Monotropa

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Monotropa leafless fleshy saprophytic plants; in some classifications placed in the family Pyrolaceae
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Monotropa (Bot) A genus of parasitic or saprophytic plants including the Indian pipe and pine sap. The name alludes to the dropping end of the stem.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n monotropa A genus of dicotyledonous plants, the type of the natural order Monotropeæ, characterized by a solitary flower with separate petals. But one species is known, M. uniflora, of. North America, Japan, and the Himalayas, the Indian-pipe, corpse-plant, or ice-plant. This plant is a root-parasite or feeds on vegetable mold; it is fleshy, white or pinkish throughout, its simple clustered stems 5 or 10 inches high, clad with small scales, the nodding flower with about ten similar sepals and petals. The pine-sap or bird's-nest, often classed as M. Hypopitys, is now referred to a separate genus, Hypopitys. See bird's-nest, 1 , and beech-drops.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
NL., fr. Gr. mo`nos single + turn, from to turn

Usage

In literature:

Phryma, Monotropa uniflora, etc.
"More Letters of Charles Darwin" by Charles Darwin
Monotropa uniflora, in New Granada.
"More Letters of Charles Darwin Volume II" by Charles Darwin
There are phanerogamous plants, like Monotropa or Indian Pipe, the roots of which feed mainly on decaying vegetable matter in the soil.
"The Elements of Botany" by Asa Gray
MONOTROPA, L. INDIAN PIPE.
"The Manual of the Botany of the Northern United States" by Asa Gray
Plants thereby lose their green leaves; as, for instance, our native parasitical plants, Orobanche, Lathraea, Monotropa.
"The History of Creation, Vol. I (of 2)" by Ernst Haeckel
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