Murex

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • prop. n Murex (Zoöl) A genus of marine gastropods, having rough, and frequently spinose, shells, which are often highly colored inside; the rock shells. They abound in tropical seas.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n murex [capitalized] The typical genus of Mùricidæ. The aperture of the shell is rounded, the canal is long and straight, and the outer surface of the shell is interrupted by numerous varices or spines, at least three to a whorl. The most remarkable forms of these shells are from tropical seas. The animals are highly rapacious, and some of them do great damage to oyster-beds, as the European M. erinaceus. The celebrated purple dye of the ancients was chiefly furnished by the animals of two species of the genus Murex, M. trunculus and M. brandaris, the dye being secreted by a special gland, called the “purpurigenous gland,” of the animal. The amount secreted being very small, the number of animals sacrificed to secure it was correspondingly large, and the cost therefore great. Hence its use was confined to the wealthy, or reserved for sacred or regal purposes. Its manufacture seems to have expired after the capture of Constantinople by the Turks.
    • n murex A species of this genus.
    • n murex Pl. murexes or murices (-rek-sez,-ri-sēz). A caltrop.
    • n murex A shell used as a trumpet, as in representations of tritons, in art.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Murex mū′reks a shellfish from which the Tyrian purple dye was obtained
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L., the purple fish
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L.

Usage

In literature:

Murex tritonium australe, Chemn.
"Narrative of a Survey of the Intertropical and Western Coasts of Australia] [Volume 2 of 2]" by Phillip Parker King
A new Murex was taken on mud at Port Curtis.
"Voyage Of H.M.S. Rattlesnake, Vol. 2 (of 2)" by John MacGillivray
The fishermen became in time sailors and merchant-princes, and the fish for which they sought was the murex with its precious purple dye.
"Patriarchal Palestine" by Archibald Henry Sayce
He sent divers down into the Mediterranean to rob the murex of his purple.
"Creative Chemistry" by Edwin E. Slosson
But few there be who dive, that fish the murex up.
"Little Journeys To The Homes Of Great Teachers" by Elbert Hubbard
Purpurea, Fusus, Murex, Terebra, etc.
"Lamarck, the Founder of Evolution" by Alpheus Spring Packard
The second wife of Hugh de Sade never stirred the pool of ink from which Petrarch fished his murex up.
"Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great, Vol. 13" by Elbert Hubbard
The floor was moist with soft moss, shells with alternate {rows of} murex arched the roof.
"The Metamorphoses of Ovid" by Publius Ovidius Naso
It was produced by a combination of the secretions of the murex and buccinum.
"Museum of Antiquity" by L. W. Yaggy
But murex or no murex, Purple was discovered by my ancestors.
"The Book of Khalid" by Ameen Rihani
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In poetry:

Those ashes shine like ruby wine,
Like bag of Tyrian murex spilt,
The claw, the jowl of the flying fowl
Are with the glorious anguish gilt.
"The Pheonix" by Arthur Christopher Benson
XIII. Hobbs hints blue,—-Straight he turtle eats:
Nobbs prints blue,—-claret crowns his cup: Nokes outdares Stokes in azure feats,—-
Both gorge. Who fished the murex up?
What porridge had John Keats?
"Popularity" by Robert Browning

In news:

Murex NA Ltd and Cetane Energy LLC announced a new crude oil railcar loading agreement in New Mexico.
Murex NA Ltd and Cetane Energy LLC announced a new crude oil railcar loading agreement in New Mexico.
Murex NA Ltd and Cetan.
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