• Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Mandilion See Mandil.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n mandilion A garment first used in France in the sixteenth century, and worn originally by men-servants, soldiers, and others as a sort of overcoat. Its earliest form appears to have been that of a dalmatic with sleeves not closed and covering the back of the arm only. In the seventeenth century it was an outer garment capable of being buttoned up or left open, described in 1660 as like a jump, generally without sleeves.
    • n mandilion A handkerchief on which, according to an ecclesiastical legend, a portrait of Jesus was painted, and which was sent by him to Abgarus, prince of Edessa. In the earliest version of the legend, that of Eusebius. the portrait is not mentioned. Three churches claim to possess the original relic, the Sainte-Chapelle at Paris, the church of San Silvestro in Capite in Rome, whence the relic was transferred to the Vatican in 1870, and the church of S. Bartolommeo in Genoa. The mandilion is not to be confused with the sudarium of St. Veronica.
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