Lycopodium

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Lycopodium type and sole genus of the Lycopodiaceae; erect or creeping evergreen plants often used for Christmas decorations
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Lycopodium (Bot) A genus of mosslike plants, the type of the order Lycopodiace√¶; club moss.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n Lycopodium A genus of vascular cryptogamous plants, the type of the order Lycopodiaceæ. They are low plants, usually of moss-like aspect, with evergreen, one-nerved leaves arranged in one to sixteen ranks. The sporangia are coriaceous, reniform, compressed, one-celled, dehiscing transversely, situated in the axils of unaltered leaves or in terminal bracteate spikes. The spores are copious and minute, with three lines radiating from the apex. The genus is very widely distributed, and contains 94 species, of which 12 are found in North America. L. dendroideum is the well-known ground-pine; L. clavatum is the common clubmoss, or running pine, which is extensively employed in decorations. This species has also been called stag's-horn, buck's-horn, fox's-claws, foxtail, etc. L. Selago is sometimes called fir-moss, foxfeet, and tree-moss. Many fossil species have been found, those occurring in the Paleozoic strata being preferably called lycopodites.
    • n Lycopodium A fine powder consisting of the spores of Lycopodium clavatum and other species, used in pharmacy as a dusting-powder on the skin and on excoriated surfaces, and in other ways. On the application of a flame, it burns with a flash, and does not become wet in contact with water. It is used in physical experiments, especially with sound.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
NL., from Gr. wolf + , , a foot

Usage

In literature:

There is not a Lycopodium in the world now, I believe, five feet high.
"Town Geology" by Charles Kingsley
A small Lycopodium, Gmelina asiatica?
"Journals of Travels in Assam, Burma, Bhootan, Afghanistan and TheNeighbouring Countries" by William Griffith
Lycopodium clavatum and L. inundatum .
"Handbook to the Severn Valley Railway Illustrative and Descriptive of Places along the Line from Worcester to Shrewsbury" by J. Randall
Tannaform, 1 drachm; talcum, 2 drachms; lycopodium, 30 grains.
"Practical Mechanics for Boys" by J. S. Zerbe
The hands may be preserved dry for delicate work by rubbing a little club moss (lycopodium), in fine powder, over them.
"The Ladies Book of Useful Information" by Anonymous
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