Mameluke

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Mameluke One of a body of mounted soldiers recruited from slaves converted to Mohammedanism, who, during several centuries, had more or less control of the government of Egypt, until exterminated or dispersed by Mehemet Ali in 1811.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n Mameluke Any male servant or slave, usually a Circassian, belonging to the household or the retinue of a bey.
    • n Mameluke [capitalized] A member of a corps of cavalry formerly existing in Egypt, whose chiefs were long the sovereign rulers of the country. They originated with a body of Mingrelians, Turks, and other slaves, who were sold by Jenghiz Khan to the Egyptian sultan in the thirteenth century. About 1251 they established their government in Egypt by making one of their own number sultan. Their government was overthrown by Selim I. of Turkey in 1517, but they formed part of the Egyptian army until 1811, when Mehemet Ali destroyed most of them by a general massacre.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Mameluke mam′e-lōōk one of a force of light horse in Egypt formed of Circassian slaves—dispersed in 1811.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. mamelouk, cf. Sp. mameluco, It. mammalucco,; all fr. Ar. mamlūk, a purchased slave or captive; lit., possessed or in one's power, p. p. of malaka, to possesses
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—Ar. mamlûk, a purchased slave—malaka, to possess.

Usage

In literature:

This Sultan conquered Egypt and over-threw the dynasty of the Mamelukes.
"The Contemporary Review, January 1883" by Various
Overthrow of the mameluke power in Egypt, by Selim I, who annexes that country to the Ottoman empire.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Volume 9" by Various
He defeated the Mamelukes at Chebreiss and the Pyramids, and entered Cairo on July 24th.
"Great Men and Famous Women. Vol. 2 of 8" by Various
It seems that Bibars Bendocdar was originally brought to Egypt as a slave, and, in course of time, enrolled as one of the Mamelukes.
"The Boy Crusaders" by John G. Edgar
For some time he served the Mamelukes who still held Egypt.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 3" by Various
All at once the horse was seen coming to a halt, as if brought up by the power of a Mameluke bit!
"Bruin" by Mayne Reid
In dreams he rode once again with his khushdashiya, his brother Mamelukes.
"The Saracen: The Holy War" by Robert Shea
Who first invented bearskins, so they say, And had a funny Mameluke called Friday.
"L'Aiglon" by Edmond Rostand
Mameluke usurpers were holding it in disgraceful bondage; France would liberate it.
"The Life of Napoleon Bonaparte" by William Milligan Sloane
MAMELUKE dynasty in Egypt, overthrown by the Turks, 177.
"Rulers of India: Albuquerque" by Henry Morse Stephens
How I envy you those Mamelukes!
"Tom Burke Of "Ours", Volume II (of II)" by Charles James Lever
They took Alessandria, and from here they went on further and attacked the Mamelukes.
"Tales of the Caravan, Inn, and Palace." by William Hauff
The Mamelukes decoyed to attend a festival in Cairo and slaughtered by Mehemet Ali.
"The Scrap Book. Volume 1, No. 2" by Various
Of 800 Mamelukes, or Turks, who fought under Mir-Hocem, only 22, says Osorius, survived this engagement.
"The Lusiad" by Luís de Camões
And, last of all, the court where the Mamelukes were massacred by Mohammed Ali in 1811.
"What We Saw in Egypt" by Anonymous
It is said to have been finally destroyed by the Mamelukes.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 6" by Various
It was Mohammed Ali who settled the Mameluke problem in the conclusive way which sultans adopt at times.
"The Ship Dwellers" by Albert Bigelow Paine
He continued the war with the broken power of the Mamelukes, whom he suppressed.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 14, Slice 2" by Various
From the "Chrestomathia Arabica" of Kosegarten, published in 1828, is taken the following story of the execution of a Mameluke.
"The Trial of Jesus from a Lawyer's Standpoint, Vol. II (of II)" by Walter M. Chandler
In this state they came up, on the 13th, with the Mamelukes at Chebreis.
"Military Career of Napoleon the Great" by Montgomery B. Gibbs
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