Lie

Definitions

  • Mike lying at the bottom of the steps
    Mike lying at the bottom of the steps
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v lie tell an untruth; pretend with intent to deceive "Don't lie to your parents","She lied when she told me she was only 29"
    • v lie be lying, be prostrate; be in a horizontal position "The sick man lay in bed all day","the books are lying on the shelf"
    • v lie assume a reclining position "lie down on the bed until you feel better"
    • v lie originate (in) "The problems dwell in the social injustices in this country"
    • v lie be located or situated somewhere; occupy a certain position
    • v lie have a place in relation to something else "The fate of Bosnia lies in the hands of the West","The responsibility rests with the Allies"
    • v lie be and remain in a particular state or condition "lie dormant"
    • n lie a statement that deviates from or perverts the truth
    • n lie position or manner in which something is situated
    • n Lie Norwegian diplomat who was the first Secretary General of the United Nations (1896-1968)
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Additional illustrations & photos:

An English mastiff lying down, head on his paws An English mastiff lying down, head on his paws
A goat eating grass, a kid lying alongside A goat eating grass, a kid lying alongside
Two dromedary, or Arabian, camels, one standing, the other lying down Two dromedary, or Arabian, camels, one standing, the other lying down
Lie, Falsehood. Arikara Lie, Falsehood. Arikara
Lie, falsehood. Hidatsa Lie, falsehood. Hidatsa
Example. A lie Example. A lie
The witch speaks to Ball-Carrier, who is lying on a platform The witch speaks to Ball-Carrier, who is lying on a platform
And lying down on Tiny's bed, falls asleep And lying down on Tiny's bed, falls asleep

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Mass murderer Charles Manson recorded an album titled "Lie."
    • Lie A falsehood uttered or acted for the purpose of deception; an intentional violation of truth; an untruth spoken with the intention to deceive. "The proper notion of a lie is an endeavoring to deceive another by signifying that to him as true, which we ourselves think not to be so.""It is willful deceit that makes a lie . A man may act a lie , as by pointing his finger in a wrong direction when a traveler inquires of him his road."
    • Lie A fiction; a fable; an untruth.
    • Lie Anything which misleads or disappoints. "Wishing this lie of life was o'er."
    • n Lie See Lye.
    • n Lie The position or way in which anything lies; the lay, as of land or country. "He surveyed with his own eyes . . . the lie of the country on the side towards Thrace."
    • Lie To abide; to remain for a longer or shorter time; to be in a certain state or condition; as, to lie waste; to lie fallow; to lie open; to lie hid; to lie grieving; to lie under one's displeasure; to lie at the mercy of the waves; the paper does not lie smooth on the wall.
    • Lie To be or exist; to belong or pertain; to have an abiding place; to consist; -- with in. "Envy lies between beings equal in nature, though unequal in circumstances.""He that thinks that diversion may not lie in hard labor, forgets the early rising and hard riding of huntsmen."
    • Lie To be situated; to occupy a certain place; as, Ireland lies west of England; the meadows lie along the river; the ship lay in port.
    • Lie To be still or quiet, like one lying down to rest. "The wind is loud and will not lie ."
    • Lie (Law) To be sustainable; to be capable of being maintained. "An appeal lies in this case."
    • Lie To lodge; to sleep. "Whiles I was now trifling at home, I saw London, . . . where I lay one night only.""Mr. Quinion lay at our house that night."
    • Lie To rest extended on the ground, a bed, or any support; to be, or to put one's self, in an horizontal position, or nearly so; to be prostate; to be stretched out; -- often with down, when predicated of living creatures; as, the book lies on the table; the snow lies on the roof; he lies in his coffin. "The watchful traveler . . . Lay down again, and closed his weary eyes."
    • v. i Lie To utter falsehood with an intention to deceive; to say or do that which is intended to deceive another, when he a right to know the truth, or when morality requires a just representation.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Cows are usually found lying down before it starts to rain.
    • lie To rest in a recumbent or prostrate position; remain or be held flatwise, lengthwise, or inclined on a supporting surface; recline or be prone or supine on something.
    • lie To be in a quiescent state; be or become quiet or inactive; remain passive or expectant.
    • lie To lay or place one's self in a recumbent or prostrate position; take a reclining posture: often followed by down when entire prostration is intended: as, to lie back in a chair; to lie down on the ground.
    • lie To have place, position, or direction; be situated, set, or settled; stay or abide: as, the Azores lie in the Atlantic ocean; the army lay in a fortified camp.
    • lie To be confined or imprisoned.
    • lie To rest or remain in a state or condition; continue inactive or unchanged: as, to lie in soak; the land lies fallow.
    • lie To be in a certain direction; be present in a particular place or thing; be found; exist.
    • lie To lodge; pass the night; sleep.
    • lie To rest; bear; press; weigh: with on or upon.
    • lie In law, to be sustainable; be capable of being maintained: as, an action lies against the tenant for waste.
    • lie Nautical, to careen with the wind abeam, as a ship.
    • lie To rest; intermit labor; knock off: as, we lay by in the heat of the day.
    • lie Nautical, same as to lie to.
    • lie [By, prep.] To remain with; be accessible to, or be in the keeping of: as, he has the documents lying by him.
    • lie Nautical, to remain near, as one ship to another at sea.
    • lie To be an obstacle or impediment: as, objections that lie in the way of adjustment.
    • lie To conceal one's views or intentions.
    • lie To be incumbent upon, as an obligation or a duty: as, it lies on the plaintiff to maintain his action.
    • lie To depend on.
    • lie To importune; urge.
    • lie To be unspent or remain unemployed; hence, of unoccupied time, with a qualifying word, as heavy, to cause ennui; be tedious: as, the hours lay heavy on my hands.
    • lie To be deferred to some future occasion, as a motion or resolution in a deliberative assembly.
    • lie To have carnal knowledge of.
    • lie To belong to: as, it lies with you to make amends.
    • lie Synonyms Lie, Lay. “Lay is a transitive verb, and has for its preterit laid: as, he told me to lay it down, and I laid it down. Lie is intransitive, and has for its preterit lay: as, he told me to lie down, and I lay down. Some persons blunder by using laid for the preterit of lie: as, he told me to lie down, and I laid down. So persons often say, the ship laid at anchor; they laid by during the storm; the book laid on the shelf, etc. It is only necessary to remember, in all such cases, that laid is the preterit of lay and not of lie. This would save many respectable writers from a gross error which seems to be increasing among us.” (Goodrich.) Similarly, laid is often erroneously used for lain: as, I had laid down; and lain is sometimes used for laid.
    • n lie Manner of lying; relative direction, position, arrangement, etc. See lay, n., 4.
    • n lie The place where a bird, beast, or fish is accustomed to lie or lurk; haunt.
    • n lie In railroading, a siding or short offset from the main line, into which trucks may be run for the purpose of loading and unloading; one of the different sets of rails at a terminus on which trucks stand while being loaded or unloaded.
    • lie To speak falsely; utter untruth for the purpose of misleading; make a misrepresentation consciously: followed by about, etc., and formerly (and still sometimes colloquially) by on.
    • lie To make a false impression, either consciously or unconsciously; hold forth a misleading or deceitful appearance; act or manifest an untruth: used of both persons and things.
    • n lie A false statement made with the purpose of deceiving; an intentional untruth; a falsehood; the utterance by speech or act of that which is false, with intent to mislead or delude.
    • n lie That which is intended or serves to deceive or mislead; anything designed or adapted to produce false conclusions or expectations: as, this epitaph is a lie.
    • n lie Synonyms Untruth, deception. Compare fib.
    • n lie An obsolete spelling of lye.
    • n lie An obsolete form of lee.
    • n lie An obsolete form of lee.
    • lie In heraldry, same as stringed.
    • n lie In golf:
    • n lie The angle which the shaft of a club makes with the head. A club has a flat lie when the angle is very obtuse, and an upright lie when it is less obtuse.
    • n lie The position of a ball at rest on the course.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The lie detector was invented by John Augustus Larson in 1921.
    • n Lie anything meant to deceive: an intentional violation of truth: anything that misleads
    • v.i Lie to utter falsehood with an intention to deceive: to make a false representation:—pr.p. ly′ing; pa.t. and pa.p. lied
    • v.i Lie to rest in a reclining posture: to lean: to press upon: to be situated: to abide: to consist: :
    • pr.p Lie ly′ing; pa.t. lay; pa.p. lain, (B.) lī′en
    • n Lie manner of lying: relative position: an animal's lair:
    • v.i Lie (law) to be sustainable
    • v.i Lie (Shak.) to be imprisoned: to lodge, pass the night
    • n Lie (golf) position of the ball for striking
    • ***

Quotations

  • Carolyn Wells
    Carolyn Wells
    “Actions lie louder than words.”
  • Pablo Picasso
    Pablo%20Picasso
    “Art is a lie that makes us realize the truth.”
  • Harold Blake Walker
    Harold Blake Walker
    “The only true failure lies in failure to start.”
  • William Shakespeare
    William%20Shakespeare
    “The best safety lies in fear.”
  • Jean Cocteau
    Jean%20Cocteau
    “I am a lie who always speaks the truth.”
  • Benjamin Franklin
    Benjamin%20Franklin
    “Lying rides upon debt's back.”

Idioms

If you lie down with dogs, you will get up with fleas - This means that if you become involved with bad company, there will be negative consequences.
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If you lie down with the Devil, you will wake up in hell - This means that if you become involved with bad company, there will be negative consequences.
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Let sleeping dogs lie - If someone is told to let sleeping dogs lie, it means that they shouldn't disturb a situation as it would result in trouble or complications.
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Uneasy lies the head that wears the crown - This means that people with serious responsibilities have a heavy burden.
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White lie - If you tell a white lie, you lie in order not to hurt someone's feelings.
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You've made your bed- you'll have to lie in it - This means that someone will have to live with the consequences of their own actions.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. lien, liggen, AS. licgan,; akin to D. liggen, OHG. ligen, licken, G. liegen, Icel. liggja, Sw. ligga, Dan. ligge, Goth. ligan, Russ. lejate, L. lectus, bed, Gr. le`chos bed, le`xasqai to lie. Cf. Lair Law Lay (v. t.) Litter Low (adj.)

Usage

In literature:

He was gazing at a wreck of beautiful womanhood lying on the bed.
"The Heart of Unaga" by Ridgwell Cullum
The lingual nerve and artery lie in some part of their course immediately beneath the gland.
"Surgical Anatomy" by Joseph Maclise
Here the Mohel was taken to a palace, in one of whose apartments was the child's mother lying.
"The Science of Fairy Tales" by Edwin Sidney Hartland
The image of God lies not only in that personality which the 'Father of Lies' too possesses, but in 'righteousness and holiness.
"Expositions of Holy Scripture" by Alexander Maclaren
She felt that Eleanore was lying, and that the lie she was telling was somehow connected with Daniel.
"The Goose Man" by Jacob Wassermann
Perhaps better woodsmen than I know where this Thendara lies, but I do not.
"The Reckoning" by Robert W. Chambers
The largest egg still lies there.
"Children's Literature" by Charles Madison Curry
Lie on lie; lie on lie!
"The Manxman A Novel - 1895" by Hall Caine
Like a Hindu, a man could lie silent and motionless for hours.
"The Keepers of the Trail" by Joseph A. Altsheler
Sometimes we are lazy and lie on the grass all day.
"Girls of the Forest" by L. T. Meade
Tell him I sent you to say that Adam Fallow lies dying at Bigrigg, and must see him at once.
"A Son of Hagar" by Sir Hall Caine
Nestor, therefore, cannot tell much about Ulysses, who lies quite out of his horizon, at least in the Odyssey.
"Homer's Odyssey" by Denton J. Snider
No; my path lies onward through the ages, perchance where thou mayest not follow.
"Saronia" by Richard Short
This is the position of order arms, lying down.
"Manual of Military Training" by James A. Moss
Now the desert lies behind them.
"What the Moon Saw: and Other Tales" by Hans Christian Andersen
They at last persuaded her to lie down, and then she would lie as still as if she slept.
"Fairy Tales of Hans Christian Andersen" by Hans Christian Andersen
Yes, Monsieur, but he didn't kill a man for money; it's a lie, a lie, a lie!
"Woman on Her Own, False Gods & The Red Robe" by Eugène Brieux
A lie is no lie if told to a Protestant.
"Ireland as It Is" by Robert John Buckley (AKA R.J.B.)
So he began with the old, old lie; the lie that we all tried to tell when we were leaving.
"The Shepherd of the North" by Richard Aumerle Maher
Seriously affected animals remain standing if they have sufficient strength, but those which lie down always lie on the affected side.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
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In poetry:

Let them say to my Lover
That here I lie!
The thing of His pleasure,
His slave am I.
"Amor Mysticus" by John Hay
My saddle for a pillow,
I lie beneath the tree,
That softens to a willow,
In the moonlight over me.
"Jack Cornstalk as a Poet" by Henry Lawson
Here lies one
Who begun
Life a-singing, heard of none;
And he died, satisfied,
With his dead songs by his side.
"A Worn-Out Pencil" by James Whitcomb Riley
The sea, the blue lone sea, hath one,
He lies where pearls lie deep;
He was the lov'd of all, yet none
O'er his low bed may weep.
"The Graves Of A Household" by Felicia Dorothea Hemans
Beware of lying, whilst on earth;
The serpent gave to lying birth:
The truth, and nought but truth, still tell;
Lies owe their origin to hell!
"Godly Exhortations To A Child " by Rees Prichard
Therefore it comes that you catch me oft
With my hand upon my brow,
Lying stretch'd out at length on the grass all soft,
As you see me lying now.
"The Twilight Is Here" by Alexander Anderson

In news:

But everything that's come before Nov 6 has been lying because "Precious" officially kicks off awards season.
Caracas , Venezuela, lies in a valley about 3,000 feet above sea level in a coastal range on the Caribbean.
Yours is to reason why your paper chose to print a lie.
Roberts ( Genuine Lies ) plunks a pair of likable lovers into an equally likable rural Southern community.
You don't have to take it lying down.
Jude case officer who lied gets two years.
Already, thousands of people have died, tens of thousands have been turned into refugees, and towns and villages lie in ruins.
Rep Tierney Lied And It ' Caught Up To Him.
"This is where they found my brother and his wife, lying over here.".
Peter Porco was found lying dead on the inside front stairs of the home.
The opening notes of "St. Thomas/ Domingo Run," announce the timeless yet timely treat that lies ahead on Afrocubano Chant Two.
Stupid statements by former Arizona State Senator Russell Pearce as well as monstrous lies he tells are Pearce trademarks.
Sheriff Arpaio Lied in 2009 About SCA Scandal and Still Won't Tell the Truth.
Why lie about sending pictures of your cock in a chastity belt.
Mailer about Davis a lie and cheap shot .
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In science:

This fact allows us to give examples of Lie groups whose Lie algebras are generalized Lie bialgebras.
Generalized Lie bialgebroids and Jacobi structures
Vice versa, given a Lie conformal superalgebra R, we can construct a formal distribution Lie superalgebra Lie R using the following definition.
Classification of finite simple Lie conformal superalgebras
Let (Lie R, F (R)) be the maximal formal distribution Lie superalgebra associated to the Lie conformal superalgebra R.
Classification of finite simple Lie conformal superalgebras
The kernel of the exponential map exp : Lie(T ) → T is a lattice Lie(T )(Z) in Lie(T ).
Compactifications defined by arrangements I: the ball quotient case
In Section 3, we prove that a Lie groupoid G ⇉ M (with Lie algebroid AG) and a multiplicative function σ : G → R induce a Lie groupoid structure in T G×R over T M ×R and a contact groupoid structure in T ∗G × R over A∗G.
Jacobi groupoids and generalized Lie bialgebroids
Using Ψ and the Lie algebroid structure ([[ , ]]¯φ0 , ¯ρφ0 ), one can introduce a new Lie algebroid structure ([[ , ]]ˆφ0 , ˆρφ0 ) on the vector bundle ˜A → M × R in such a way that the Lie algebroids ( ˜A, [[ , ]]¯φ0 , ¯ρφ0 ) and ( ˜A, [[ , ]]ˆφ0 , ˆρφ0 ) are isomorphic.
Jacobi groupoids and generalized Lie bialgebroids
In , we proved that generalized Lie bialgebras (that is, generalized Lie bialgebroids over a single point) may be considered as the infinitesimal invariants of a particular class of Lie groups.
Jacobi groupoids and generalized Lie bialgebroids
On the other hand, if on the vector bundle T G × R → G we consider the natural Lie algebroid structure (see Section 2.2) then the map #(Λ,E ) : T ∗G × R → T G × R is a Lie algebroid homomorphism between the Lie algebroids (T ∗G×R, [[ , ]](Λ,E ) , e#(Λ,E )) and T G× R.
Jacobi groupoids and generalized Lie bialgebroids
Moreover, using (3.23) and since α = τ and the Lie bracket of two left-invariant vector fields on L∗ is zero, we conclude that: i) v defines an isomorphism between the Lie algebroid L∗ (with the trivial Lie algebroid structure) and A(L∗ ) and ii) v (ω0) = X0 .
Jacobi groupoids and generalized Lie bialgebroids
Theorem 5.9 Let ((AG, φ0), (A∗G, X0)) be a generalized Lie bialgebroid where AG is the Lie algebroid of an α-connected and α-simply connected Lie groupoid G ⇉ M .
Jacobi groupoids and generalized Lie bialgebroids
Let (AG, A∗G) be a Lie bialgebroid where AG is the Lie algebroid of an α-connected and α-simply connected Lie groupoid G ⇉ M .
Jacobi groupoids and generalized Lie bialgebroids
Let ((g, φ0)(g∗ , X0)) be a generalized Lie bialgebra, that is, a generalized Lie bialgebroid over a single point, and G be a connected simply connected Lie group with Lie algebra g.
Jacobi groupoids and generalized Lie bialgebroids
Suppose the Lie algebra is semisimple (this is true for all the classical Lie algebras except the Lie algebras GL(n, C ), U (n, C )).
Random matrix theory and symmetric spaces
Recall that for a bundle of Lie groups modeled on a Lie group G (we sometimes call this simply a G-bundle) we have local maps ρ−1 (U ) ∼= U × G and the transition maps U ∩ V × G ∼= U ∪ V × G restrict to a Lie group isomorphism of G on each fiber.
Mirror Symmetry and Generalized Complex Manifolds
Kac’s construction of nontwisted affine Lie algebras produces a Z-graded infinite dimensional Lie algebra g from the adjoint representation of a simple complex Lie algebra.
Constructing Graded Lie Algebras
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