• Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Novatian (Eccl. Hist) One of the sect of Novatius, or Novatianus, who held that the lapsed might not be received again into communion with the church, and that second marriages are unlawful.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • novatian Of or pertaining to Novatianus and his followers, or their doctrines.
    • n novatian In church hist., one of a sect founded in the middle of the third century by Novatianus (also called Novatus), a presbyter of Rome, who had himself consecrated bishop of Rome in opposition to Cornelius in 251. Another Novatus (of Carthage) was joint founder of the sect. Novatianus denied that the church had power to absolve or restore to communion those who after Christian baptism had lapsed or fallen into idolatry in time of persecution, and his followers appear to have refused the grant of forgiveness to all grave post-baptismal sin and denied the validity of Catholic baptism, considering themselves the true church. They assumed the name of Cathari, ‘the Pure,’ on the strength of their severity of discipline. In other respects than those mentioned the Novatians differed very little from the Catholics; and they were generally received back into communion on comparatively favorable terms. The sect continued to the sixth century. See Sabbatian.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Novatian nō-vā′shi-an of or pertaining to Novatianus, who had himself ordained Bishop of Rome in opposition to Cornelius (251), and headed the party of severity against the lapsed in the controversy about their treatment that arose after the Decian persecution
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In literature:

Agelius, Novatian bishop of Constantinople, 163.
"The Arian Controversy" by H. M. Gwatkin
The limitation of the Church to the community ruled by bishops was the result of the Novatian crisis.
"History of Dogma, Volume 2 (of 7)" by Adolph Harnack
Antony reproaches him for his tolerance towards the Novatians.
"The Temptation of St. Antony" by Gustave Flaubert
Novatian refused to restore either to Church privileges.
"The Expositor's Bible: The Epistle to the Hebrews" by Thomas Charles Edwards
Cyprian escaped by hiding, and subsequently caused the heresy of Novatian to be condemned in the council of 251.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 4" by Various
Do ye deny that the Novatians are called from Novatian?
"An Essay on the Development of Christian Doctrine" by John Henry Cardinal Newman
For if it is with Novatian, it was not with Cornelius.
"St. Peter, His Name and His Office" by Thomas W. Allies
NOVATIAN HERESY, Acts I., 237; Hebrews, 95.
"Expositor's Bible: Index" by S. G. Ayres