Micrococcus

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Micrococcus type genus of the family Micrococcaceae
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Micrococcus (Biol) A genus of Spherobacteria, in the form of very small globular or oval cells, forming, by transverse division, filaments, or chains of cells, or in some cases single organisms shaped like dumb-bells (Diplococcus), all without the power of motion. See Illust. of Ascoccus.☞ Physiologically, micrococci are divided into three groups; chromogenic, characterized by their power of forming pigment; zymogenic, including those associated with definite chemical processes; and pathogenic, those connected with disease.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n micrococcus A genus of Schizomycetes (fission-fungi or bacteria), and the only one of the tribe Sphærobacteria. It is characterized by globular or oval slightly colored cells, either formed by transverse division into filaments of two or several chaplet-like articulations, or united in families, or segregated in gelatinous masses, all destitute of spontaneous movement but exhibiting a simple molecular tremor. Its species are divided into three physiological groups—chromogenes, producing coloring matter, as in “red milk” (M. prodigiosus, figured under microbe), or “golden yellow” (M. luteus); zymogenes, producing various fermentations, as in animal and vegetable infusions (M. crepusculum) or urine (M. ureæ); and pathogenes, producing diseases. Variola, vaccinia, septicemia, erysipelas, gonorrhea, and other forms are believed to be produced by micrococci.
    • n micrococcus [lowercase) pl. micrococci (-sī).] Any member of this genus.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Micrococcus mī-krō-kok′us a microscopic organism of a round form.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
NL. See Micro-, and Coccus

Usage

In literature:

Petrone believes it was due to a chromogenic micrococcus, and relieved the patient by the use of a five per cent solution of caustic potash.
"Anomalies and Curiosities of Medicine" by George M. Gould
Either kill the micrococcus or heal the wound, and you are free from both.
"A Journey in Other Worlds" by John Jacob Astor
The nitrifying organism has been submitted as yet to but little microscopical study; it is apparently a micrococcus.
"Scientific American Supplement, Vol. XIX, No. 470, Jan. 3, 1885" by Various
This disease is caused by a small micrococcus, the organisms joined in pairs.
"Disease and Its Causes" by William Thomas Councilman
Micrococcus intracellularis meningitidis (Meningococcus).
"The Elements of Bacteriological Technique" by John William Henry Eyre
This germ is closely related to Conn's micrococcus of bitter milk.
"Outlines of Dairy Bacteriology, 8th edition" by H. L. Russell
The growth appears limited to micrococcus and bacillus rods, while spores or bacillus threads are never found.
"A System of Practical Medicine by American Authors, Vol. I" by Various
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