nlepomisA genus of sunfishes of American fresh waters, having The operculum ending behind in a convex black flap, sometimes highly developed. They belong to the family Centrarchidæ, and are nearly related to the blackbass. Upward of 20 species are described, some of them among the commonest and most familiar fishes of the United States, often called bream, as the blue or copper-nosed, L. pallidus. The common sunfish, sunny, or pumpkin-seed is L. gibbosus, found from Maine to Florida and in the Great Lake region. The red-spotted sanfish is L. humilis, found from Kentucky to Kansas and Texas. L. evanellus of the Great Lake region and thence to Mexico is the blue spotted sunfish or redeye. The two species in which the gill-flap is most highly developed are L. auritus and L. megalotis, both called long-cared sunfish.
Lepomis macrochirus in Georgia and South Carolina (Avise et al. 1987).
Evaluating Intraspecific Variation and Interspecific Diversity: comparing humans and fish species