- n Lophophora two species of small cacti of northeastern Mexico and southwestern United States having rounded stems covered with jointed tubercles: mescal
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n lophophora A genus of plants of the family Cactaceæ. There is but one species, L. Williamsii, a native of southwestern Texas and northern Mexico, known to the Mexicans as peyote. It has a thick, fleshy subterranean stem, the part above ground appearing as a small, depressed, green, spineless cushion, growing singly or a few in a cluster and bearing pink flowers. The seedling plants bear spines, but the mature plants have none, the areolæ being occupied by tufts of soft, white hairs. The dried tops of the plant are used by several aboriginal tribes as an intoxicant. See mescal-buttons.