Monophysite

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj Monophysite of or relating to Monophysitism
    • n Monophysite an adherent of Monophysitism
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Monophysite (Eccl. Hist) One of a sect, in the ancient church, who maintained that the human and divine in Jesus Christ constituted but one composite nature. Also used adjectively.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n Monophysite One who holds that there is but one nature in Christ; more specifically, one of a sect which teaches that there is but one commingled or compound nature in Christ, partly divine and partly human, in contradistinction to the orthodox doctrine that by the incarnation two complete and perfect natures, the divine and the human, are united without confusion or mutation in the one person of Christ. Among Monophysites in the wider sense are included the Eutychians and Monothelites. The sect of Eutychians was founded by Eutyches, who was condemned at the Council of Chalcedon, a. d. 451. They taught that there is but one nature in Christ, the divine. The Monophysites properly so called hold that the divine and human natures in Christ are combined into one composite nature. The first leaders of the Monophysites, and founders of the present Monophysite or Coptic Church of Egypt, were Dioscorus, condemned at Chalcedon (died a. d. 454), and Timothy Ælurus (‘Cat’), made patriarch a. d. 457. In later times their most important leader was Severus, about a. d. 520, whose followers were called Severians, Corrupticolæ, or Phthartolatræ, while those of an opposite Monophysite sect were known as Julianists, Aphthartodocetæ, and Phantasiasts. In the sixth century the Monophysites spread widely in Syria, and were named Jacobites, from Jacob Baradæus, Bishop of Edessa, 541-78. At various times the Monophysites divided into a great number of sects, known by more than thirty different titles. These represented different shades of original Eutychianism and Monophysitism and attempts at approach to orthodoxy. The most subtle form of Monophysitism is Monothelitism (which see). Monophysitism is at the opposite pole of doctrine to Nestorianism, the orthodox doctrine as to the nature of Christ lying midway between the two. As distinguished from the Monophysites, the orthodox are called Diphysites and Melchiles. At the present day the two great bodies of Monophysites are the Copts and the Syrian Jacobites. The Armenian Church is also often regarded as Monophysite or Eutychian, and the Maronites before their submission to the Roman Church were Monothelites. See Acephali , Agnoetæ, Theopaschite, Tritheist.
    • Monophysite Same as Monophysitical.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Monophysite mō-nof′i-sīt one who holds that Christ had but one composite nature, instead of the orthodox doctrine that He united two complete natures without confusion or mutation in one person
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Gr. ; mo`nos single + nature: cf. F. monophysite,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. monos, alone, physis, nature.

Usage

In literature:

The history of the Monophysites is less copious and interesting than that of the Nestorians.
"The History of The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Volume 4" by Edward Gibbon
The history of the Monophysites is less copious and interesting than that of the Nestorians.
"The History of The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Volume 4" by Edward Gibbon
Monophysite riot at Constantinople, caused by the controversy respecting the nature of Christ.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Volume 4" by Various
About the middle of June I began to study and master the history of the Monophysites.
"Apologia pro Vita Sua" by John Henry Newman
About the middle of June I began to study and master the history of the Monophysites.
"Apologia Pro Vita Sua" by John Henry Cardinal Newman
He worked upon the emperor's mind in favour of the Monophysite pretender.
"The Formation of Christendom, Volume VI" by Thomas W. (Thomas William) Allies
Whether Sabellianism made the heretics monophysites, or monophysitism made them Sabellians, we need not inquire.
"Monophysitism Past and Present" by A. A. Luce
In his Monophysite Christ we set no faith, the blasphemer!
"Many Gods" by Cale Young Rice
During the next century the Monophysites split up into many sects, and fought among themselves.
"The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898 - Volume 40 of 55" by Francisco Colin
Egypt was the home of Monophysitism, whence it extended also into Syria.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 3" by Various
Monophysite sect, now racially the purest representatives of the ancient Egyptians.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 3" by Various
The people of Syria and Egypt were almost universally Monophysites and Separatists.
"Women of Early Christianity" by Alfred Brittain
Jacob, leader of the Monophysites 145 553.
"Sketches of Church History" by James Craigie Robertson
The Monophysites, who had taken advantage of the Persian occupation, were persecuted and their patriarch expelled.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 1" by Various
AGNOETAE, a monophysitic sect of the sixth century.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 1" by Various
But the far greater part are yet Monophysites, and have remained faithful to their old religion and worship.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 2" by Various
Neither could the Armenians keep on good terms even with the Syriac monophysites.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 5" by Various
Such is the external aspect of those proceedings by which the Catholic faith has been established in Christendom against the Monophysites.
"An Essay on the Development of Christian Doctrine" by John Henry Cardinal Newman
She fought the Monophysites, who denied that Christ had two distinct natures, human and divine.
"A Short History of Italy" by Henry Dwight Sedgwick
Some of the Monophysite churches, e.g.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 8" by Various
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In poetry:

The Copt comes out of Egypt-land and with a braggart face
He'll tell you that his fathers piled the Pyramids in place.
In his Monophysite Christ we set no faith, the blasphemer!
But we all believe, we all believe, in the Holy Sepulchre!
"A Song Of The Sects" by Cale Young Rice