Lollard

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Lollard (Eccl. Hist) One of a sect of early reformers in Germany. "By Lollards all know the Wyclifities are meant, so called from Walter Lollardus, one of their teachers in Germany."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n Lollard One of a semi-monastic society for the care of the sick and the burial of the dead, which originated at Antwerp about 1300. Also called Cellite.
    • n Lollard One of the English followers of Wyclif, adherents of a wide-spread movement, partly political and socialistic, and in some respects anticipating Protestantism and Puritanism, in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. They were also called Bible men, from their reverence for the Bible. They differed on some points both among themselves and from Wyclif, but in the main condemned the use of images in churches, pilgrimages to the tombs of saints, the temporal lordship of the clergy, the hierarchical organization, papal authority, religious orders, ecclesiastical decorations, the ceremony of the mass, the doctrine of transubstantiation, waging of wars, and capital punishment. Some of them engaged in seditious proceedings, and they were severely persecuted for more than a hundred years, especially after the adoption of a special statute (“De hæretico comburendo”) against them in 1401. Lollards were very numerous at the close of the fourteenth century, and perhaps formed later part of the Lancastrian party in the Wars of the Roses.
    • n Lollard One who lolls; an idler.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
LL. Lollardi, Lullardi, from Walter Lolhardus, a German; cf. LG. & D. lollen, to mumble, to hum, sing in a murmuring strain; hence, OD. lollaerd, a mumbler, i. e., of prayers or psalms, which was prob. the origin of the name. See Loll Lull

Usage

In literature:

Apology for the Lollards.
"Notes and Queries, Number 223, February 4, 1854" by Various
The Lollards, named from their low tone of singing at interments, were a numerous sect exerting great influence in the fourteenth century.
"England, Picturesque and Descriptive" by Joel Cook
Lollard, his burial, 292.
"Notes and Queries, Index of Volume 5, January-June, 1852" by Various
LOLLARDS, oath against them enforced upon sheriffs until reign of Charles I., iii.
"Curiosities of Literature, Vol. 3 (of 3)" by Isaac Disraeli
The principles of the Waldenses and the Lollards were likewise incompatible with European civilisation.
"The History of Freedom" by John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton
Further persecutions of a whole batch of Lollards took place in 1428.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 2" by Various
The Lollards' Tower has to be visited, and the sayings and doings of a long line of prelates to be reviewed.
"Old and New London" by Walter Thornbury
For Wycliffe and early Lollards see WYCLIFFE.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 4" by Various
Lollards, rise of the, iii.
"View of the State of Europe during the Middle Ages, Vol. 3 (of 3)" by Henry Hallam
Lollards of Kyle, 99.
"John Knox" by Wm. M. Taylor
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In poetry:

'To stable and to kennel go;
Bring what is there to bring;
Lead my Lollard to and fro,
Or gently in a ring.
"The Ballad Of The Foxhunter" by William Butler Yeats
Brown Lollard treads upon the lawn,
And to the armchair goes,
And now the old man's dreams are gone,
He smooths the long brown nose.
"The Ballad Of The Foxhunter" by William Butler Yeats