Mill

Definitions

  • MILL AND BAKERY AT POMPEII
    MILL AND BAKERY AT POMPEII
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v mill grind with a mill "mill grain"
    • v mill roll out (metal) with a rolling machine
    • v mill produce a ridge around the edge of "mill a coin"
    • v mill move about in a confused manner
    • n mill the act of grinding to a powder or dust
    • n mill a plant consisting of one or more buildings with facilities for manufacturing
    • n mill machinery that processes materials by grinding or crushing
    • n Mill English philosopher and economist remembered for his interpretations of empiricism and utilitarianism (1806-1873)
    • n Mill Scottish philosopher who expounded Bentham's utilitarianism; father of John Stuart Mill (1773-1836)
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Weydon Mill, Farnham Weydon Mill, Farnham
Mill on the Wey, between Pyrford and Ripley Mill on the Wey, between Pyrford and Ripley
Double-Carrying Telescopic Band-Mill Double-Carrying Telescopic Band-Mill
Jack-Ladder, with Endless Chain. Mill in raised position for large log Jack-Ladder, with Endless Chain. Mill in raised position for large log
Two-Story Mill at Virginia, Minnesota, Showing Jack-Ladders and Consumer Two-Story Mill at Virginia, Minnesota, Showing Jack-Ladders and Consumer
Portrait of Mabel Mills Portrait of Mabel Mills
Study of a Blooming-Mill Study of a Blooming-Mill
APPLETON MILLS. 1845 APPLETON MILLS. 1845

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In a year approximately 900 million trees are cut down to make the raw materials needed for American pulp mills and paper
    • Mill A building or collection of buildings with machinery by which the processes of manufacturing are carried on; as, a cotton mill; a powder mill; a rolling mill.
    • Mill A building or complex of buildings containing a mill{1} or other machinery to grind grains into flour.
    • Mill A common name for various machines which produce a manufactured product, or change the form of a raw material by the continuous repetition of some simple action; as, a sawmill; a stamping mill, etc.
    • Mill (Die Sinking) A hardened steel roller having a design in relief, used for imprinting a reversed copy of the design in a softer metal, as copper.
    • Mill A machine for grinding and polishing; as, a lapidary mill .
    • Mill A machine for grinding or comminuting any substance, as grain, by rubbing and crushing it between two hard, rough, or indented surfaces; as, a gristmill, a coffee mill; a bone mill.
    • Mill A machine used for expelling the juice, sap, etc., from vegetable tissues by pressure, or by pressure in combination with a grinding, or cutting process; as, a cider mill; a cane mill.
    • Mill A milling cutter. See Illust. under Milling.
    • n Mill mĭl A money of account of the United States, having the value of the tenth of a cent, or the thousandth of a dollar.
    • Mill (Mining) A passage underground through which ore is shot.
    • Mill A pugilistic encounter.
    • Mill (Mining) An excavation in rock, transverse to the workings, from which material for filling is obtained.
    • Mill Short for Treadmill.
    • Mill The raised or ridged edge or surface made in milling anything, as a coin or screw.
    • Mill To beat with the fists.
    • Mill To cause to mill, or circle round, as cattle.
    • Mill (Mining) To fill (a winze or interior incline) with broken ore, to be drawn out at the bottom.
    • Mill To make a raised border around the edges of, or to cut fine grooves or indentations across the edges of, as of a coin, or a screw head; also, to stamp in a coining press; to coin.
    • Mill To move in a circle, as cattle upon a plain; to move around aimlessly; -- usually used with around.
    • Mill To pass through a fulling mill; to full, as cloth.
    • Mill To reduce to fine particles, or to small pieces, in a mill; to grind; to comminute.
    • Mill To roll into bars, as steel.
    • Mill To shape, finish, or transform by passing through a machine; specifically, to shape or dress, as metal, by means of a rotary cutter.
    • Mill To swim suddenly in a new direction; -- said of whales.
    • v. i Mill (Zoöl) To swim under water; -- said of air-breathing creatures.
    • Mill To take part in a mill; to box.
    • Mill To undergo hulling, as maize.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: It was during the 1600's that the first coffee mill made its debut in London.
    • n mill A mechanical device for grinding grain for food. Ancient mills, and those still in use in uncivilized or half-civilized countries, are simple devices for rubbing or pounding the grain, commonly two stones, one of which is moved upon the other byhand. The common modern mill consists essentially of two flat circular stones, one of which is moved upon the other, and between which the grain is triturated. The bedstone and runner are together called a run of stones. In some mills the under stone is therunner. Such a mill is called an “under-runner,” while an “upperrunner” is one like that shown in the cut. The bush, g, in the bedstone is fastened in its place by wedges, The balance-rynd, j, is a curved bar which crosses the eye or central opening of the runner on the under side at the margin of the eye and supports the stone. The supporting bearing of the balance-rynd is a central socket called a cockeye, and the supporting point of the spindle which fits the cockeye is called the cockhead. The spindle, balance-rynd, and runner-stone are raised or lowered by means of the bridge-tree and lighter-screw to adjust the runner properly in relation to the bedstone. The hopper, p, receives the grain to be ground, and delivers it to the shoe, which is loosely supported, and kept constantly vibrating by the rotation of thedamsel, a sort of trundle-wheel, the trundles of which chatter against the shoe. Flour is also made by cylinder-mills or roller-mills. The rollers act by crushing, by crushing and rubbing, as when they are caused to run with different peripheral velocities, or by a cutting or scraping action, as when they are serrated and revolved in such manner that the cutting edges of one roller act toward the cutting edges of the other.
    • n mill A machine for grinding or pulverizing any solid substance. The word in this use is generally in composition with a word denoting the purpose for which the mill is designed: as, paint-mill, quartz-mill, coffee-mill.
    • n mill A machine which transforms raw material by a process other than grinding into forms fit for uses to which the raw material is unfitted. In this use also the word is generally in composition, as saw-mill, planing-mill, etc. This use of the word is, however, limited and arbitrary, many machines which transform raw materials not being called mills.
    • n mill A machine which does its work by rotary motion, especially a lapidary wheel.
    • n mill A treadmill.
    • n mill A building in which grinding is done: often in composition: as, a flour-mill, water-mill, windmill, etc.
    • n mill In metal., any establishment in which metalliferous ores are treated in the moist way, as by stamping and amalgamating, by grinding in pans, or by similar methods. Those works in which the reduction is performed by the aid of fire are usually designated smelting-works, or sometimes (especially in the case of iron) furnaces. In the manufacture of iron a mill is an establishment where the metal in the rougher form (that is, in that of blooms, slabs, rough bars, etc.) is worked up into various kinds of merchantable iron, or into those forms which are desired by the different classes of consumers of the metal, such as rails, plates, merchant bars, and many other similar products.
    • n mill In calico-printing or bank-note engraving, a soft steel roller which receives under great pressure an impressed design in relief from a hardened steel engraved roll or die, and which is used in turn, after being hardened, to impart the design in intaglio to a calico-printing roll or note-printing plate.
    • n mill A kind of screw-press introduced during the reign of Elizabeth into England from France, and designed to supersede the manufacture of gold coins by the primitive method of striking dies with a hammer. It was introduced in 1561, discontinued in 1572, reintroduced in 1656 and 1658, and permanently adopted shortly after the restoration of Charles II. The more modern coining-press has supplanted this machine. The mill not only struck the legend, but also raised the rim on the margin and serrated the edge. These serrations were at first straight; but, having been found easy to imitate by filing, they were made curvilinear in the reign of George II.
    • n mill In mining, a passage or opening left for sending down stuff from the stopes to the level beneath.
    • mill To grind in a mill; grind; reduce to fine particles or to small pieces by grinding or other means. See milling.
    • mill To subject to the mechanical operations carried on in a mill, as a saw-mill or planing-mill; shape or finish by machinery. Specifically, in ceramics, to prepare (the clay) by passing it through a mill, which is usually of the form of an inverted cone, in the center of which is a vertical shaft set with knives. The clay, being thrown in at the top, is kneaded, cut, and pressed by the revolution of the shaft, and when it emerges from the bottom is plastic and ready for molding. See pugmill.
    • mill To cut (metal) with a milling-tool in a milling-machine.
    • mill To turn or upset the edge of (a coin) so as to produce a marginal ridge or flange on both sides, upon which, when laid flat, the coin rests, thus protecting the design which is inside of the flange from wear, and enabling the coins to lie firmly when piled together one upon another.
    • mill To flute the edge of, as of a coin, or of any flat piece of metal, as the head of a milled screw or the rim of a metal box-cover, to afford a hold for the fingers. The screws of optical and surgical instruments, and other philosophical apparatus, and also the covers of lubricators for machinery, are commonly milled.
    • mill To tumble (leather) in a hollow revolving cylinder in contact with oil or any ameliorating or tanning liquid, whereby the liquid is worked into all parts of the leather.
    • mill To throw, as undyed silk.
    • mill To thicken by fulling; full (cloth), as in a fulling-mill.
    • mill To yield, in the process of grinding or milling.
    • mill To beat severely with the fists; fight.
    • mill To cause to froth: as, to mill chocolate.
    • mill To move in a circular direction around a central point or object in a purposeless manner: said of cattle in herding on the plains.
    • mill To turn suddenly and change its course: said of a whale: as, the whale milled, and ran to leeward.
    • n mill One thousandth part of anything; especially, in the monetary system of the United States, one thousandth of a dollar, or one tenth of a cent.
    • n mill Millet.
    • mill To steal.
    • n mill In leather manufacturing, an arrangement consisting of one or two large stone rollers which revolve vertically in a pit.
    • n mill The raised or ridged edge or flange made in milling, stamping, rolling, or pressing anything, as a coin or a screw.
    • n mill The entire plant for producing merchant bars and shapes, including the buildings, boilers, engines, mills, and accessories.
    • mill In sugar manufacturing, to pass (sugarcane) through a cane-mill. See sugar-mill.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Mills Brothers have recorded the most songs of any artist: about 2,250.
    • n Mill mil a machine for grinding any substance, as grain, by crushing it between two hard, rough surfaces: a place where corn is ground, or manufacture of some kind is carried on: a contest at boxing
    • v.t Mill to grind: to press or stamp in a mill: to stamp or turn up the edge of coin, and put ridges and furrows on the rim: to put furrows and ridges on any edge: to clean, as cloth: to beat severely with the fists
    • n Mill mil (U.S.) the thousandth part of a dollar.
    • ***

Idioms

Go through the mill - If you go through the mill, you have a very unpleasant experience. If you put someone through the mill, you make them undergo an unpleasant experience.
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Grist for the mill - Something that you can use to your advantage is grist for the mill. ('Grist to the mill' is also used.)
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Run-of-the-mill - If something is run-of-the-mill, there is nothing exceptional about it- it is ordinary or average.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. mille, melle, mulle, milne, AS. myln, mylen,; akin to D. molen, G. mühle, OHG. mulī, mulīn, Icel. mylna,; all prob. from L. molina, fr. mola, millstone; prop., that which grinds, akin to molere, to grind, Goth. malan, G. mahlen, and to E. meal,. √108. See Meal, flour, and cf. Moline
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. mille, a thousand.

Usage

In literature:

He had the inn, the store, a mill, a granary.
"Jewish Children" by Sholem Naumovich Rabinovich
According to J. S. Mill, James Mill and Stewart represented opposite poles of philosophic thought.
"The English Utilitarians, Volume I." by Leslie Stephen
The wire mill is completely wrecked, but the walls of the rolling mill are still standing.
"The Johnstown Horror" by James Herbert Walker
The news was carried late at night to a mill in which the King had taken shelter.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
Mills, the banker, built his two "Mills Houses," No.
"The Battle with the Slum" by Jacob A. Riis
Down at the bottom of the hollow, where the little stream widened into a lazy brown pond, lay Mr. MacAllister's saw-mill.
"'Lizbeth of the Dale" by Marian Keith
This is a serious charge to bring against a writer of such eminence as Mr. Mill, and one which should not be advanced without ample proof.
"The Philosophy of the Conditioned" by H. L. Mansel
But she kept on, and they came presently, all out of breath, in the shadow of the old mill.
"The Rival Campers Ashore" by Ruel Perley Smith
Fitzjames was a disciple of Mill in philosophical matters, and in some ways even, as I hold, pushed Mill's views to excess.
"The Life of Sir James Fitzjames Stephen, Bart., K.C.S.I." by Sir Leslie Stephen
The first has to do with the raw cotton, as it goes from planter to mill.
"The Fabric of Civilization" by Anonymous
After leaving the day school, I was sent to Lund's mill, where my father was manager over the weft department.
"Adventures and Recollections" by Bill o'th' Hoylus End
Ruth stood up in the car as it rolled up the hill toward Cheslow and looked back at the Red Mill.
"Ruth Fielding at Briarwood Hall" by Alice B. Emerson
They found their father on the front porch reading the paper, taking solid comfort in the fact that Bruce's Mills were closed for the day.
"Sure Pop and the Safety Scouts" by Roy Rutherford Bailey
Stubbs had spent a month among the mines and mills, and his observations made him rather blue.
"A Gold Hunter's Experience" by Chalkley J. Hambleton
I'm not sure they could run good milling fir to that mill at a profit.
"The Greater Power" by Harold Bindloss
This mill will stand a heavier wind, run steadier, last longer, and crow louder than any other mill built.
"Prairie Farmer, Vol. 56: No. 4, January 26, 1884" by Various
On this, and all other occasions when advice or assistance was needed, Mr. Mills gave his legal services without charge.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume IV" by Various
The tendency of Mill's polemic was to make this change.
"Logic, Inductive and Deductive" by William Minto
The average spindles to a mill were 22,000, and very few mills held more than 50,000 spindles.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 5" by Various
I waited down by the village saw-mill, where they already knew that Ernst's bride was coming to live with us.
"Waldfried" by Berthold Auerbach
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In poetry:

Say, did you ever sit and dream,
When summer clouds are white and still,
Beside a slow unsounding stream
That winds below some rustic mill?
"The Silent Muse" by Alfred Austin
But the last tune that the harp played then
Binnorie! O Binnorie!
Was, "Wae to my sister, false Ellen,
By the bonny mill-dams of Binnorie!"
"Binnorie" by Henry Morley
We were ten maidens in a field green,
Fallen fruit in the mill-water;
Fairer maidens never have been,
Golden sleeves for the king’s daughter.
"The King's Daughter" by Algernon Charles Swinburne
'These four-and-twenty mills complete
Sall gang for thee throw all the yeir,
And as mekle of gude reid wheit
As all their trappers dow to bear.'
"Johnny Armstrong (original)" by Anonymous British
"Grant me my life, my liege, my king!
And a bonnie gift I'll gi'e to thee:
Gude four-and-twenty ganging mills,
That gang thro' all the year to me.
"Johnnie Armstrang" by Andrew Lang
"These four-and-twenty mills complete,
Shall gang for thee thro' all the year;
And as meikle of gude red wheat,
As all their happers dow to bear."
"Johnnie Armstrang" by Andrew Lang

In news:

A former employee of Stoner Mill Farm in Bourbon County filed suit Monday in US District Court in Lexington against Stoner Mill, attorney Richard Getty, and Albert W Borne, a Lexington private investigator.
He worked in several area mills including the former Hanora Lippitt Mills.
New Forest Paper Mills, a company jointly owned by Atlantic Paper Packaging and Mitchel-Lincoln Packaging, will officially open its new containerboard mill in Scarborough, Ontario this morning.
NEW YORK MILLS —Kathy Connell of Sebeka will present an informational session from 10-11:30 am Saturday on preparing for a successful garden in 2013 at the New York Mills Cultural Center.
Mills was the son of the late, Robert and Lena DeYoung Mills.
Mill Creek Town Center is hosting the Columbia Funding Mortgage Run of the Mill 5K race/walk July 7th.
(Press-Register/Bill Starling) A red hot slab of steel emerges from furnace number one in the hot strip mill at the ThyssenKrupp steel mill in Calvert.
The mill's closure of marks the end of an era for a city built by and for its mills.
Southern States Cooperative's Roanoke Feed Mill, Vinton, Va. Has been named the 2012 Feed Mill of the Year.
St Christopher's by the River Church will hold its semi-annual Bargain Box Sale Friday, Sept 28, at the church, 7601 Old Mill Road in Gates Mills.
State investigators and Mille Lacs County Sheriff's deputies responded to a report on Wednesday, July 6 of criminal sexual contact between a staff member and a resident at Mille Lacs Academy.
After years of on-again off-again work at Georgetown’s steel mill , workers are now facing more bad news as the mill cuts back.
After years of on-again off-again work at Georgetown's steel mill , workers are now facing more bad news as the mill cuts back.
The Pendleton Mill Store in Washougal will be the site of some of this weekend's events celebrating Pendleton Woolen Mills' 100th anniversary.
With the Y-axis capability in turn-mill machines, there is no limit to the amount of milling that can be accomplished.
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In science:

The discretized form of the Yang-Mills action SYM is the Wilson action SW .
Random Matrix Theory and Chiral Symmetry in QCD
Sheikh-Jabbari, “Super Yang-Mills Theory on Noncommutative Torus from Open Strings Interactions”, Phys.
Worldsheet and Spacetime Properties of p-p' System with B Field and Noncommutative Geometry
This theory – : (OM1 ) theory – is described by the ) that the NCOS theory is dual to spatially noncommutative, maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills field theory.
OM Theory in Diverse Dimensions
Lorentz invariant 6 dimensional theory, whose low energy limit is Yang Mills theory.
OM Theory in Diverse Dimensions
The two theories have the same symmetries and reduce to Yang-Mills theory at low energies.
OM Theory in Diverse Dimensions
When compactified on a two-torus, they have the same behaviour under S -duality as super Yang-Mills theory.
A class of six-dimensional conformal field theories
The AN −1 super Yang-Mills theory in four dimensions can be realized as the world-volume theory of N coincident three-branes in type IIB string theory .
A class of six-dimensional conformal field theories
In a situation where we consider the six-dimensional theory on a small two-torus times a four-manifold Y , this Hilbert space has a basis labelled by x ∈ H 2 (Y , ZN ), which can be interpreted as the non-abelian magnetic flux of an SU (N )/ZN Yang-Mills theory on Y .
A class of six-dimensional conformal field theories
Mitter, Geometry of the space of gauge orbits and the Yang-Mills dynamical system.
On the Gribov Problem for Generalized Connections
A Galperin A, E Ivanov, S Kalitzin, V Ogievetsky and E Sokatchev, Unconstrained N = 2 matter, Yang-Mills and supergravity theories in harmonic superspace, Class.
Aspects of the D=6, (2,0) Tensor Multiplet
West, Three-point functions in N=4 Yang-Mills, Phys.
Aspects of the D=6, (2,0) Tensor Multiplet
Intriligator, Bonus Symmetries of N = 4 Super Yang-Mills Correlation Functions via AdS Duality, hep-th/9811047.
Aspects of the D=6, (2,0) Tensor Multiplet
We now turn to implementing the modular construction to N = 4 super Yang-Mills theory via the AdS/CFT correspondence at all values of the coupling constant.
On the finiteness of N=8 quantum supergravity
Other examples involve superstring theory compactified in singular ten dimensional spacetimes and Yang Mills theories in p + 1 dimensions .
Large N field theories from superstrings
Some elements of conformal field theories and N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory are given in section 5.
Large N field theories from superstrings
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