Monk

Definitions

  • The Monks Knew Not--1-27-060
    The Monks Knew Not--1-27-060
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n monk a male religious living in a cloister and devoting himself to contemplation and prayer and work
    • n Monk United States jazz pianist who was one of the founders of the bebop style (1917-1982)
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

A Spanish Monk A Spanish Monk
A monk uses dividers, a map and a globe are behind him A monk uses dividers, a map and a globe are behind him

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Ukrainian monk, Dionysius Exiguus, created the modern day Christian calendar
    • Monk (Print) A blotch or spot of ink on a printed page, caused by the ink not being properly distributed. It is distinguished from a friar, or white spot caused by a deficiency of ink.
    • Monk A man who retires from the ordinary temporal concerns of the world, and devotes himself to religion; one of a religious community of men inhabiting a monastery, and bound by vows to a life of chastity, obedience, and poverty. "A monk out of his cloister.""Monks in some respects agree with regulars, as in the substantial vows of religion; but in other respects monks and regulars differ; for that regulars, vows excepted, are not tied up to so strict a rule of life as monks are."
    • Monk A piece of tinder made of agaric, used in firing the powder hose or train of a mine.
    • Monk (Zoöl) A South American monkey (Pithecia monachus); also applied to other species, as Cebus xanthocephalus.
    • Monk (Zoöl) The European bullfinch.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Pretzel snacks have been around for over 1300 years. A European monk invented the snack using used leftover bread dough
    • n monk Originally, a man who retired from the world for religious meditation and the practice of religious duties in solitude; a religious hermit; in later use, a member of a community or fraternity of men formed for the practice of religious devotions and duties, and bound by the vows of poverty, celibacy, and obedience to a superior; specifically, a regular male denizen of a monastery. Communities of a more or less monastic character in Palestine and Egypt before the diffusion of Christianity were the Essenes and Therapeutæ (which see). The ordinary Christian life of the first three centuries, even when not celibate, was largely ascetic and in communities. Christian monasticism in a definite form originated in Upper Egypt in the third or fourth century (perhaps with St. Anthony; according to other accounts it is traced to the ascetic Paul, about a. d. 250). The first monks were anchorites, living in solitude. The collection of anchorites in a monastery (laura or cœnobium) is ascribed to Pachomius, in the fourth century. The institution spread rapidly, and was greatly helped in the West by the establishment of the Benedictine order in the sixth century. Various developments of the monastic system are to be found in the middle ages, as the military orders, friars (often distinguished from monks proper), etc. Since the Reformation, and especially since the French revolution, monachism has declined in Western countries, or has been overshadowed by the society of Jesuits, but still continues to flourish in Eastern churches.
    • n monk A name of various animals. The bullfinch, Pyrrhula vulgaris.
    • n monk In printing, an over-inked spot or blotch in print, usually made by imperfect distribution of ink. Compare friar, 2.
    • n monk Milit., a fuse for firing mines.
    • n monk Synonyms Hermit, etc. See anchoret.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: From 70 to 80 percent of all ripe olives are grown in California's approximately 35,000 acres. In the 1700s, Franciscan monks brought olives to Mexico and then into California by way of the missions. The first cuttings were planted in 1769 at the San Diego Mission. Commercial cultivation of California olives began in the late 1800s. Today, anywhere from 80,000 to 160,000 tons of olives are produced in California each year.
    • n Monk mungk formerly, one who retired alone to the desert to lead a religious life: one of a religious community living in a monastery: an inky blotch in print: a fuse for firing mines
    • ***

Quotations

  • John Keats
    John%20Keats
    “My imagination is a monastery and I am its monk.”
  • Walter Brower
    Walter Brower
    “The wolf was sick, he vowed a monk to be: But when he got well, a wolf once more was he.”
  • Alexander Herzen
    Alexander%20Herzen
    “We have wasted our spirit in the regions of the abstract and general just as the monks let it wither in the world of prayer and contemplation.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. munuc, munec, munc, L. monachus, Gr. , fr. mo`nos alone. Cf. Monachism
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. munec—L. monachus—Gr. monachosmonos, alone.

Usage

In literature:

The man's clothes showed that he was a monk.
"Stories of the Saints by Candle-Light" by Vera C. Barclay
Old monks of experience draw their hoods deeper down; careful what they say: the monk's first duty is obedience.
"Past and Present" by Thomas Carlyle
The cells of the monks are very simple, but perfectly comfortable for habitation.
"Travels in Peru, on the Coast, in the Sierra, Across the Cordilleras and the Andes, into the Primeval Forests" by J. J. von Tschudi
He at length became a Franciscan monk of Canterbury.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 3" by Various
The Monk that went with the party was a great lover of sport.
"The Canterbury Puzzles" by Henry Ernest Dudeney
Thet, I've heern say, air the way wi' monks; but not wi' the other sort.
"The Free Lances" by Mayne Reid
The male line of Monke failed in Christopher, only son of George Monk, Duke of Albemarle.
"Robin Tremayne" by Emily Sarah Holt
It was perhaps because he was a monk that he did not expect so much.
"A Student's History of England, v. 1 (of 3)" by Samuel Rawson Gardiner
There are 71 religious orders besides, divided into 604 houses, containing in all 8563 monks and nuns.
"Pilgrimage from the Alps to the Tiber" by James Aitken Wylie
At first he was somewhat embarrassed, for he did not know how the other monks would receive this big stranger.
"The Book of Saints and Friendly Beasts" by Abbie Farwell Brown
They had clergy, monks, and nuns, with numerous believers.
"The Formation of Christendom, Volume VI" by Thomas W. (Thomas William) Allies
He took with him in his vessel some monks, whose only occupation during the voyage was to pray, fast, and sing psalms.
"The Phantom World" by Augustin Calmet
Officer Bobbie Burke betook himself to the Night Court to lodge his complaint against Jimmie the Monk.
"Traffic in Souls" by Eustace Hale Ball
If anyone came to the monk for counsel, the monk would only repeat to him the sacred teaching, and leave him to apply it.
"The Soul of a People" by H. Fielding
Her evident perturbation, however, gave him an uneasy premonition that he was about to hear more of his monk.
"The Monk of Hambleton" by Armstrong Livingston
His gentle nature was unable to contend against the coarse and unruly Breton monks.
"Legends & Romances of Brittany" by Lewis Spence
Monk snatched it from the doctor's hand.
"Heart" by Henry Slesar
The Abbos enjoyed the rank of a Prince, and the monks, as a body, were descended from noble families.
"The Life and Times of Ulric Zwingli" by Johann Hottinger
Here Sir Walter Manny and the Bishop of London of that time founded another monastery for twenty-four monks and a Prior or chief monk.
"Stories of London" by E. L. Hoskyn
Whether a monk be lay or ecclesiastic they are all alike, provided they live Christian lives.
"The Branding Needle, or The Monastery of Charolles" by Eugène Sue
***

In poetry:

On Monks I did in Storrington fall,
They took me straight into their Hall;
I saw Three Pictures on a wall,
And Courtesy was in them all.
"Courtesy" by Hilaire Belloc
Loud toll'd the bell, the priests pray'd well,
The tapers they burnt bright,
The monk her son, and her daughter the nun
They told their beads all night.
"A Ballad, Shewing How An Old Woman Rode Double, And Who Rode Before Her" by Robert Southey
"The varying light deceived thy sight,
And the wild winds drown'd the name;
For the Dryburgh bells ring, and the white monks do sing,
For Sir Richard of Coldinghame!"
"The Eve of St. John" by Sir Walter Scott
Each man is a hunter to his trade,
And they follow one another;
But such a hunter never was made
As the monk that hunted his brother!
And the runaway pig, ere its game be played,
Shall be eaten by its mother!
"Within and Without: Part II: A Dramatic Poem" by George MacDonald
Then straightway fell the monk upon his face
Trembling with awe throughout his mighty frame.
"I hear Thee, Lord!" he cried. "Give me Thy grace,
That I may follow thee to any place,
And speak to any people--in Thy name."
"Jean De Breboeuf" by Virna Sheard
If I were a monk, and thou wert a nun,
Pacing it wearily, wearily,
Twixt chapel and cell till day were done—
Wearily, wearily—
How would it fare with these hearts of ours
That need the sunshine, and smiles, and flowers?
"If I Were A Monk, And If Thou Wert A Nun" by George MacDonald

In news:

The Plight of the Hawaiian Monk Seal .
Monk Seal Fines and Plastic Bag Bans.
50,000 Maximum penalty for "intentionally or knowingly a Hawaiian monk seal " under SB2441, a bill that would make killing the endangered animals a Class C felony.
Pro Bowl Ratings Up But Monk Seal Pups Down.
Hawaiian monk seal named Hawaii's state mammal.
Grace from a monk's hood.
Gee (left) and Monk, mixed breeds, are available to be adopted, only as a pair, at the Portage Animal Protective League.
One of the rules was that as a monk, he would only be allowed to speak two words every ten years.
Eric Reed The Baddest Monk (Savant).
The recent sentence to six years in prison of one of Tibet's supreme monks shows Peking 's determination to dominate all events in the region and bring to an end a period of intense confusion within the Chinese Communist Party.
Dj Rupture vs Mutamassik Obstacles/Music Monks Shotgun Wedding Vol 1.
Thelonious Monk and the Jazz Loft Project.
Thelonious Monk 's landmark 1959 concert at Town Hall lives again through Jason Moran.
Monk and orchestra rehearsing for the Town Hall concert (arranger Hall Overton is standing by the door).
Yet with both, you'd have five versions of "Well, You Needn't," one of the signature tunes that earn Monk status as one of jazz's greatest composers.
***

In science:

Fernanda Alcantara and Marilyn Monk, Signal propagation during aggregation in the slime mold Dictyostelium discoideum, J.
An equation-free computational approach for extracting population-level behavior from individual-based models of biological dispersal
We claim that An+1 ≤c An and An+1 ≤c ¬An for every n ∈ ω , i.e. that I wins both GL (An , An+1 ) and GL (¬An , An+1 ): applying then the classic Martin-Monk argument to these winning strategies, we can construct the flip-set which contradicts BP, finishing our proof.
Game representations of classes of piecewise definable functions
Thanks also to Brian Cox, Markus Diehl, Valery Khoze, Peter Landshoff, Leif L ¨onnblad, James Monk, Leszek Motyka, Andy Pilkington and Misha Ryskin for very helpful discussions.
Diffractive Higgs production: theory
Given any compact coassociative submanifold Q ⊂ Y we can form a bundle Monk → Q with fibre Monk much as before and there is a Fueter equation for sections of Monk .
Gauge Theory in higher dimensions, II
Monk P., Finite Elements Methods for Maxwell’s Equations, Oxford Univ.
Numerical Simulation of Electromagnetic Solitons and their Interaction with Matter
The Lindisfarne Gospels are presumed to be the work of a monk named Eadfrith, who became Bishop of Lindisfarne in year 698.
A procedure for the change point problem in parametric models based on phi-divergence test-statistics
A number of results related to this relation is presented by Monk in [3, Chapter 4].
Historic forcing for Depth
There he asks if there are a Boolean algebra B and an infinite cardinal θ such that (θ, (2θ )+ ) ∈ DepthSr(B), while (ω , (2θ )+ ) /∈ DepthSr (B) (see Monk [3, Problem 14]; we refer the reader to Chapter 4 of Monk’s book for the motivation and background of this problem).
Historic forcing for Depth
Monk’s recent , in which maximal almost disjoint families are viewed as partitions of unity in the Boolean algebra P (µ)/[µ]<µ .
On two problems of Erdos and Hechler: New methods in singular Madness
Monk, The spectrum of partitions of a Boolean algebra , Arch.
On two problems of Erdos and Hechler: New methods in singular Madness
Monk, On the p- and hp-extension of N´ed´elec’s curl-conforming elements, J.
Optimal error estimation for H(curl)-conforming p-interpolation in two dimensions
Monk, Finite Element Methods for Maxwel l’s Equations, Claredon Press, Oxford, 2003. 13. L.
Benchmark of Rigorous Methods for Electromagnetic Field Simulations
Monk’s formula (see [M]) gives an expression for the intersection of Schubert subvarieties on F (n): Ωsp · Ωw = Xtij where the sum is over all transpositions tij of integers i ≤ p < j such that ℓ(w · tij ) = ℓ(w)+1.
Quantum cohomology of flag varieties
***