Mantle

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v mantle cover like a mantle "The ivy mantles the building"
    • v mantle spread over a surface, like a mantle
    • n mantle a sleeveless garment like a cloak but shorter
    • n mantle hanging cloth used as a blind (especially for a window)
    • n mantle shelf that projects from wall above fireplace "in Britain they call a mantel a chimneypiece"
    • n mantle (zoology) a protective layer of epidermis in mollusks or brachiopods that secretes a substance forming the shell
    • n mantle the cloak as a symbol of authority "place the mantle of authority on younger shoulders"
    • n mantle anything that covers "there was a blanket of snow"
    • n mantle the layer of the earth between the crust and the core
    • n Mantle United States baseball player (1931-1997)
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The little bags of netting for gas lanterns (called 'mantles') are radioactive, so much so that they will set off an alarm at a nuclear reactor.
    • mantle A loose garment to be worn over other garments; an enveloping robe; a cloak. "The] children are clothed with mantles of satin.""The green mantle of the standing pool.""Now Nature hangs her mantle green
      On every blooming tree."
    • mantle (Arch) A mantel. See Mantel.
    • mantle (Hydraulic Engin) A penstock for a water wheel.
    • mantle (Zoöl) Any free, outer membrane.
    • mantle (Her) Same as Mantling.
    • mantle (Zoöl) The back of a bird together with the folded wings.
    • mantle (Zoöl) The external fold, or folds, of the soft, exterior membrane of the body of a mollusk. It usually forms a cavity inclosing the gills. See Illusts. of Buccinum, and Byssus.
    • mantle (Geol) The highly viscous shell of hot semisolid rock, about 1800 miles thick, lying under the crust of the Earth and above the core. Also, by analogy, a similar shell on any other planet.
    • mantle The outer wall and casing of a blast furnace, above the hearth.
    • v. t Mantle To cover or envelop, as with a mantle; to cloak; to hide; to disguise.
    • Mantle To gather, assume, or take on, a covering, as froth, scum, etc. "There is a sort of men whose visages
      Do cream and mantle like a standing pond."
      "Nor bowl of wassail mantle warm."
    • Mantle To spread out; -- said of wings. "The swan, with arched neck
      Between her white wings mantling proudly, rows."
    • Mantle To spread over the surface as a covering; to overspread; as, the scum mantled on the pool. "Though mantled in her cheek the blood."
    • Mantle To unfold and spread out the wings, like a mantle; -- said of hawks. Also used figuratively. "Ne is there hawk which mantleth on her perch.""Or tend his sparhawk mantling in her mew.""My frail fancy fed with full delight.
      Doth bathe in bliss, and mantleth most at ease."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In 1964 for the 10th time in his major-league baseball career, Mickey Mantle hit home runs from both the left and ride sides of the plate in the same game - setting a new baseball record.
    • n mantle A loose sleeveless garment worn as an outer covering, falling in straight lines from the shoulders; a simple kind of cloak. Mantles were originally mere pieces of cloth of suitable size and shape, the upper corners of which were brought together and fastened at the neck or over one shoulder, with the loose edges lapping in front or at one side. Those worn during the middle ages and later were large and loose, capable of being drawn across the breast, but usually open in front and secured across the breast by a lace or chain. Long flowing mantles form a part of the distinguishing costume or insignia of British and other nobles and knights, and are represented more or less conventionally behind the escutcheon in coats of arms.
    • n mantle Figuratively, a cover or covering; something that conceals.
    • n mantle Specifically— An outer covering of a wall, differing in material from the inner part.
    • n mantle In founding, a covering of porous clay laid over a pattern in wax. When heat is applied the wax melts and runs out, leaving the clay mantle in condition to serve as a mold.
    • n mantle The outer enveloping masonry of a blast-furnace.
    • n mantle In zoology and anatomy, some part or organ which covers, conceals, or mantles: In Mollusca, the pallium. In Cirripedia, the sac, formed by the dorsal part of the integument, which incloses the body. In ornithology, the pallium or stragulum. See stragulum. The tunic of an ascidian.
    • n mantle In heraldry, same as mantling, 3.
    • n mantle An inclosed chute which leads water from a fore-bay to a water-wheel.
    • n mantle In the incandescent gas-light of Dr. Auer von Weisbach, a tube variously composed of one or more of the oxids of zirconium, lanthanum, thorium, and cerium, and prepared by dipping a tube of cotton netting (made by a knitting-machine) into a solution, or mixed solutions, of the oxid or oxids, thus coating the filaments, which after coating are burned out, leaving a consolidated tube. Heated from the interior by the flame of Bunsen burners to the temperature of incandescence, these mantles become strongly luminous, and are said to last from 1,000 to 2,000 hours of constant use.
    • mantle To cover with or as if with a mantle; disguise; obscure or protect by covering up.
    • mantle Specifically—2. In the manufacture of alum from aluminous shales or alum ores, to cover (a partly or completely calcined heap of the ore) with a layer of previously calcined ore. Volatilization and loss of sulphur from excessive heat and the injurious action of wind and rain are thus avoided during the progress of the operation and while the heap is cooling.
    • mantle To expand and spread; serve as a mantle or covering.
    • mantle To become covered with a coating, as a barmy liquid; send up froth or scum; cream, or cream over; foam.
    • mantle To be or become overspread or suffused, as with blushes or color; hence, to display a superficial change of hue or of expression.
    • mantle In falconry, to stretch out one wing after the leg, as a hawk, by way of relief; spread out the wings for ease: sometimes used figuratively.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Mantle man′tl a covering: a cloak or loose outer garment: spirit:
    • v.t Mantle to cover: to disguise
    • v.i Mantle to spread like a mantle: to revel: to joy: to froth: to rush to the face and impart a crimson glow, as blood
    • n Mantle man′tl (zool.) the thin fleshy membrane lining a mollusc's shell: a conical wire-network covered with some highly refractory earth that becomes luminous under a flame
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. mantel, OF. mantel, F. manteau, fr. L. mantellum, mantelum, a cloth, napkin, cloak, mantle (cf. mantele, mantile, towel, napkin); prob. from manus, hand + the root of tela, cloth. See Manual Textile, and cf. Mandil Mantel Mantilla
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. mantel (Fr. manteau)—L. mantellum, a napkin.

Usage

In literature:

Stafford, leaning forward, drew aside with the point of his scabbard the dark sprays that mantled the graved coat of arms.
"The Long Roll" by Mary Johnston
When he turned at her cry, she saw that he had her mantle in his arms.
"More Tales in the Land of Nursery Rhyme" by Ada M. Marzials
She entered her lodge and laid off her mantle, which was entirely composed of the scalps of women.
"The Indian Fairy Book" by Cornelius Mathews
The nights were chill, but each day brought a perceptible shrinking of the snowy mantle, leaving bare patches of wet, brown earth.
"Followers of the Trail" by Zoe Meyer
Upon whom would his mantle fall?
"Union and Democracy" by Allen Johnson
Now when she goes abroad, all her gay colors are covered by the white mantle which envelops her whole figure.
"Life of Schamyl" by John Milton Mackie
The tunics and mantles of Candaules were hung upon wooden pegs.
"King Candaules" by Théophile Gautier
Portrait of Rembrandt when young, seen in a front view, wearing a slouched hat, and a mantle lined with fur.
"Rembrandt and His Works" by John Burnet
Mary had a white mantle round her head, from beneath which her long dark hair hung down.
"King of the Jews" by William T. Stead
You know my new velvet mantle which has just come down from London?
"Black, White and Gray" by Amy Walton
I can't think of a thing but mahogany bureaus and marble mantles.
"Marjorie's Busy Days" by Carolyn Wells
The mantle was removed, the slim, muscular figure of the stranger was clearly visible, it seemed too soft for a man's.
"The Day of Wrath" by Maurus Jókai
A hue, delicately rich as the tinted leaves of orange blossoms, mantled her cheeks.
"Under the Rose" by Frederic Stewart Isham
The snow had begun to fall in many storms, and the landscape was wrapped in its winter mantle.
"The World's Greatest Books, Volume 19" by Various
She blushed deeply, and lifted up a corner of her mantle to her mouth again.
"Romola" by George Eliot
See their white mantles?
"Lorraine" by Robert W. Chambers
After the death of his friend Southey, the mantle of the Poet Laureate fell upon him.
"A History of the Nineteenth Century, Year by Year" by Edwin Emerson
The black earth throws off her cold white mantle.
"Jewish Children" by Sholem Naumovich Rabinovich
To Don alone did he thus reveal himself, mantled in a golden rhetoric.
"The Orchard of Tears" by Sax Rohmer
Children of the King's Chapel, in scarlet mantles, four abreast.
"Coronation Anecdotes" by Giles Gossip
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In poetry:

Night her solemn mantle spreads
O’er the earth as daylight fades;
All things tell of calm repose,
At the holy Sabbath’s close.
"Softly Fades The Twilight Ray" by Samuel Francis Smith
She spread her mantle o'er his breast,
She bath'd his lips with dew,
And on his cheek such kisses press'd
As hope and joy ne'er knew.
"Gertrude, Or Fidelity Till Death" by Felicia Dorothea Hemans
Thus came she down the silent sky
Unto the Sea her faith to plight,
And the grave priest who wedded them
Was ancient, sombre-mantled Night.
"The Bridal" by Lucy Maud Montgomery
But let no footstep beat the floor,
Nor bowl of wassail mantle warm;
For who would keep an ancient form
Thro' which the spirit breathes no more?
"In Memoriam A. H. H.: 105." by Alfred Lord Tennyson
Now mantling morn had ting'd the sky,
And bade the mountain-breeze awake ;
And flow'rs of ev'ry scent and die,
Seem'd of her freshness to partake.
"Reginald The Brave" by Laura Sophia Temple
O, sweet are those hills when the winter
Flings round them his mantle of snow,
And sweet when the sunshine of summer
Sets their fair green bosoms aglow.
"Durisdeer Hills" by Alexander Anderson

In news:

0Professors take on the mantles of Obama and Romney.
Bryce Harper of the Washington Nationals is the next Mickey Mantle .
Holly Warlick takes up Lady Vols mantle .
Dems fire up base, Romney claims mantle of change.
Obama, on a Weekend March, Tries to Recapture His Mantle .
Obama, Romney compete for mantle of change.
Wrestling for 'candidate of change' mantle intensifies as election nears.
Romney, Obama push for mantle of change.
Romney tries to seize the mantle of 'big change'.
Memorial gifts may be given in Mr Mantle 's memory to Shriner's Children Hospital.
Roger Lee Mantle , 66, of Columbia City, passed away at 4:13 pm Monday, Oct 22, 2012, at his home.
Romney's Mantle of Leadership speech reminds us of our foreign policy failures.
The $1 billion mission to reach the Earth's mantle .
Gorgeous Don Sondag painting of Casa Feliz hanging over the mantle in the home.
A team of international scientists are planning to drill into the Earth's mantle in an attempt to answer questions about the origins and evolution of life.
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In science:

This tells a story about how the mantles form.
Cosmic Dust in the 21st Century
Olson, Mantle Convection in the Earth and Planets, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2001. D.
Sorption heat engines: simple inanimate negative entropy generators
Temperature is especially important as it controls the location of the snow–line – the region where molecules are released from icy grain mantles by thermal desorption.
Turbulence driven diffusion in protoplanetary disks - chemical effects in the outer disk
Here molecules can be thermally desorbed from the mantles and, once in the gas, are quickly photodissociated by the strong UV field from both the interstellar medium and from the star.
Turbulence driven diffusion in protoplanetary disks - chemical effects in the outer disk
Thus the mantle species, rather than the grain itself, are assumed to diffuse.
Turbulence driven diffusion in protoplanetary disks - chemical effects in the outer disk
The binding energies (Eb) used to determine the thermal desorption rates of the abundant mantle species.
Turbulence driven diffusion in protoplanetary disks - chemical effects in the outer disk
The sound pulses radiated from the core steepen into shock waves that merge as they propagate into the outer mantle and deposit their energy and momentum with high efficiency.
Multi-Dimensional Explorations in Supernova Theory
First is that while the acoustic luminosity is much smaller than the neutrino luminosity, almost all of the sound is absorbed in the mantle matter.
Multi-Dimensional Explorations in Supernova Theory
For neutrino tra jectories which do not cross the core of the Earth, we approximate the PREM profile by a single layer of constant density, while for core-crossing neutrinos, we use a mantle-core-mantle profile with three layers.
Neutrino factory optimization for non-standard interactions
Model calculations of the molecular composition of interstellar grain mantles.
Ice Lines, Planetesimal Composition and Solid Surface Density in the Solar Nebula
In particular estimates for the size of Jupiter’s core and the metallicity of its hydrogen-helium mantle differed substantially.
Comparison of Jupiter Interior Models Derived from First-Principles Simulations
It was shown that Γ point only simulation overestimate the pressure near Jupiter’s core-mantle boundary by 1.6%.
Comparison of Jupiter Interior Models Derived from First-Principles Simulations
At the highest pressures at the core-mantle boundary, one still finds differences in the predicted temperatures much in the same way that differences in pressure are observed.
Comparison of Jupiter Interior Models Derived from First-Principles Simulations
At Jupiter’s core-mantle boundary the pressures are not yet high enough so that the hydrogen-helium mixtures would be mostly ideal.
Comparison of Jupiter Interior Models Derived from First-Principles Simulations
Besides a solid rock core, NHKFRB model assumes the mantle to be composed of two layers with differing composition.
Comparison of Jupiter Interior Models Derived from First-Principles Simulations
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