Volume 1)" by J. H. Merle D'Aubigné
Occam, William of, 410, 429.
"Humphrey Duke of Gloucester" by K.H. Vickers
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In news:

The Close Shave of Occam’s Razor.
The Close Shave of Occam's Razor.
The topic for Monday, Nov 12, is Occam's Razor and how it may be applied to a variety of philosophical positions.
Many are familiar with the Occam 's Razor theory which implies, in a nutshell, that the simplest answer is most often the correct answer.
Honduras, Obama, and Occam 's Razor.
Bob Berman's Strange Universe: Applying Occam 's razor.
Occam 's Razor Just Got Sharper.
Occam 's razor is the principle that, given two hypotheses consistent with the observed data, the simpler one should be preferred.
The fourteenth-century theologian William of Occam was so fond of critiquing his colleagues' complex arguments that his rule of thumb--that the simplest solution to a problem is probably the correct one--became known as Occam 's razor.
Bob Berman's Strange Universe: Applying Occam's razor.
The fourteenth-century theologian William of Occam was so fond of critiquing his colleagues' complex arguments that his rule of thumb--that the simplest solution to a problem is probably the correct one--became known as Occam's razor.
Occam's Razor: use the simplest means possible to accomplish your goal.
In an age of information overload and too many choices, author Matthew E May applies Occam's razor — the simplest answer is often the best — to innovation.
Scott Logie, the managing director of Occam, has been promoted by parent company St Ives to a group-wide strategic marketing director role.
Occam's Razor and the Face on Mars.
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In science:

Using Occam’s Razor this coincidence is best explained by the existence of dark matter.
The Search for Dark Matter, Einstein's Cosmology and MOND
However, from a model selection point of view the choice of the variable one puts flat priors on is of great importance, since the available parameter space under the prior enters in the calculation of the Occam’s factor for the model, see the discussion in Trotta (2005).
The isocurvature fraction after WMAP 3-year data
At present, Occam’s razor is perfectly compatible with the simplest possibility, namely purely adiabatic initial conditions.
The isocurvature fraction after WMAP 3-year data
The Bayesian evidence sets up a tension between the ability of a model to fit the data and the prior predictiveness of the model, in a quantitative implementation of Occam’s razor.
Comment on `Tainted evidence: cosmological model selection versus fitting', by Eric V. Linder and Ramon Miquel (astro-ph/0702542v2)
Conceptually, it seems we have to learn to live in a multi-component complex Universe, which perhaps takes us away from an idealized model motivated by Occam’s razor.
Moriond Conference Summary: The Cosmological Model(s)
This interplay between the likelihood and the prior probability effectively implements Occam’s razor by selecting the most simple model that best describes the data.
Optimal Data-Based Binning for Histograms
However, applying Occam’s razor to the derivation of the LT, in a similar way to that in which it was applied to CEM in Ref. to obtain RCED, is there, in fact, any necessary connection between SRT and CEM? It was realised very early that the answer to this question is ‘No’.
The physics of space and time II: A reassessment of Einstein's 1905 special relativity paper
However, applying Occam’s razor, it is not the simplest and most economical one (i.e. that with the smallest number of, and the simplest, necessary initial postulates) to obtain SRT.
The physics of space and time II: A reassessment of Einstein's 1905 special relativity paper
If we restrict ourselves just to the question of LV, however, then Occam’s razor suggests that adding two new physical ideas is disfavored.
Causal sets and conservation laws in tests of Lorentz symmetry
Communicating Process Architecture: Transputers and Occam.
The Multi-Core Era - Trends and Challenges
Nevertheless, for the sake of simplicity and in view of Occam’s razor, – and consistent with the most recent experimental results for the BLs by Sun et al. (2008) – these simplifications have been used.
Large scale dynamics in turbulent Rayleigh-Benard convection
Where did the MBCs form? Occam’s Razor suggests that they formed in-place, a possibility that is consistent with current models and data in which the snow-line in the protoplanetary disk spent some time closer to the Sun than the current asteroid belt (i.e. asteroids could have trapped ice at formation).
Icy Bodies in the New Solar System
The truth of the fifth statement depends on what alt ernatives there are to the noise hypothesis; this is where physics comes in as well as Occam’s razor: is my theory the next most likely explanation of the observation? The presence of alternative theories also influences prior odds for hypotheses.
Significance Tests in Climate Science
Occam’s razor then tells us that we should not hypothesize a relationship for which there is no evidence.
Significance Tests in Climate Science
Yanagida, Seesaw Mechanism with Occam’s Razor, Phys.
Dark Matter, Baryogenesis and Neutrino Oscillations from Right Handed Neutrinos
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