Nonjuror

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Nonjuror (Eng. Hist) One of those adherents of James II. who refused to take the oath of allegiance to William and Mary, or to their successors, after the revolution of 1688; a Jacobite.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n nonjuror In English history, one who refuses to swear allegiance to the sovereign: specifically, one of those clergymen of the Church of England who in 1689 refused to swear allegiance to William, Prince of Orange, and the Princess Mary, as king and queen of England, holding that they were still bound by the former oath to King James II., his heirs and successors. Dr. Sancroft, Archbishop of Canterbury, six bishops(among them Bishop Ken), and about four hundred other clergymen were deprived of their sees and livings by the new civil authority, and others put in their places. An episcopal succession was kept up by the nonjurors in buth England and Scotland, but their numbers rapidly diminished, and their last bishop died in 1805. Part of the nonjuring bishops retained the use of the Prayer-book of 1662, others restored the. communion office of 1549, and afterward (in 1718) introduced one founded on this, but largely conformed to primitive and Oriental liturgies. This exerted a strong influence on the various forms of the Scottish communion office till that of 1764, from which the prayer of consecration in the American Prayer-book is derived. According to their acceptance or rejection of certain ceremonies, called the usayes, the nonjurors were divided into two parties, called usagers and non-usagers. In the years 1716–25 the nonjurors made an attempt to establish intercommunion with the Orthodox Eastern Church, but without success. The nonjurors are noted for the great learning and piety of some of their leaders, such as Ken, Collier, Brett, Nelson, Law, etc. Among the Presbyterians of Scotland there was also a party known as nonjurors or nonjurants, who refused the oath of abjuration (afterward altered) as involving recognition of episcopacy.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Nonjuror one of the clergy in England and Scotland who would not swear allegiance to William and Mary in 1689, holding themselves still bound by the oath they had taken to the deposed king, James II
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Usage

In literature:

Six months, to be reckoned from that day, were allowed to the nonjuror for reconsideration.
"The History of England from the Accession of James II." by Thomas Babington Macaulay
While the nonjurors were rejoicing in this victory, he changed his mind again; but too late.
"The History of England from the Accession of James II." by Thomas Babington Macaulay
Nonjurors, oratories of, 354.
"Notes & Queries, Volume 2, May-December, 1850, Index" by Various
He was deprived of his see as a Nonjuror in 1691.
"The Cathedral Church of Peterborough" by W.D. Sweeting
The answer is clear enough; and, indeed, the case against the Nonjurors is nowhere so strong as on its political side.
"Political Thought in England from Locke to Bentham" by Harold J. Laski
In the Tractarians the Nonjurors seemed to have come to life again, and one might easily find enthusiastic Jacobites among them.
"Outspoken Essays" by William Ralph Inge
Nonjurors and Scotch Episcopalians could only meet by stealth in private houses.
"The English Church in the Eighteenth Century" by Charles J. Abbey and John H. Overton
Let us beware of imprisoning the nonjurors; of exiling, even of displacing them.
"History of the Girondists, Volume I" by Alphonse de Lamartine
The apprehensions thus artfully raised among the people inflamed their aversion to nonjurors and Jacobites.
"The History of England in Three Volumes, Vol.II. From William and Mary to George II." by Tobias Smollett
He was looked on as the head of the nonjurors, and died in March, 1721-2, at Glaslough, universally respected.
"Thomas Davis, Selections from his Prose and Poetry" by Thomas Davis
His opinions, as he was a nonjuror, seem not to have been remarkably rigid.
"The Works of Samuel Johnson, LL.D. in Nine Volumes" by Samuel Johnson
The Archbishop himself consecrated: one Nonjuror reading the prayers, another preaching.
"Stray Studies from England and Italy" by John Richard Greene
Thomas Baker, the historian, who was one of the Nonjurors, had taken the B.D.
"St. John's College, Cambridge" by Robert Forsyth Scott
Thenceforwards the clergy were divided into hostile factions, the Constitutionals and the Nonjurors.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 11, Slice 2" by Various
His inclination was towards the party of the nonjurors.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 12, Slice 3" by Various
Nay, if that were all, how, he asked himself, could he face the honest Nonjuror?
"Shrewsbury" by Stanley J. Weyman
It was defended in general by the nonjurors, and the whole school of Andrews.
"Constitutional History of England, Vol 1 of 3" by Henry Hallam
His biography reminds one more of the Vicar of Bray than the sturdy Nonjuror.
"Notes and Queries, Vol. V, Number 125, March 20, 1852" by Various
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