• WordNet 3.6
    • n nightingale European songbird noted for its melodious nocturnal song
    • n Nightingale English nurse remembered for her work during the Crimean War (1820-1910)
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Florence Nightingale Graham adopted the name Elizabeth Arden once her company became successful at the beginning of the 1900s.
    • Nightingale (Zoöl) A larger species (Lucinia philomela), of Eastern Europe, having similar habits; the thrush nightingale. The name is also applied to other allied species.
    • Nightingale (Zoöl) A small, plain, brown and gray European song bird (Luscinia megarhynchos syn. Luscinia luscinia). It sings at night, and is celebrated for the sweetness of its song.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Florence Nightingale served only two years of her life as a nurse. She contracted fever during her service in the Crimean War, and spent the last 50 years of her life as an invalid.
    • n nightingale A small sylviine bird of Europe, Asia, and Africa, belonging to the order Passeres, the suborder Oscines, the family Sylviidæ, and the genus Daulias. There are two kinds, formerly regarded as specifically identical, and variously called by ornithologists Motacilla or Sylvia or Philomela or Luscinia luscinia or philomela, and by other New Latin names. The two kinds are most commonly distinguished as Daulias luscinia or D. vera, the true nightingale, and D. philomela. The former is the one which is common in Great Britain, and to which the name nightingale specially pertains. The poets call both birds philomel or Philomela. The famous song of the nightingale, heard chiefly at night, is the love-song of the male, which ceases as soon as his propensities are gratified, as is usual with birds. The nightingale is migratory, like nearly all insectivorous birds of the northern hemisphere, extending its migrations far to the north of Europe in the spring. In England, where it appears about the middle of April and passes the summer, it is quite locally distributed, being very common in some places, and rare in or absent from others apparently equally suited to its habits. It haunts woods, copses, and hedgerows, especially where the soil is rich and moist, and is so secretive as to be oftener heard than seen. The favorite food of the nightingale is the larvæ of insects, especially the hymenopters, as wasps and ants. The nest is placed on the ground or near it; the eggs are 4 or 5 in number, pale olive-brown, about ⅘ inch long by a little over ½ inch broad. The length of the bird is 6¾ inches; its extent of wings is 10½ inches. The sexes are alike reddish-brown above, below pale grayish-brown, whitening on the throat and belly, the tail being brownish-red. This nightingale is sometimes specified as the brake-nightingale, when the other species (D. philomela) is called thrush-nightingale.
    • n nightingale Some bird which sings sweetly and hence is likened to or mistaken for a nightingale. Thus, the bird called Virginia nightingale is a finch, the cardinal grosbeak, Cardinalis virginianus; that called Indian nightingale is a kind of thrush, Kittacincla macrura. Persian nightingales are various bulbuls of the family Pycnonotidæ. (See Pycnonotus.) The mock nightingale is the black-capped warbler, Sylvia atricapilla.
    • n nightingale A sort of flannel scarf, with sleeves, designed to be worn by persons confined to bed. It was largely used by the sick and wounded in the Franco-German war, 1870–1.
    • n nightingale A title popularly given to Jenny Lind, the famous Swedish singer.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Nightingale nīt′in-gāl a small sylviine bird, of the Passerine family, widely distributed in the Old World, celebrated for the rich love-song of the male heard chiefly at night.
    • n Nightingale nīt′in-gāl a kind of flannel scarf with sleeves, worn by invalids when sitting up in bed.
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. nihtegale,nightingale, AS. nihtegale,; niht, night + galan, to sing, akin to E. yell,; cf. D. nachtegaal, OS. nahtigala, OHG. nahtigala, G. nachtigall, Sw. näktergal, Dan. nattergal,. See Night, and Yell
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
From the famous Crimean hospital nurse, Florence Nightingale, born 1820.


In literature:

I called her my nightingale for her singing was done at night.
"Sixty Years of California Song" by Margaret Blake-Alverson
The nightingale should have them all.
"Mary's Meadow" by Juliana Horatia Ewing
The wood extended straight down to the sea, and in the trees lived a Nightingale.
"Tell Me Another Story" by Carolyn Sherwin Bailey
The Nightingale Gisar is not here.
"The Laughing Prince" by Parker Fillmore
We see only the beams of the sun, but the spirits also hear them; we hear the song of the nightingale, but the spirits also see it.
"Serbia in Light and Darkness" by Nikolaj Velimirovic
But it was like listening to a nightingale in a brass band.
"The Tragic Muse" by Henry James
The nightingales will have begun now.
"Mary Gray" by Katharine Tynan
Kaiserswerth and its deaconesses became more widely known through the life and inestimable services of Florence Nightingale.
"Deaconesses in Europe" by Jane M. Bancroft
Is the song of the nightingale mirthful or melancholy?
"Chambers's Edinburgh Journal, No. 442" by Various
I refer to the Virginian nightingale.
"Wild Nature Won By Kindness" by Elizabeth Brightwen
The nightingales were singing in the adjoining woods.
"Travels through the South of France and the Interior of Provinces of Provence and Languedoc in the Years 1807 and 1808" by Lt-Col. Pinkney
And does not the nightingale rest her breast Upon the thorn as she pours out her plaintive notes?
"The Pacha of Many Tales" by Frederick Marryat
Moreover, the Owl and the Nightingale conduct their debate with plenty of mother-wit, expressed not unfrequently in proverbial form.
"The Flourishing of Romance and the Rise of Allegory" by George Saintsbury
As he spoke, the first notes of a nightingale stole out of the shrubbery.
"The Daughters of Danaus" by Mona Caird
"The Hesperides & Noble Numbers: Vol. 1 and 2" by Robert Herrick
The air in the park was flower-perfumed, full of lark trills, and nightingale ditties.
"Debts of Honor" by Maurus Jókai
I will go and hear the nightingale.
"The Buddha" by Paul Carus
Once again I tried, and had an interview this time with one of Miss Nightingale's companions.
"Wonderful Adventures of Mrs. Seacole in Many Lands" by Mary Seacole
The note is joyous only in the poet's fancy, just as he has also read sadness into the "sobbing" of the nightingale.
"Birds in the Calendar" by Frederick G. Aflalo
But when they heard the Nightingale they all said, 'This is the finest thing after all!
"The Yellow Fairy Book" by Leonora Blanche Alleyne Lang

In poetry:

`Nine summers had she scarcely seen,
The pride of all the vale;
And then she sang: -she would have been
A very nightingale.
"The Two April Mornings" by William Wordsworth
And though it keeps no calendar,
It knows when flowers are springing;
And waketh to its summer life
When Nightingales are singing.
"The Wood-Mouse" by Mary Botham Howitt
The nightingale may sing to thee;
Who else, where all are slain,
Is left to smile? What heart can stir?
O Spring, thou com’st in vain!
"New Spring" by Hovhannes Hovhannessian
YE mountain bluebells, weep with me,
And flowers in coloured crowds;
Weep, nightingale, on yonder tree,
Cool winds dropped from the clouds.
"Ye Mountain Bluebells" by Avetik Isahakian
Our palms are pines, our oranges
Are apples on our orchard trees;
Our thrushes are our nightingales,
Our larks the blackbirds of our vales.
"Haverhill" by John Greenleaf Whittier
Fast climbing up the eastern sky
To grasp and slay the shuddering night,
All careless of my heart's delight,
Or if the nightingale should die.
"By The Arno" by Oscar Wilde

In news:

Erica Sarzin-Borillo, Eccentricities of a Nightingale .
The Nightingale and Other Short Fables.
Buzzell, Nightingale win Member/Guest Tournament Golf.
Delco Nightingale live at the El Bar February 13th, 2009.
Delco Nightingale performing "What Is This Thing Called Love" at the El Bar in the Kensington neighborhood of Philadelphia on February 13th, 2009.
Nursing's Responsibility, Nightingale 's Legacy.
Since Nightingale 's time numerous scholars have documented that environmental conditions play a major role in the health of individuals and populations.
The Nightingales lived at Lea Hall from 1821 to 1825, until their new home, Lea Hurst was completed.
Even Death (Violeta Urmana), who sits in a white coat waiting for the Emperor's demise, is wooed by the Nightingale 's song.
"THE NIGHTINGALE " premiered on December 21, 2005 on PBS (check local listings).
It is the first Black-headed Nightingale -Thrush (Catharus mexicanus) ever seen in the United States.
During its first year of operation, Ridgeview's Nightingale Center for older patients struggling with behavoir changes, received an award for excellence.
Nightingale 's Marks 7 Years Caring For Seniors.
An oil slick in the south Atlantic Ocean is threatening a group of endangered penguins on Nightingale Island.
CRIME TIMES THREE "Cover Her Face," "A Mind to Murder" and "Shroud for a Nightingale".

In science:

The system is first studied using the transfer matrix method introduced by Bl¨ote and Nightingale , which takes advantage of the Fortuin-Kasteleyn representation in terms of graphs of the partition function of the Potts model in order to reduce the dimension of the Hilbert space.
Quenched bond dilution in two-dimensional Potts models
Nightingale for his stimulating input and for steering this work in the right direction.
The Lognormal Distribution and Quantum Monte Carlo Data
Nightingale, in Quantum Monte Carlo Methods in Physics and Chemistry, edited by M. P.
The Lognormal Distribution and Quantum Monte Carlo Data
Nightingale,“A Short Course in General Relativity”, Longman, London and New York 1979 (Polish edition: J.
Teleparallel equivalent of general relativity: a critical review
Nightingale, Og´olna Teoria Wzgl¸edno´sci”, PWN, Warszawa 1985); J.
Teleparallel equivalent of general relativity: a critical review
Such combination procedures are often referred to as quantum Monte Carlo simulation (Nightingale and Umrigar (1999); Rousseau (2008)).
Quantum Computation and Quantum Information
Nightingale, M. P. and Umrigar, C. J., eds. (1999).
Quantum Computation and Quantum Information
Nightingale, Conformal Invariance, the Central Charge, and Universal Finite-Size Amplitudes at Criticality, Phys.
A Collection of Exercises in Two-Dimensional Physics, Part 1
Nightingale and M. den Nijs, Quantum Hal l conductance in a two dimensional periodic potential, Phys.
Fredholm Indices and the Phase Diagram of Quantum Hall Systems
Gent, I., Nightingale, P., and Stergiou, K. 2005.
Certainty Closure: Reliable Constraint Reasoning with Incomplete or Erroneous Data
The first two conditions might even give us a clue that the heating occurs in the well-mixed transition region, because this would explain the isothermality and cross-section of coronal fluxtubes as a result of magnetic connectivity to the photospheric (convective) granulation cells (Aschwanden and Nightingale 2005).
Astrophysics in 2006
Each stage has raised new challenges for statistical genetics, and perhaps I should end with quote from another (often unrecognized) statistical scientist: Florence Nightingale. I started with two quote of R. A.
1953: An unrecognized summit in human genetic linkage analysis
Nightingale, “Conformal Invariance, the Central Charge, and Universal Finite Size Amplitudes at Criticality,” Phys.
alpha'-corrections and heterotic black holes
Almost twenty years ago Nightingale pointed out that the correlation length of a finite system can be used to trace the renormalization group flow of a statistical model.
An Improved Estimator for the Correlation Function of 2D Nonlinear Sigma Models