Mishnah

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Mishnah the first part of the Talmud; a collection of early oral interpretations of the scriptures that was compiled about AD 200
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n Mishnah In Jewish lit., a collection of halachoth or binding precepts and legal decisions deduced by the ancient rabbis from the Pentateuch, and itself forming a second or oral law. See halachah. These halachoth, which had been preserved for several centuries by tradition among the doctors of the synagogue, were gradually committed to writing. The first who attempted to reduce them to order was Hillel I. (B. G. 75-a. d. 10), president of the Sanhedrim, who arranged them in six Sedarim or orders. The final redaction, however, was made by Rabbi Jehudah, surnamed “the holy,” about the end of the second century of our era. The Mishnah is divided into six parts, each of which contains a number of treatises, which are subdivided into chapters, and these again into paragraphs or mishnoth. The first part relates to agriculture; the second regulates the manner of observing festivals; the third treats of women and matrimonial cases; the fourth of damages and losses in trade, etc.; the fifth is on “holy things”—that is, oblations, sacrifices, etc.; and the sixth treats of the several sorts of purification. The Mishnah forms the text on which the Gemara is based. See Gemara and Talmud.
    • n Mishnah [lowercase; pl. mishnoth (mish′ noth).] A paragraph of the Mishnah.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Mishnah mish′na a great collection of halachoth, comprising the body of the 'Oral Law,' or the juridico-political, civil, and religious code of the Jews; it forms one of the divisions of the Talmud—the 'Gemara,' or commentary on the Mishna, being the other; and it was finally redacted at Tiberias in 220 A.D.
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Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Heb.,—shānāh, to repeat.

Usage

In literature:

The Mishnah uses "jug" in the first clause and "barrel" in the second.
"The Worlds Greatest Books, Volume XIII." by Various
Mishnah, a paragraph of the Mishnah, 31.
"Chapters on Jewish Literature" by Israel Abrahams
After this he is to repeat certain portions of the Mishnah, and something of the Zohar or some other Kabbalistic work.
"Hebraic Literature; Translations from the Talmud, Midrashim and Kabbala" by Various
Dr. M. A. Hyamson, "The Mishnah"; Rev.
"The Menorah Journal, Volume 1, 1915" by Various
The Talmud, the Rabbinical discussion and elaboration of the Mishnah; a Talmud folio.
"Yiddish Tales" by Various
It is printed in most Hebrew editions of the Mishnah.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Slice 6" by Various
The Mishnah contains texts suited for all purposes.
"The Grandchildren of the Ghetto" by Israel Zangwill
The Rebbe, of blessed memory, explains a bit of the Mishnah to him upside down.
"Stories and Pictures" by Isaac Loeb Peretz
R. Johanon said: It is confused in the Scripture, confused in the Mishnah, and confused in the six orders of the Talmud.
"Some Jewish Witnesses For Christ" by Rev. A. Bernstein, B.D.
This was the Mishnah.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 13, Slice 2" by Various
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