- n Lycopersicum tomatoes
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n lycopersicum A genus of plants of the natural order Solanaceæ and the tribe Solaneæ. It differs from Solanum, with which it is closely allied, by having long, acuminate, connate anthers, opening on the inside by a longitudinal fissure. They are unarmed herbs with irregularly pinnate leaves, weak stems, five- or rarely six-parted flowers, with a rotate corolla, and growing in few-flowered cymes. The fruit is a fieshy globose or pearshaped berry, usually red or yellow, and with numerous seeds embedded in the pulp. There are three or four species, natives of South America, but now widely cultivated and to some extent naturalized elsewhere. The most important is L. esculentum, the common tomato, formerly called love-apple, which has been very much modified by culture. Its fruit, naturally of two or three cells, is often much complicated by a consolidation of blossoms. See tomato.