Nicol prism

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Nicol prism optical device that produces plane-polarized light
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Nicol prism (Opt) An instrument for experiments in polarization, consisting of a rhomb of Iceland spar, which has been bisected obliquely at a certain angle, and the two parts again joined with transparent cement, so that the ordinary image produced by double refraction is thrown out of the field by total reflection from the internal cemented surface, and the extraordinary, or polarized, image alone is transmitted.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
So called from Wm. Nicol, of Edinburgh, who first proposed it

Usage

In literature:

Two Nicol prisms play the same part as the two plates of tourmaline.
"Six Lectures on Light" by John Tyndall
Among others, the carefully considered modifications of the Nicol prism which have recently been devised by Prof. S.P.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 441, June 14, 1884." by Various
This polarizer carries one of the pair of Nicols prisms and is countersunk to allow of the introduction of gypsum or selenite plates.
"Paint Technology and Tests" by Henry A. Gardner
These sketches he sent to Mr. Nicol, who presented him in return with a pair of prisms of his own construction.
"Heroes of Science: Physicists" by William Garnett
Nicol's prism for Polarized Light.
"The Progress of Invention in the Nineteenth Century." by Edward W. Byrn
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